erTad sazogadoebisaTvis - polonel moxaliseTa gamocdileba

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erTad sazogadoebisaTvis - polonel moxaliseTa gamocdileba
publikacia gamocemulia asociacia `globaluri
solidarobis kavSiris~ proeqtis - `axla Cveni droa.
moxaliseTa qselis Seqmna saqarTveloSi~ - farglebSi.
`globaluri solidarobis kavSiri~
iezuickas q. 4
20-113 lublini
www.solidarity.com.pl
www.volunteernet.eu
publikacia `erTad sazogadoebisaTvis. polonel
moxaliseTa gamocdileba~ xelmisawvdomia `Creative
Commons~-is licenziiT, saavtoro ufleba 3.0
poloneTi. garkveuli saavtoro uflebebi daculia
`globaluri solidarobis kavSirisa~ da asociacia
`lublinis moxaliseTa centris~ sasargeblod.
teqsti momzadda `demokratiis mxardaWeris~ programis
farglebSi romelic finansdeba poloneTis respublikis
sagareo saqmeTa saministros TanamSromlobis ganviTarebis
programis saxsrebidan. nebadarTulia teqstis gamoyeneba wyaros,
licenziis, saavtoro uflebebisa da poloneTis respublikis
sagareo saqmeTa saministros TanamSromlobis ganviTarebis
programis Sesaxeb informaciis miTiTebis SemTxvevaSi.
erTad sazogadoebisaTvis polonel moxaliseTa
gamocdileba
lublini
2014
erTad sazogadoebisaTvis polonel moxaliseTa
gamocdileba
„globaluri solidarobis kavSiri“,
asociacia „lublinis moxaliseTa centri“, 2014
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publikacia gamocemulia „globaluri solidarobis kavSiris“ proeqtis - „axla Cveni droa. moxaliseTa centrebis
qselis Seqmna saqarTveloSi“ - farglebSi. proeqti dafinansebulia „demokratiis mxardaWeris“ programis saxsrebidan, poloneTis respublikis sagareo saqmeTa saministros TanamSromlobis ganviTarebis programis farglebSi.
polonuri teqstis Semdgeneli da redaqtori:
ana Seki
qarTuli Targmani:
marina urbanoviC-varsimaSvili, daviT kandreviCi
qarTuli Targmanis redaqtireba:
daviT kandreviCi
gamomcemlebi:
„globaluri solidarobis kavSiri“
asociacia „lublinis moxaliseTa centri“
© gamoyenebulia moxaliseTa centrebis qselis masalebi
lublini, 2014
winamdebare publikacia gamoxatavs mxolod avtorTa Sexedulebebs da ar SeiZleba CaiTvalos poloneTis respublikis
sagareo saqmeTa saministros oficialur poziciad.
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Sinaarsi:
Sesavali.....................................................................................................4
Tavi I
- moxaliseobrivi saqmianobis maregulirebeli
kanonmdebloba poloneTSi.................................................. 8
Tavi II - muSaoba moxaliseebTan, moxaliseoba poloneTSi moxaliseobrivi samsaxuris axleburi xedva................ 26
Tavi III - moxaliseTa centrebis qseli poloneTSi da misi
standartebi...........................................................................48
Tavi IV - treningis masalebi...............................................................72
Tavi V - polonuri moxaliseobis kargi gamocdileba................ 91
3
erTad sazogadoebisaTvis polonel moxaliseTa gamocdileba
Sesavali
1989 wels momxdari politikuri da socialuri cvlilebebis
Semdeg poloneTis mier ganvlilma Tavisuflebis 25-wlianma
gzam da am gzaze miRebulma gamocdilebam dagvanaxva Tu ramdeni SesaZleblobis da perspeqtivis winaSe dgas sazogadoeba
romelsac surs ganviTareba da ganviTarebis mimarTulebis
sakiTxebSi gadawyvetilebebis miReba. am gamocdilebam aseve
gviCvena Tu ramdeni saWiroeba aqvs sazogadoebas. moxaliseobrivi moZraoba warmoadgens samoqalaqo sazogadoebis erTerT gamovlenas romelic ganviTarda arsebuli saWiroebebisa
da perspeqtivebis pasuxad.
adgilobrivi saWiroebebidan da pirobebidan gamomdinare
ganviTareba yvelgan gansxvavebulad mimdinareobs. moxaliseoba aris gamocdilebis universaluri saxeoba romlis danergvac yvelgan SeiZleba da saWiroa. imis rwmena rom moxaliseoba
aris sazogado simdidre romelic sxvebsac unda gavuyoT CvenSi
polonuri moxaliseobrivi gamocdilebis gaziarebis survils
badebs. Cven gvsurs rom moxaliseobis Cvens mier SemuSavebuli
modelebi, agreTve midgomebi im problemebisadmi romlebic
moxaliseobis ganviTarebis gzaze Segvxvda, Cvens megobrebsa da
partniorebs SevTavazoT. es SeiZleba saintereso da sasargeblo aRmoCndes moxaliseobaSi CarTuli pirebisaTvis msoflios
xvadasxva nawilSi, am SemTxvevaSi ki kerZod saqarTveloSi.
Cven gvesmis rom sakanonmdeblo regulaciebis ararseboba
anelebs moxaliseobis ganviTarebas da zRudavs moxaliseebis
ufro farTod CarTvas aRniSnul saqmianobaSi, amitomac gvinda
gagiziaroT poloneTis magaliTi romelic SeiZleba dagexmaroT moxaliseobis iuridiuli sakiTxebis daregulirebaSi.
ra aris moxaliseoba? rogor esmiT es sfero polonelebs?
ra kanoni moqmedebs poloneTSi moxaliseobasTan mimarTebaSi?
rogor saqmianoben moxaliseebi - lublinis moxaliseTa centris magaliTze? ra gamocdileba SegviZlia gavuziaroT Cvens
qarTvel megobrebs? yvela am kiTxvaze pasuxis gacemas winamdebare publikaciaSi SevecdebiT. Cvens mizans miRweulad CavTv4
liT Tu es publikacia qarTuli organizaciebis STagonebis wyarod iqceva moxaliseobis ganviTarebis saqmeSi.
moxaliseobis sxvadasxvagvari ganmarteba arsebobs. saerTod
evropul enebSi am movlenis aRsaniSnavad ZiriTadad laTinuri
enidan momdinare terminebi ixmareba. Voluntas laTinuri sityvaa
da nebas niSnavs. am sityvidan momdinare Volunteering ki inglisur
enaSi nebayoflobas aRniSnavs.
Cvens publikaciaSi veyrdnobiT ganmartebas romelsac iyenebs moxaliseTa centrebis qseli poloneTSi. qselSi gawevrianebuli subieqtebi miiCneven rom moxaliseoba aris erTi
adamianis mier sxva adamianisaTvis gaweuli nebayoflobiTi daxmareba im pirobiT rom es ukanaskneli ar unda ganekuTvnebodes
pirvelis samegobro da sanaTesao wres.
moda moxaliseobaze wlebis ganmavlobaSi sargeblobs popularobiT msoflios bevr qveyanaSi. sxvadasxva nebayoflobiT
aqciebSi sxvebis sakeTildReod erTvebian rogorc soflis
skolis moswavleebi aseve msoflio masStabis varskvlavebi.
moxaliseobis fesvebi ki ufro Rrmad aRwevs.
erT-erTi pirveli adamiani, romelic moxaliseobis saTaveebTan idga iyo Sveicarieli pacifisti pier seresoli (Pierre Ceresole). man 1920 wels organizeba gauwia moxaliseTa pirvel banaks
romelsac erqva „Service Civil Volontaire“. banakis Seqmnis mizezi
cota xniT adre damTavrebuli pirveli msoflio omi iyo. banakSi seresolma Sekriba moxaliseebi romlebic erTmaneTis mowinaaRmdege qveynebis warmomadgenlebi iyvnen da romlebsac unda
aRedginaT qalaq verdenis maxloblad mdebare omis Sedegad ganadgurebuli erT-erTi sofeli. Semdgom wlebSi organizebul
iqna mravali sxva msgavsi banaki. mogvianebiT am organizacias
„Service Civil International“- i ewoda.
meore msoflio omis Semdeg gaCnda bevri saerTaSoriso
organizacia da iniciativa romlebic moxaliseobis ideas
avrcelebdnen. erT-erTi aseTi organizacia iyo da aris UNESCO
romlis bazazec Seiqmna CCIVS (saerTaSoriso moxaliseobrivi
samsaxuris sakoordinacio komiteti), organizacia romlis
rolic mdgomareobs moxaliseobis mxardaWeraSi da moxaliseobriv organizaciebs Soris TanamSromlobis kordinaciaSi.
amJamad CCIVS aerTianebs daaxloebiT 140 organizacias. pier
seresolis Semdeg am ideis mimdevar adamianTa da organiazacia5
Ta ricxvi Seudareblad gaizarda.
evropis moxaliseobriv moZraobaze didi gavlena moaxdina
evrokavSiris Seqmnam. moxaliseobis erovnuli institutebi
TanamSromlobis mizniT qselebSi erTiandebian, muSaoben erTobliv programebze, atareben promo-aqciebs da xels uwyoben
moxaliseobrivi moZraobis ganviTarebas.
evrokavSiris organoebma aseTi tipis organizaciebis moRvaweobis dasaregulireblad garkveuli direqtivebi SeimuSaves. aseve ganxorcielda sxvadasxva programebi romlebic
mxars uWeren moxaliseobrivi wamowyebebis finansirebas, mag.
EVS (evropuli moxaliseobrivi samsaxuri).
yoveli wlis 5 dekembers aRiniSneba moxaliseobis saerTaSoriso dRe (ing. International Volunteer Day, IVD). dResaswauli daawesa gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciam saerTo krebaze (rezolucia 40/212,1985 wlis 17 dekemberi).
aseve saWiroa vicodeT rom 2001 weli gaerTianebuli erebis
organizaciam saerTaSoriso moxaliseobis wlad daasaxela
xolo 2011 weli evrokomisiam aRiara evropuli moxaliseobis
da sazogadoebrivi aqtiurobis wlad. am gadawyvetilebebis
Sedegad mniSvnelovnad gaizarda moxaliseobis TemasTan dakavSirebuli publikaciebis raodenoba.
poloneTSi moxaliseebi sxvadasxva sferoebSi saqmianoben.
maTi Sexvedra SeiZleba bavSvTa saxlebSi, TavSesafrebSi, socialuri daxmarebis saxlebSi, muzeumebSi, arasamTavrobo organizaciebSi, kulturis centrebsa da sportul organizaciebSi.
mocemuli publikacia moicavs poloneTis centrebis qselis mier SemuSavebul masalebs romlebic moamzada globaluri solidarobis asociaciam, proeqtis farglebSi - „axla
Cveni droa. moxaliseTa qselis Seqmna saqarTveloSi“. proeqti
Tanadafinansebulia poloneTis sagareo saqmeTa saministros
TanamSromlobis ganviTarebis programis farglebSi realizebuli „moxaliseobis mxardaWeris“ programis saxsrebidan.
proeqtis mizania mxari dauWiros saqarTvelos samoqalaqo
sazogadoebis ganviTarebas arasamTavrobo organizaciebis
profesionalizmisa da maTi liderebis codnis gazrdis gziT.
proeqti xorcieldeba saqarTvelos oTx qalaqSi - TbilisSi,
gorSi, quTaissa da zugdidSi da iTvaliswinebs am qalaqebSi
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sakonsultacio punqtebis Seqmnas moxaliseebisaTvis. aRniSnul punqtebSi ganxorcieldeba moxaliseobrivi proeqtebi.
proeqtSi monawileobas iRebs oTxi partnioruli organizacia:
„saqarTvelos karitasi“ Tbilisidan, asociacia „aTinaTi“ zugdididan, „mewarme qalTa fondi“ quTaisidan da sazogadoebrivi
kavSiri „megobrobis xidi - qarTlosi“ goridan.
proeqtis farglebSi lublinis moxaliseTa centris trenerebma moamzades treningebis seria romelTa drosac axalgazrda qarTveli liderebi momzadebas gaivlian moxaliseTa
jgufebTan muSaobis, treningebis organizebisa da sazogadoebis daucvel fenebTan momuSave moxaliseTa jgufebis marTvis
sakiTxebSi.
proeqtis monawileTa mier gamocdilebis urTierTgaziarebis da konsultaciebis platformas warmoadgens “mrgvali
magidis“ Sexvedrebi sadac monawileobas miiReben arasamTavrobo organizaciebis, adgilobrivi xelisuflebis organoebisa da
sportisa da axalgazrdobis saqmeTa saministros warmomadgenlebi.
proeqti aseve iTvaliswinebs saswavlo vizitebs poloneTis
arasamTavrobo organizaciebSi da internet gverdis Seqmnas
romelzec aisaxeba proeqtis RonisZiebebi da ganTavsdeba moxaliseebisaTvis profesiuli kuTxiT saintereso da sasargeblo
masalebi (www.volunteernet.eu).
„globaluri solidarobis asociaciis“ mTavari mizania
gaWirvebuli adamianebis daxmareba humanitaruli RonisZiebis,
ganviTarebisa da ganaTlebis meSveobiT, agreTve nebismieri
saqmianobis ganxorcieleba romelic mimarTuli iqneba adamianis Rirsebis dacvisaken misi dabadebidan gardacvalebamde.
„globaluri solidarobis“ da polonuri“solidarobis“ ideebis Tanaxmad asociacia aRiarebs „Zmobis Zalis“ principebs da
agzavnis Tavis moxaliseebs afrikaSi, kubaSi da saqarTveloSi.
yvela am qveyanaSi adgilobriv organizaciebTan TanamSromlobiT ganxorcielda proeqtebi romelTa farglebSic gadaiWra
TiToeuli sazogadoebisaTvis mniSvnelovani problemebi.
moxaliseTa centrebis qselis Sesaxeb saubari gagrZeldeba
standartebisadmi miZRvnil nawilSi.
renata dobJinska
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Tavi I
moxaliseobrivi saqmianobis maregulirebeli
kanonmdebloba poloneTSi
ZiriTadi dokumenti romelic poloneTSi moxaliseebisa da
moxaliseobrivi organizaciebis saqmianobas aregulirebs aris
kanoni „sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da moxaliseobis Sesaxeb“
(24 aprili 2003 w. ganaxlebuli redaqcia miRebul iqna 2010 wlis
22 ianvars).
yvela organizacia romelic gegmavs moxaliseobrivi programis wamowyebas pirvel rigSi unda gaecnos poloneTSi arsebul regulaciebs sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da moxaliseobis Sesaxeb. kanoni organizaciebsa da pirovnebebs aZlevs
moxaliseobrivi samsaxuris Sesrulebis uflebas da amave dros
acnobs maT TavianT valdebulebebsa da pasuxismgeblobas.
magaliTad moxalises SuZlia:
• imuSaos kanonSi aRniSnuli subieqtebisaTvis (arasamTavrobo da sxva tipis organizaciebi romlebic saqmianoben
sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisaTvis, aseve administraciuli organoebi garda maTi romlebic ekonomikur sferoSi
saqmianoben);
• dados moxaliseobrivi xelSekruleba subieqtTan romlisTvisac muSaobs (samuSaos 30 dRemde xangrZlivobis
SemTxvevaSi SeiZleba daidos zepiri xelSekruleba xolo
30 dReze meti xangrZlivobis SemTxvevaSi ideba werilobiTi xelSekruleba. werilobiTi xelSekruleba SeiZleba
daidos samuSaos 30 dReze naklebi xangrZlivobis SemTxvevaSic Tuki arsebobs Sesabamisi moTxovna moxalisis
mxridan);
• miiRos cnoba mis mier gaweuli samsaxuris Sesaxeb im organizaciidan romlisTvisac moxalise muSaobda (gaweuli samsaxuris tipis miTiTebiT).
dawesebuleba an organizacia, romelic TanamSromlobs moxaliseebTan valdebulia:
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• Seatyobinos moxalises samsaxuris Sesrulebisas janmrTelobasTan da usafrTxoebasTan dakavSirebuli riskis Sesaxeb, aseve miawodos informacia Tu rogor daicvas Tavi
aseTi safrTxisagan;
• moxalisis Txovnis Tanaxmad gasces Sesrulebuli samsaxuris damatasturebeli cnoba;
• uzrunvelyos moxalise usafrTxo da higienuri samuSao
pirobebiT, agreTve saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi uzrunvelyos
individualuri usafrTxoebis saSualebebiT;
• iseve rogorc sxva TanamSromlebs, aunazRauros moxalises
samsaxurebrivi movaleobebis SesrulebasTan dakavSirebuli samgzavro da dRiuri xarjebi. kanoni iTvaliswinebs am
xarjebis dafarvaze moxalisis mier uaris Tqmis SesaZleblobas Tuki moxalisem werilobiT Seatyobina damsaqmebels msgavsi gadawyvetilebis Sesaxeb;
• acnobos moxaliseebs maTi valdebulebebisa da uflebebis
Sesaxeb;
• 30 dRemde vadiT momuSave moxaliseebi uzrunvelyos dazRveviT ubeduri SemTxvevebisagan.
moxalises unda gaaCndes kvalifikacia da akmayofilebdes
Sesabamis moTxovnebs samsaxuris SesrulebisaTvis Tu es gaTvaliswinebulia calkeul sakanonmdeblo aqtebSi.
xelSekrulebaSi miTiTebuli periodis ganmavlobaSi moxalisem keTilsindisierad unda Seasrulos davalebebi romlebic
mas ekisreba.
moxalisesTan dadebuli xelSekruleba unda Seicavdes iseT
aucilebel elementebs rogorebicaa movaleobebi da samsaxuris Sesrulebis dro. amas SeiZleba daematos cnobis gacemis
SesaZlebloba da moxalisis mier mgzavrobis xarjebis anazRaurebaze uaris Tqmis damadasturebeli sabuTi.
vis exmarebian moxaliseebi?
kanoni „sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da moxaliseobis Sesaxeb“ dawvrilebiT aRwers organizaciebs sadac moxalises SeuZlia muSaoba. upirveles yovlisa esenia arakomerciuli subieqtebi romlebic ar muSaoben Semosavlis gazrdis mizniT.
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moxaliseoba SesaZlebelia Semdeg subieqtebSi:
1) arasamTavrobo organizaciebi
arasamTavrobo organizaciebi (ing. Non-Governmental Organizations an NGO) moxaliseobrivi samsaxuris yvelaze aqtiuri momxmareblebi arian da Sesabamisad yvelaze ufro gaxsnilebi arian
maTdami. am organizaciebs ganekuTvneba sxvadasxva asociaciebi
da fondebi, profesiuli kavSirebi, politikuri partiebi, damsaqmebelTa kavSirebi, sportuli klubebi, moxalise mexanZreTa
sadgurebi, poloneTis wiTeli jvari da sxva.
2) religiuri organizaciebi
religiur organizaciebs ganekuTvneba yvela is iuridiuli
piri da erTeuli romelic moRvaweobs Semdegi sakanonmdeblo
aqtebis Tanaxmad:
- poloneTis respublikis mier kaTolikuri eklesiisadmi
midgomis Sesaxeb;
- sxva eklesiebisa da religiuri gaerTianebebisadmi poloneTis respublikis midgomis Sesaxeb;
- sindisisa da religiis Tavisuflebis garantiis Sesaxeb.
eklesiebs da religiur jgufebs religiur kultTan dakavSirebuli saqmianobis garda agreTve SeuZliaT saqvelmoqmedo, mzrunvelobiTi, saganmanaTleblo da aRmzrdelobiTi samuSaoebis Catareba. maT kompetenciaSi agreTve
SeiZleba Sediodes sazogadoebriv paTologiebTan brZola.
religiur organizaciebs sakuTari saqmianobis farglebSi
SeuZliaT isargeblon moxaliseebis daxmarebiT. aseTi organizaciebis magaliTebia - kaTolikuri „karitasi“ (Caritas), evangelisturi „diakonia“ (Diakonia) da marTlmadidebluri „eleosi“ (Eleos).
3) adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis erTeulebis asociaciebi
poloneTis adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis erTeulebs - savoevodoebs, poviatebs da gminebs (Seesabameba qarTul regions,
raions da Tems) SeuZliaT asociaciebis (kavSirebis) daarseba
saerTo miznebis realizaciisaTvis, mag. gminebis asociacia an
qalaqTa kavSiri.
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4) socialuri kooperativebi
socialuri kooperativi aris socialuri sawarmos specifikuri forma. socialuri kooperativebi iqmneba upirveles yovlisa im adamianebisaTvis romlebsac siRaribis, SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis an fsiqikuri daavadebebis gamo umuSevroba emuqrebaT.
maTTvis samsaxuris moZebna did siZneles warmoadgens. socialur
kooperativebSi muSaoba maT sazogadoebrivi da profesiuli aqtivobis, integraciisa da kvalifikaciis amaRlebis Sanss aZlevT.
5) SezRuduli pasuxismgeblobis da saaqcio sazogadoebebi
moxaliseoba SesaZlebelia mxolod im Sps-ebsa da saaqcio
sazogadoebebSi romlebic ar muSaoben finansuri sargeblis
mopovebis mizniT, romelTa Semosavali ar nawildeba damfuZneblebsa da TanamSromlebs Soris da TavianT mogebas srulad
gaiReben wesdebiT gaTvaliswinebuli miznebis misaRwevad. yvela es piroba aRwerili unda iyos aseTi organizaciebis wesdebaSi da zedmiwevniT unda sruldebodes, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi
moxaliseoba am subieqtebSi ar aris SesaZlebeli.
6) sportuli klubebi
moxaliseoba SesaZlebelia mxolod im sportul klubebSi
romlebic ar muSaoben finansuri sargeblis miRebis mizniT,
romelTa Semosavali ar nawildeba damfuZnebelTa da TanamSromlebs Soris da TavianT mogebas srulad gadascemen wesdebiT gaTvaliswinebuli miznebis misaRwevad. yvela es piroba
aRwerili unda iyos aseTi sportuli klubebis wesdebaSi da
zedmiwevniT unda sruldebodes, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi moxaliseoba am subieqtebSi ar aris SesaZlebeli.
7) administraciuli organoebi
administraciul organoebs warmoadgens yvela saxelmwifo
dawesebuleba da TviTmmarTveloba, mag. saministroebi, savoevodo uwyebebi, poviatebs TviTmmarTvelobebi, gminebis TviTmmarTvelobebi, qalaqebis meriebi da sxva. zogierTi am organos
saqmianoba finansur sargebels iTvaliswinebs, amitomac moxaliseoba aseT dawesebulebebSi mxolod arakomerciul dargSia
SesaZlebeli.
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8) administraciis daqvemdebarebaSi myofi erTeulebi
moxaliseoba SesaZlebelia sajaro administraciis daqvemdebarebaSi myof an kontrolirebad organoebSi, komerciuli
seqtoris gamonaklisiT.
sajaro administracias SeuZlia daafuZnos, daafinansos
da akontrolos sxva sajaro erTeulebi, magaliTad muzeumi,
biblioTeka, Teatri, skola, sabavSvo baRi, dRis an socialuri
zrunvis centri.
9) samedicino subieqtebi
samedicino subieqtebs warmoadgenen erTeulebi romlebic
ewevian mosaxleobis samedicino momsaxurebas. moxaliseobrivi
saqmianoba SeiZleba ganxorcieldes nebismier samedicino organizaciaSi miuxedavad misi tipisa (sajaro, kerZo an sxva raime
tipis samedicino organizacia).
samedicino moxaliseoba SesaZlebelia im SemTxvevaSi Tuki
aseTi daxmareba xorcieldeba jandacvis obieqtebSi (saavadmyofoebi, poliklinikebi, ambulatoriebi da a. S.), TavSesafrebSi, sareabilitacio centrebSi da agreTve jandacvis promoaqciebis dros.
SeuZliaT Tu ara moxaliseebs daexmaron uSualod gaWirvebulebs Tu es daxmareba mxolod organizaciebisa da dawesebulebebis SuamavlobiTaa SesaZlebeli?
kanonSi aRniSnulia, rom moxaliseoba warmoadgens adamianis (moxalisis) saqmianobas romelic mimarTulia konkretuli
subieqtis (organizaciis an dawesebulebis) mxardasaWerad. SeiZleba vifiqroT rom moxaliseobis aseTi definicia aZnelebs
gaWirvebulebis mxardaWeras, magram es ase ar aris.
unda gvaxsovdes rom sazogadoebrivi organizaciebi da
dawesebulebebi muSaoben sazogadoebisaTvis da miiltvian im
miznebis Sesrulebisaken romlebisTvisac es subieqtebi Camoyalibda. moxalises SeuZlia daexmaros:
• im organizaciis TanamSromlebs, ronelSic muSaobs,
• beneficiarebs, anu im organizaciis momxmareblebs,
romelSic muSaobs.
kanonis is formulireba romelic xazs usvams aucile12
blobas rom moxalise unda muSaobdes subieqtisTvis romelic gaWirvebulebs exmareba, Tavis TavSi mniSvnelovan
ideas moicavs: aseTi struqtura uzrunvelyofs moxaliseobrivi saqmianobis kontrolsa da zedamxedvelobas, koordinatoris mxardaWeras da zogadad moxaliseobis gamarTul
funqcionirebas. garda amisa es struqtura garkveuli usafrTxoebis garantiasac qmnis rogorc moxalisis, agreTve
misi beneficiarisTvis.
qvemoT gTavazobT kanonis Targmans (kanoni „sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da moxaliseobis Sesaxeb“) romelic moxaliseobriv saqmianobas exeba.
2003 wlis 24 aprils miRebuli kanoni
„sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa
da moxaliseobis Sesaxeb“
Tavi I
zogadi debulebani
muxli 1.
1. kanoni aregulirebs Semdeg sakiTxebs:
1) arasamTavrobo organizaciebis saqmianoba sazogadoebrivi sargeblobis dargSi. agreTve administraciuli organoebis
arasamTavrobo organizaciebTan TanamSromloba;
2) arasamTavrobo organizaciebisaTvis sazogadoebrivi
sargeblobis organizaciis statusis miniWeba da sazogadoebrivi sargeblobis organizaciebis saqmianoba;
3) sazogadoebrivi sargeblobis RonisZiebebis kontroli;
4) sazogadoebrivi sargeblobis organizaciebis sabWoebis
Seqmna da funqcionireba.
2. kanoni agreTve aregulirebs moxaliseTa Sromis pirobebs da gaweuli momsaxurebis adresatTa mier am momsaxurebis
miRebis SesaZleblobebs.
(...)
13
muxli 3.
(...)
3. sazogadoebrivi sargeblobis saqmianobis Catareba SeuZliaT Semdeg subieqtebs:
1) iuridiul pirebs da organizaciebs Tu maTi sawesdebo
saqmianoba ukavSirdeba sazogadoebriv sargeblobas da im erTeulebs romlebic moRvaweoben Semdegi aqtebis Tanaxmad:
- sakanonmdeblo aqti poloneTis respublikis mier saxelmwifos kaTolikuri eklesiisadmi midgomis Sesaxeb;
- sakanonmdeblo aqti sxva eklesiebisa da religiuri gaerTianebebisadmi saxelmwifos midgomis Sesaxeb;
- sakanonmdeblo aqti sindisisa da religiis Tavisuflebis
garantiis Sesaxeb.
2) adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis asociaciebs;
3) socialur kooperativebs;
4) saaqcio sazogadoebebs, SezRuduli pasuxismgeblobis
sazogadoebebs, aseve sportul klubebs romelTa saqmianobasac
aregulirebs 2010 wlis 25 ivniss miRebuli „kanoni sportis Sesaxeb“ (sakanonmdeblo aqti N 127, p. 857, cvlilebebiT), romelTa
saqmianoba ar aris dakavSirebuli finansur mogebasTan xolo
mTliani Semosavali xmardeba wesdebiT gaTvaliswinebuli
davalebebis realizacias da ar xdeba Semosavlis gadanawileba
aqcionerTa da TanamSromelTa Soris.
(...)
Tavi II
moxaliseoba
muxli 42.
1. am kanonis Tanaxmad moxalises SeuZlia Seasrulos sazogadoebrivi sargeblobis saqmianoba Semdegi subieqtebisaTvis:
1) arasamTavrobo organizaciebisa da me-3 muxlis me-3
punqtSi CamoTvlili subieqtebisaTvis maTi sawesdebo saqmianobis farglebSi, gansakuTrebiT sazogadoebisaTvis sasargeblo saqmianobis dargSi komerciuli saqmianobis gamonaklisiT.
14
2) sajaro administraciis organoebisaTvis, garda komerciuli saqmianobisa.
3) sajaro administraciis struqturaSi myofi an mis mier
kontrolirebadi organizaciebisaTvis komerciuli saqmianobis gamonaklisiT.
4)
samedicino
dawesebulebebisaTvis
(SemdomSi
„momxmareblebi“-saTvis) Sesabamisi samedicino saqmianobis da
sakanonmdeblo aqtebis Tanaxmad
2. winamdebare Tavi aregulirebs poloneTis respublikis
teritoriaze moxaliseebis saqmianobas saerTaSoriso organizaciebisaTvis Tu aRniSnuli saqmianoba ar ewinaaRmdegeba
saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebs.
3. asociaciis wevrs SeuZlia moxaliseobrivi moRvaweoba
sakuTari asociaciisaTvis (romelSic dasaqmebulia).
muxli 43.
moxalise romelsac gaaCnia
Sesabamisi
kvalifikacia
unda akmayofilebdes mocemuli saqmianobisaTvis aucilebel moTxovnebs im SemTxvevaSi Tu es aris gaTvaliswinebuli
calkeul aqtebSi.
muxli 44.
1. moxalise valdebulia ganaxorcielos Tavisi saqmianoba
damsaqmebelTan dadebuli SeTanxmebis pirobebis Tanaxmad. SeTanxmeba unda iTvaliswinebdes misi gauqmebis SesaZleblobas.
2. moxalisis TxovnisTanave damsaqmebeli valdebulia werilobiT daadasturos SeTanxmebaSi Setanili pirobebis Sinaarsi
romlebic aRniSnulia 1-el muxlSi. damsaqmebeli agreTve valdebulia gasces cnoba moxalisis mier Sesrulebul saqmianobis
Sesaxeb.
3. moxalisis Txovnis Tanaxmad damsaqmebels SeuZlia gasces
cnoba moxalisis mier Sesrulebuli saqmianobis Sesaxeb (daxasiaTeba).
4. Tu ki moxalisis mier Sesrulebuli saqmianobis vada aRemateba 30 dRes, moxalises da damsaqmeblis Soris unda daidos
werilobiTi SeTanxmeba.
15
5. sakiTxebi, romlebic ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli dadebul
SeTanxmebaSi, regulirdeba samoqalaqo kodeqsiT (1964 w. 23
aprilis redaqcia).
Tavi III
muxli 45.
1. damsaqmebeli valdebulia:
1) gaacnos moxalises informacia im savaraudo riskis Sesaxeb
romelic SeiZleba dakavSirebuli iyos micemuli davalebebis
SesrulebasTan. damsaqmebeli agreTve valdebulia gaacnos
moxalises usafrTxoebis wesebi.
2) Seuqmnas moxalises usafrTxo da higienuri samuSao pirobebi (romlebzec calkeul debulebebSia saubari), aRWurvos
igi individualuri damcavi saSualebebiT - saqmianobis xasiaTis da savaraudo saSiSroebis gaTvaliswinebiT.
3) aunazRauros mivlinebis (mgzavrobis, kvebis) xarjebi
calkeul aqtebSi Setanili pirobebis Sesabamisad.
2. damsaqmebels SeuZlia aanazRauros calkeuli debulebebiT gaTvaliswinebuli xarjebi romlebic moxalisem davalebis
Sesrulebis procesSi gaswia.
3. damsaqmebels SeuZlia dafaros moxaliseTa kvalifikaciis amaRlebis kursebis xarjebi, im SemTxvevaSi Tuki es piroba
Sesulia damsaqmebelTan dadebul SeTanxmebaSi romelzec 44-e
muxlis 1-el punqtSia saubari.
4. moxalises SeuZlia werilobiT ganacxados sruli an nawilobrivi uari damsaqmeblis valdebulebebze romlebzec saubaria winamdebare muxlis 1-eli punqtis me-3 qvepunqtSi.
muxli 46.
1. moxalises SeuZlia isargeblos sajaro TanxebiT gaweuli
samedicino daxmarebiT Sesabamis sakanonmdeblo aqtebSi aRniSnuli pirobebis safuZvelze.
2. 42-e muxlSi aRniSnuli saqmianobis Sesrulebis dros momxdari ubeduri SemTxvevisas calkeuli sakanonmdeblo aqtebis
Tanaxmad moxalises ekuTvnis daxmareba an 46-e muxlis me-3 punqtSi aRniSnuli dazRveva.
16
3. damsaqmebeli valdebulia ubeduri SemTxevebisagan
daazRvios moxaliseebi romelTa dasaqmebis vada 30 dReze naklebia.
4. Tu moxalises da damsaqmebels Soris dadebuli SeTanxmeba
iTvaliswinebs saqmianobis Sesrulebas sazRvargareT - qveyanaSi romlis teritoriazec xdeba SeiaraRebuli konfliqti
an stiqiuri ubedureba, damsaqmebeli valdebulia daazRvios
moxalise ubeduri SemTxvevebisgan da agreTve uzrunvelyos
igi samedicino dazRveviT romelic iTvaliswinebs mkurnalobas sazRvargareT yofnis dros. iseT SemTxvevebSi rodesac am
xarjebs iTvaliswinebs romelime sxva sakanonmdeblo aqti (maT
Soris 2004 wlis 27 agvistos miRebuli kanoni „samedicino daxmarebis sajaro TanxebiT dafinansebis Sesaxeb“) me-2 da me-3 punqtebi ar moqmedeben.
5. Tu moxalises da damsaqmebels Soris dadebuli SeTanxmeba iTvaliswinebs saqmianobis Sesrulebas sazRvargareT
- qveyanaSi romlis teritoriaze ar xdeba SeiaraRebuli konfliqti an stiqiuri ubedureba, damsaqmebeli valdebulia
daazRvios moxalise ubeduri SemTxvevebisgan da agreTve uzrunvelyos igi samedicino dazRveviT romelic iTvaliswinebs
mkurnalobas sazRvargareT yofnis dros. im SemTxvevaSi Tu
am xarjebs iTvaliswinebs romelime sxva sakanonmdeblo aqti
(maT Soris 2004 wlis 27 agvistos miRebuli kanoni „samedicino daxmarebis sajaro TanxebiT dafinansebis Sesaxeb“) me-2
punqti ar moqmedebs.
6. damsaqmebels SeuZlia daazRvios moxalise samoqalaqo pasuxismgeblobisagan misi moxaliseobrivi saqmianobis farglebSi.
muxli 47.
damsaqmebeli valdebulia gaacnos moxalises misi uflebebi
da pasuxismgebloba da uzrunvelyos am informaciis xelmisawvdomoba.
muxli 48.
Tu damsaqmebels da moxalises Soris dadebuli SeTanxmeba
romelzec saubaria 42-e muxlis pirveli punqtis me-2 da me-3
qvepunqtebSi iTvaliswinebs moxalisis sazRvargareT gagzavnas
17
moxaliseobrivi saqmianobis mizniT poloneTis mier dadebuli
saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebis safuZvelze, moxalises unazRaurdeba msgavsi xelSekrulebebiT gaTvaliswinebuli xarjebi
Tu mocemuli saerTaSoriso xelSekruleba ar aregulirebs am
sakiTxs sxvagvarad.
muxli 49.
45-e muxlis 1-el da me-3 punqtebSi da agreTve 46-e muxlis
me-3 da me-6 punqtebSi aRniSnuli xarjebi niSnavs:
1) arasamTavrobo organizaciebis da me-3 muxlis me-3 punqtSi aRniSnuli subieqtebis wesdebiT gaTvaliswinebuli saqmianobis samomxmareblo xarjebs,
2) samomxmareblo xarjebs, romlebic aRniSnulia 42-e muxlis
1-eli punqtis me-2 da me-3 qvepunqtebSi.
muxli 50.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis da sagadasaxado kanonis Tanaxmad
moxalisis mier gaweuli samuSaos Rirebuleba ar warmoadgens
Semowirulobas momxmareblisaTvis.
muxli 50a.
ministrTa sabWo administraciuli organoebisa da adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis erTeulebisgan miRebuli informaciis safuZvelze or weliwadSi erTxel poloneTis respublikis
seims da senats warudgens angariSgebas kanonis moqmedebis Sesaxeb. angariSis wardgena xdeba araugvianes saangariSo periodis
momdevno wlis 30 seqtembrisa.
muxli 50b.
1. is piri vinc araswor informacias miawvdis sajaro administraciis organos, fizikur an iuridiul pirs romelime arasamTavrobo organizaciis, me-3 muxlis me-3 punqtSi aRniSnuli
subieqtebis an sxva romelime organizaciis statusis Sesaxeb da
Seatyobinebs maT rom mocemuli organizacia aris sazogadoebrivi sargeblobis organizacia (maSin rodesac igi realurad
aseTi ar aris) daeqvemdebareba fulad jarimas.
18
2. winamdebare muxlis 1-el punqtSi aRniSnul sakiTxebTan
dakavSirebuli daskvnis gamotana xdeba 2001 wlis 24 agvistos
miRebuli qcevis kodeqsis safuZvelze (kanoni # 133, punqti
848, 2008 wlis cvlilebebiT).
dokumentebi romlebic moxalisisa da organizaciis
TanamSromlobas aregulireben
nimuSi - xelSekruleba moxaliseobrivi samuSaos Sesrulebis Sesaxeb1
dadebulia.....................(TariRi).......................................(adgili)
SeTanxmebis mxareebi:
.................................................................................................,
iuridiuli misamarTi.......................................................
saregistracio # ...............................................................
romelsac warmoadgens ......................................................................
SemdgomSi wodebuli „damsaqmeblad”
da
...................................................................................................................
piradobis mowmobis nomeri ..............., piradi nomeri ..................
................., mcxovrebi ..................................................................................
..............................................,
SemdgomSi wodebuli „moxalised”
Sesavali
damsaqmebeli acxadebs, rom warmoadgens subieqts, romlisTvisac SeiZleba muSaobdes moxalise 2003 wlis 24 aprils
miRebuli kanonis „sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da moxaliseobis Sesaxeb„ (2010 w. N 234, p. 1536 cvlilebebiT) 42-e muxlis p.1
Sesabamisad.
1. nimuSi momzadebulia Semdegi kanonis safuZvelze - 2003 w. 24 aprils miRebuli „kanoni sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da moxaliseobis Sesaxeb“ (2010 w. N
234, p. 1536 cvlilebebiT)
19
moxalise acxadebs, rom mas gaaCnia Sesabamisi kvalifikacia da akmayofilebs mocemuli saqmianobis SesrulebisaTvis
aucilebel pirobebs.
moxaliseobidan gamomdinare, romlis arss warmoadgens davalebebis nebayoflobiTi da anazRaurebis gareSe Sesruleba da
agreTve moxalisis sxva humanitaruli xasiaTis saqmianoba, mxareebi Tanxmdebian:
§1
1. damsaqmebeli asaqmebs moxalises, romelic nebayoflobiT asrulebs Semdeg davalebebs:
....................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
.................................................................
2. 1 muxlSi CamoTvlili saqmianoba unda Sesruldes Semdegi TanamSromlebis TandaswrebiT2 ....................................................
aRniSnuli wesiT:
....................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................
§2
1. 1 muxlis § 1 Tanaxmad mxareebi Tanxmdebian moxaliseobrivi saqmianobis Sesrulebaze ...................... dan ....................... mde.
2. moxaliseobis Sesrulebis adgilia: ............................................
§3
moxaliseobis xasiaTidan da arsidan gamomdinare:
1) moxalise valdebulia Seasrulos SeTanxmebuli samuSao
piradad.
2) moxalise Sesrulebuli samuSaosTvis ar Rebulobs anazRaurebas.
§4
1. damsaqmebeli valdebulia ufasod uzrunvelyos moxalise
20
2. aRniSnuli piroba ar aris savaldebulo
davalebis SesrulebisaTvis saWiro higienuri saSualebebiT.
2. damsaqmebeli moxalises gadascems davalebis Sesasruleblad aucilebel usafrTxoebis saSualebebs: 3
....................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
§ 54
damsaqmebeli valdebulia aunazRauros moxalises moxaliseobrivi davalebebis Sesasruleblad aucilebeli xarjebi Semdegi wesiT:
....................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
§65
damsaqmebeli valdebulia daazRvios moxalise ubeduri SemTxvevebisagan.
§7 6
damsaqmebeli valdebulia uzrunvelyos moxalise samedicino dazRveviT SeTanxmebis dadebis dRidan misi moqmedebis
dasrulebamde.
§8 7
damsaqmebeli unazRaurebs moxalises mivlinebis (mgzavrobis, kvebis) xarjebs calkeuli regulaciebis pirobebis Sesabamisad.
§9
moxalise valdebulia daicvas konfidencialuroba moxaliseobriv saqmianobasTan dakavSirebul da damsaqmeblis gasaidumloebul informaciasTan mimarTebaSi, gansakuTrebiT Semdeg
sferoebSi:
3. m. 2 ar aris savaldebulo - „kanoni sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da moxaliseobis Sesaxeb“, 45 muxlis 1 da 2 p.
4. piroba ar aris savaldebulo - „kanoni sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da
moxaliseobis Sesaxeb“, 45 muxlis 2.
5. piroba ar aris savaldebulo - „kanoni sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da
moxaliseobis Sesaxeb“, 45 muxlis 2.
6.
piroba ar aris savaldebulo - „kanoni sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da
moxaliseobis Sesaxeb“, 46 muxlis 1 p.
7.
moxalises SeuZlia werilobiT ganacxados sruli an nawilobrivi uari
damsaqmeblis valdebulebebze.
21
1)...........................................................................................................;
2)...........................................................................................................;
3)............................................................................................................
§ 10
1. SeTanxmebis moqmedeba SeiZleba Sewyvetil iqnas .... dRiT
adre gakeTebuli gafrTxilebis SemTxvevaSi nebismieri mxaris
iniciativiT.
2. mniSvnelovani mizezebis SemTxvevaSi SeTanxmebis moqmedeba SeiZleba Sewyvetil iqnas winaswari gafrTxilebis gareSe.
3. mniSvnelovan mizezad iTvleba:
1) ...............................................................................................................;
2) ...............................................................................................................;
3) ...............................................................................................................;
§ 11
zaralis miyenebis SemTxvevaSi mxareebi pasuxs ageben samoqalaqo kodeqsis Sesabamisi regulaciebis safuZvelze.
§ 12
im sakiTxebs romlebsac ar iTvaliswinebs „kanoni sazogadoebrivi sargeblobisa da moxaliseobis Sesaxeb“ an dadebuli
SeTanxmeba aregulirebs samoqalaqo kodeqsi.
§ 13
SeTanxmebaSi nebismieri cvlilebis Setana xdeba werilobiT
formiT.
§ 14
winamdebare SeTanxmebis pirobebis realizaciisas warmoqmnili SeuTanxmeblobis SemTxvevaSi mxareebi valdebulni arian
miiRon erToblivi gadawyvetileba molaparakebis safuZvelze.
uSedego molaparakebis SemTxvevaSi saqme gairCeva damsaqmeblis iuridiuli misamarTis Sesabamisi sasamarTlos meSveobiT.
22
§ 15
1. xelSekruleba Sedgenilia or egzemplarad, orive mxares
gadaecema TiTo egzemplari.
2. moxalisis TxovnisTanave damsaqmebeli valdebulia werilobiT gasces cnoba moxalisis mier Sesrulebul saqmianobis
Sesaxeb. cnobaSi unda iyos aRniSnuli moxaliseobrivi saqmianobis xasiaTi (dargi).
damsaqmebeli
damsaqmebeli
moxalise
(qalaqi)…… ...........................(TariRi) .........................
cnoba
moxalisis mier Sesrulebuli saqmianobis Sesaxeb
moxalise … ..................................................
damsaqmebeli ..................................................
winamdebare cnoba adasturebs rom ............................ (saxeli da
gvari) dabadebuli .… ...........…… (TariRi) .… … ..........(adgili), mcxovrebi… … …(misamarTi), muSaobs moxalised ........................ (TariRi) dadebuli SeTanxmebis safuZvelze # .............. moxaliseobrivi saqmianobis Sesaxeb.
nawili pirveli: savaldebulo informacia romelic damsaqmebelma unda aRniSnos cnobaSi
1. batoni/qalbatoni…….............. moxalised muSaobda.............. -dan
............. -mde nebayoflobiT da anazRaurebis gareSe .........................
(sad?) .........................................(romeli subieqtisTvis).
nawili meore: savaldebulo informacia-daxasiaTeba 44-e
muxlis me-3 punqtis Sesabamisad romelic damsaqmebelma unda
aRniSnos cnobaSi moxalisis Txovnis Tanaxmad
23
2. moxalisis movaleobebSi Sedioda:
- ..................................................................................,
- ..................................................................................,
- ..................................................................................,
- ..................................................................................,
aRniSnul davalebebs moxalise asrulebda ................. …(saaTi)
mesame nawili: ar aris savaldebulo, ivseba moxalisis Txovnis safuZvelze - damatebiTi informacia romelic moxalisis
Txovnis safuZvelze damsaqmebelma unda aRniSnos cnobaSi
3. batoni/qalbatoni ….. moxaliseobriv saqmianobas eweoda .......
.............................................(swavlis/ profesiuli aqtiurobis/umuSevrobis periodSi).
4. batoni/qalbatoni............................................ moxaliseobriv
saqmianobas eweoda winamdebare cnobis gamcemi damsaqmeblis
dakveTiT:
- mudmivad,
- pirvelad,
- aqciebis Catarebis dros ........,
- sxva*
5. moxalise saqmianobis periodSi gamoirCeoda Semdegi unarCvevebiT:
- saorganizacio,
- menejeruli,
- interpersonaluri, sakomunikacio,
- inovaciuri,
- sxva *
6. moxalisis vrceli daxasiaTeba:
…...................................................................................................
…...................................................................................................
…...................................................................................................
meoTxe nawili: ar aris savaldebulo - informacia romelic
damsaqmebels SeuZlia aRniSnos cnobaSi
24
7. cnoba gaicema moxalisis Txovnis safuZvelze damsaqmeblis mier.
uflebamosili piris xelmowera
* arasaWiro waiSalos
moxalisis eTikuri qartia
• Sevasruleb yvela davalebas romlebic me damekisreba.
• aravis Sevpirdebi imas ris Sesrulebasac ver SevZleb.
• iseT SemTxvevaSi rodesac ver vaxerxeb davalebis Sesrulebas, Sevatyobineb moxaliseebis koordinators.
• davicav konfidencialurobas pirad sakiTxebSi, Tavs Sevikaveb qcevisgan romelic SesaZloa arasworad iqnas gagebuli.
• viqnebi mzad axali ideebisa da saqmianobis sxvadasxva xerxebisaTvis.
• gamoviyeneb axali codnis mopovebis an sxva adamianis ganswavlis SesaZleblobebs.
• ar gavakritikeb imas rac ar mesmis.
• vikiTxav imis Sesaxeb rac ar mesmis.
• vimuSaveb gundurad.
• viqnebi iseTi adamiani romelzec SeiZleba dayrdnoba.
• ukeTesad vimuSaveb, kmayofilebis grZnobiT Sevasruleb
dakisrebul movaleobebs.
• siamovnebiT viswavli radgan vici rom swavla kargad Sesrulebuli samuSaos ganuyofeli nawilia.
• monawileobas miviReb savaldebulo SexvedrebSi.
• vecdebi viyo Zalian kargi moxalise.
25
II Tavi
muSaoba moxaliseebTan, moxaliseoba poloneTSi moxaliseobrivi samsaxuris axleburi xedva
moxaliseoba guSin da dRes
poloneTSi arsebobs moxaliseobrivi samsaxuris, urTierTdaxmarebisa da gaWirvebuli adamianebis mxardaWeris mravalwlovani tradicia. adre maT vinc msgavs sferos emsaxureboda
aqtivistebs an altruistebs eZaxdnen. termini „moxalise“
enaSi damkvidrebuli ar iyo. sityva moxalise (laT. voluntarius =
nebayoflobiTi) polonur enaSi adrec iyo cnobili magram igi
niSnavda praqtikants romelic profesiis kargad dauflebis
mizniT anazRaurebis gareSe muSaobda anda moxalise jariskacs.
Cven gvainteresebs ufro farTo sazogadoebrivi konteqsti
romelsac moicavs moxaliseobis mravalwlovani tradiciis
mqone qveynebSi miRebuli es termini.
Tu gvsurs cneba „moxalisis“ misi axali mniSvnelobiT damkvidreba, aucilebelia davakonkretoT Tu ras niSnavs moxaliseoba da ra niSan-Tvisebebi gaaCnia moxaliseobriv samsaxurs.
moxaliseobis definicia
Cveni treningebis dros monawileebTan erTad vmsjelobdiT
imaze Tu sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis romel sferoebSi saqmianoben moxaliseebi. yvelaze xSiri pasuxi iyo: moxaliseebi yovelTvis saqmianoben iq sadac amis saWiroebaa, ara marto socialuri daxmarebis sferoSi aramed sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis da
bunebis dacvis yvela segmentSi.
Cvens mier SemuSavebuli moxaliseobis definicia Semdegnairad JRers: uangaro, gaazrebuli, nebayoflobiTi muSaoba sxvis sakeTildReod megobruli an naTesauri kavSirebis farglebs gareT. moxalised SeiZleba nebismieri adamiani muSaobdes
sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis nebismier sferoSi, yvelgan iq sadac
aseTi mocemuli daxmarebaa saWiro. Tumca, unda gvaxsovdes
rom yvela moxalise ar aris Sesabamisi nebismieri samsaxurisaTvis.
ar SeiZleba moxaliseoba davarqvaT nebismier refleqsur
26
qcevas an qcevas romelic aRzrdidan, tradiciebidan aris
gamomdinare. Tu ase SevxedavT maSin gamova rom meuRle romelic ojaxisTvis sayidlebze nebayoflobiT dadis aris moxalise. imisaTvis rom Tavidan aviridoT moxaliseobis araswori gageba, aucilebelia moxaliseobis definicias davumatoT
es pirobac - „megobruli an naTesauri kavSirebis farglebs
gareT“. Cven ra Tqma unda vzrunavT sakuTari ojaxis wevrebze, vexmarebiT megobrebs magram ara imitom, rom moxaliseebi varT.
vis SeuZlia iyos moxalise?
am kiTxvas xSirad ase pasuxoben: moxalise SeiZleba iyos
nebismieri srulwlovani, Wkviani, pasuxismgebeli, adamiani
romelic fsiqikurad janmrTeli da Sesabamisi kompetenciebis mqonea. moxalise Segnebulad unda saqmianobdes sxvaTa sakeTildReod. SegnebulobaSi igulisxmeba janmrTeli
fsiqikuri mdgomareoba romelic zrdasrul pirovnebas sakuTari sazogadoebisaTvis pozitiuri saqmianobis saSualebas
aZlevs. agreTve unda aRiniSnos rom ra Tqma unda yvelas ar
SeuZlia nebismier organizaciaSi muSaoba. es damokidebulia
mocemuli programis saWiroebebze da moxalisis pirad SesaZleblobebze.
ra piradi Tvisebebi unda gaaCndes moxalises? am kiTxvaze
pasuxi uamrav winaaRmdegobriv mosazrebas badebs da xSirad
iwvevs mwvave diskusias Cveni treningebis dros. xSir SemTxvevaSi saxeldeba Semdegi Tvisebebi: gaxsniloba, empaTiuroba,
uangaroba, TanamSromlobis unari, nebayoflobiToba, profesiuloba, Tavganwirva, tolerantoba, Zlieri motivacia da sxva.
es imas niSnavs, rom molodini moxalisis mimarT udidesia. mas
Cven warmovidgenT, rogorc gansakuTrebul, idealur pirovnebas. meore mxriv, praqtikaSi aseTi midgoma migviyvanda utopiamde da ar mogvcemda moxaliseebTan Sedegiani TanamSromlobis saSualebas. ra Tqma unda potenciur moxalises SeiZleba
gaaCndes zogierTi aRniSnuli Tviseba magram yvela am Tvisebis
matarebeli adamianis povna ra Tqma unda Znelia. CamoTvlili
Tvisebebidan yvelaze mniSvnelovnad mainc nebayoflobiTobas
da uangarobas vTvliT.
27
ris gakeTeba SeuZlia moxalises?
miuxedavad imisa Tu ramdenad didi gamocdileba aqvs ganakveTze dasaqmebul TanamSromels, adamianis codna mainc SezRudulia. xSir SemTxvevaSi TanamSromlebs msgavsi codna aqvT
da erTsa da imave asakobriv jgufs ekuTvnian. am TvalsazrisiT
moxaliseebs gansxvavebuli elementi SemoaqvT samsaxurSi. amitom Rirs vizrunoT imaze rom davalebas asrulebdnen gansxvavebuli asakis, gamocdilebis, profesiis, unarebis mqone moxaliseebi romlebsac samuSaos SesrulebaSi axali perspeqtivebi
SemoaqvT.
moxalisis samuSaos organizeba da Sesruleba profesionaluri unda iyos. aseTi ganxcxadeba zogs zedmetad pretenziuli
SeiZleba moeCvenos radganac msgavs saqmianobas samuSaod ar
Tvlian (vinaidan Semosavali ar moaqvs) da arc moxalises aRiqvamen profesionalad. dResdReobiT moxaliseobrivi saqmianobis sferoSi siaxles warmoadgens is rom moxaliseebi SeiZleba
asrulebdnen nebismieri xasiaTis samuSaos da ara marto martiv
samuSaos romelic ar moiTxovs specialur, profesionalur
momzadebas. moxalise SeiZleba iyos ara marto damxmare, aRmzrdeli, socialuri muSaki aramed igi aseve SeiZleba iyos maswavlebeli, informatikis specialisti, politikosi, inJineri,
grafikosi romelic sxvebs exmareba sakuTari codnisa da gamocdilebis safuZvelze.
rodesac kiTxuloben, Tu ratom unda asaqmebdes organizacia moxaliseebs, vpasuxobT rom:
• SeuZliaT Seasrulon samuSao, romelic ar Sedis ganakveTiT gaTvaliswinebul movaleobebSi;
• SemoaqvT axali ganzomileba (talRa) Cvens organizaciaSi;
• aqvT axali ideebi, ar arian SezRudulni organizaciis
struqturiT;
• qmnian damatebiT gunds, romelic CarTulia Cveni organizaciis misiaSi;
• zrdian ndobas Cveni saqmianobis mimarT;
• piradad avrceleben mosaxleobaSi Cveni organizaciis misias;
• izidaven Tanxebs;
• maTi saqmianoba warmoadgens samoqalaqo aqtivobis erT28
erT formas;
• es aris sazogadoebrivi kontrolis saSualeba, romelic
zrdis ndobas adgilobriv mosaxleobaSi.
Tu organizacias surs hyavdes efeqturad momuSave da kmayofili moxaliseebis jgufi, unda daadginos organizaciis da
moxaliseebis saWiroebebi.
moxalisis saWiroebebi
adamianis saWiroebebis aRweris sando xerxs warmoadgens
ramdenimedoniani ierarqiuli sqema romelic amerikelma
fsiqologma abraham masloum Seqmna. esaa piramida romelic 5
nawilisgan Sedgeba. am koncefciis Sesabamisad dakmayofilebul unda iqnas pirveli donis saWiroebebi imisaTvis rom
meore donis saWiroebebi gadmovidnen wina planze. maslous
mier identificirebul iqna Semdegi saWiroebebi: fiziologiuri (wyurvilisa da SimSilis grZnobebis dakmayofileba, siTbos moTxovnilebis dakmayofileba), usafrTxoebis (Tavdacva
safrTxis SemTxvevaSi), sazogadoebrivi (megobroba, garkveuli
jgufisadmi kuTvnileba, garSemomyofTa mier aRiareba), dadebiTi TviTSefaseba (sakuTari Tavis pativiscema, statusi, avtoriteti), TviTrealizeba (pirovnuli Tvisebebis ganviTareba).
Zalze xSir motivacias warmoadgens sxva adamianebTan kontaqtebis saWiroeba da simartovisa da marcxis grZnobis daZleva. agreTve mniSvnelovania Sesabamis jgufSi sakuTari adgilis
mopoveba. jgufi iZleva erTianobis, sazogadoebis wevrobis,
mxardaWerisa da usafrTxoebis SegrZnebas. moxaliseoba iZleva
bunebriv Sanss, iyo im xalxis gverdiT romelTa Rirebulebebs
da miznebs iziareb. maslous Teoriiis Tanaxmad moxaliseoba akmayofilebs maRali donis saWiroebebs.
moxaliseobis Suamaval biuroSi mosul kandidatebs yovelTvis vusvamT kiTxvas: ratom gsurT moxalised yofna? ukanasknel
xanebSi Catarda 170 kandidatis gamokiTxva da miviReT Semdegi
pasuxebi:
- msurs davexmaro gaWirvebulebs - 61%,
- vimedovneb, rom axal unarebs SeviZen - 46%,
- minda ramiT davkavde - 41 %,
- sakuTari sulieri kmayofilebisaTvis - 31%,
29
- minda gavaba axali nacnoboba - 29%,
- minda vali movixado sxvebis winaSe - 11 %,
- gansakuTrebuli SemTxvevis gamo - 7%,
- maqvs Tavisufali dro - 4%.
xSirad xdeba, rom profesiiT muSaobisas ver vikmayofilebT
yvela Cvens saWiroebas, amitomac moxaliseobrivi samsaxuri
CvenTvis SeiZleba rutinuli da yoveldRiuri davalebebisagan gaqcevas niSnavdes. yvelaze xSirad saqmianoba imis mixedviT gvsurs Tu ra aris CvenTvis mniSvnelovani da Rirebuli,
rogor SegviZlia sakuTari interesebisa da saWiroebebis dakmayofileba. sazogadoebrivi saqmianoba akmayofilebs Cvens
saWiroebebs, magaliTad - sxvebTan kontaqtis, TviTrealizebis
an garkveuli jgufisadmia kuTvnilebis saWiroebas. moxaliseoba adamians aZlevs sakuTari adgilis moZebnis Sanss imis miuxedavad rom amaSi arafers uxdian. igi adamians saSualebas aZlevs
Seasrulos iseTi samuSao romelsac anazRaurebad samsaxurSi
arasdros Seasrulebda. moxaliseoba yvela CvenTagans aZlevs
Sanss rom moviZioT organizacia individualuri molodinebisa
da interesebis Sesabamisad.
sakuTari drois daTmobiT da organizaciis muSaobaSi CarTulobiT moxalises surs igrZnos rom is organizaciis nawilia
- ara raRac mcire elementi aramed jgufis srulyofili wevri
romelsac sakuTari azris Tqma da gadawyvetilebis miRebaze
zegavlenis moxdena SeuZlia. is faqti rom mas azrs ekiTxebian
da rac kidev ufro mniSvnelovania - am azrs iTvaliswineben,
moxalises matebs Tavdajerebulobas da uZlierebs rwmenas
rom mas namdvilad seriozulad aRiqvamen. miuxedavad imisa rom
moxaliseebi SeiZleba yoveldRiurad ar dadian samsaxurSi, ar
SeiZleba maTi izolireba jgufis cxovrebidan. Tu maT aqvT
raime saintereso SemoTavazeba da SesaZloa maT saqmianobaSi
an organizaciis muSaobaSi raime dadebiTi cvlilebebis Setana,
vecadoT yuradRebiT davugdoT yuri. sakuTari winadadebebis
miwodebis kargi xerxia - „winadadebaTa yuTi“ romelic xelmisawvdomi unda iyos rogorc moxaliseebisaTvis, aseve Cveulebrivi TanamSromlebisaTvis.
organizaciis funqcionirebaze Tundac sul mcire zegavlenis moxdenis saSualeba seriozuli motivaciis wyaros warmoad30
gens. moxalise grZnobs rom organizaciis nawilia da mis saqmianobaze realuri gavlenis moxdena ZaluZs.
organizaciis saWiroebebi
Zalze mniSvnelovania is faqti rom moxalise irCeva organizaciis saWiroebis Sesabamisad. presaSi gakeTebul gancxadebaSi ar veweviT mTeli organizaciis farTo aRweras, vazustebT
mxolod im moTxovnebsa da saWiroebebs romlebsac unda akmayofilebdes moxalise (an moxaliseebi). xSir SemTxvevaSi damsaqmebeli uSvebs Secdomas da ar iTvaliswinebs sakuTar saWiroebebs,
ar aRniSnavs am saWiroebebs gancxadebaSi da mxolod intuicias
endoba romelmac moxaliseobis kandidatTan saubris dros
unda ukarnaxos, sad SeiZleba misi gamoyeneba. damsaqmeblis
mxridan aseTi daufiqrebeli nabiji SeiZleba imiT dasruldes
rom is moxalises raime uintereso davalebas miscems romlis
Sesrulebac yvelas SeuZlia. SeiZleba iTqvas rom ubralod Tavidan icilebs moxalises. aseT situaciaSi damsaqmebeli ganwirulia arCevanis SemTxveviTobisa da SecdomisaTvis. amitomac
Zalze mniSvnelovania winaswari analizis Catareba im TanamSromlebTan romelTa muSaobac mWidrod iqneba dakavSirebuli
moxalisis movaleobebTan. Tu saWiroebebis gamovlenas Tavs
avaridebT da TanamSromlebs ar CavrTavT gadawyvetilebis
miRebis procesSi (sad iqneba saWiro moxalise? ra davalebebs Sesarulebs is?), momavalSi aucileblad mogviwevs am SecdomisaTvis pasuxisgeba.
Tuki marto viRebT moxalisis SerCevis gadawyvetilebas,
pirvel rigSi vzrdiT Cveni analizis cdomilebis risks, es ki
niSnavs rom is saWiroeba, romelic Cven avirCieT sxvebisTvis
SeiZeba ar iyos mniSvnelovani. garda amisa, konsultaciis arCatarebis efeqti SeiZleba iyos moxalisis gverdiTa planze
gadaweva, jgufis arasruluflebian wevrad aRiareba da masTan
TanamSromlobis Sewyveta. Tu winaswar davazustebT konkretulad ra davalebebis Sesruleba mouwevs moxalises, SevZlebT
davasaxeloT ra unar-Cvevebi unda gaaCndes kandidats, maSin
didi albaTobiT es kandidati daakmayofilebs Cveni organizaciis molodinebs.
rodesac organizacias ukve dadgenili aqvs Tavisi saWiroe31
bebi, aucileblad unda dazustdes ra davalebebs Seasrulebs
moxalise da razea pasuxismgebeli. ar SegviZlia yvelas miReba
vinc ki mogvmarTavs. nebayoflobiTi kavSiri moxalisesa da organizacias Soris ar iqneba efeqturi Tu orive mxare kmayofili
ar darCa. xSirad organizaciebi aRiareben, rom maTTvis moxalisis miRebisaTvis ukve sakmaris safuZvels warmoadgens kandidatis mocemul organizaciaSi moxalised yofnis survili.
isini ar aqceven yuradRebas Tu ramdenad Sesabamisia kandidati maTTan muSaobisaTvis, esadageba Tu ara misi Rirebulebebi
organizaciis Rirebulebebs. ZiriTad problemas warmoadgens
Sesaferisi kandidatis Sesaferis adgilze miReba. xSirad xdeba
xolme rom miRebulma moxalisem bolomde ar icis ris gakeTeba
surs. am situaciidan gamosavals warmoadgens zustad aRwerili moxalisis movaleobebi. Rirseuli adamianis miRebac ki ar
gvaZlevs srul garantias rom aucilebeli davalebebi Sesruldeba Tuki am adamians Seusabamo rols mivaniWebT. Tu moxalises
Tavidanve ar mivuCenT swor adgils maSin mzad unda viyoT fiaskosaTvis romelic ormxriv stress gamoiwvevs.
moxaliseobis programis koordinireba
gansakuTrebulad mniSvnelovan magram zogjer daufasebel
rols warmoadgens moxaliseTa koordinatoris roli. moxaliseTa koordinatori unda akmayofilebdes ramdenime pirobas:
• unda surdes mocemuli funqciis Sesruleba;
• unda uyvardes xalxTan muSaoba;
• unda hqondes xelmZRvanelisaTvis aucilebeli monacemebi;
• unda hqondes dro koordinatoris funqciis Sesasruleblad.
yvela CamoTvlili piroba erTi SexedviT banaluria Tu kargad davakvirdebiT es ase ar aris. organizaciebTan da koordinatorebTan urTierTobisas miRebuli gamocdileba uflebas
gvaZlevs qvemoT yuradReba gavamaxviloT ramdenime detalze.
pirvel rigSi unda aRvniSnoT rom koordinatorebis umravlesoba am poziciaze dainiSna Tanxmobis Sesaxeb kiTxvis gareSe.
yvelam kargad viciT Tu rogor vasrulebT xolme Tavsmoxveul
davalebas. adamianebis umravlesoba Tavs komfortulad ver
grZnobs rodesac xelmZRanelis rolis Sesruleba uwevs. arc
32
Tu iSviaTad xdeba xolme rom moxaliseebTan TanamSromlobaze
pasuxismgebeli koordinatori organizaciaSi TveSi mxolod
erTxel modis, rac realurad mas ar aZlevs Tavisi funqciis
srulfasovnad Sesrulebis saSualebas. Tumca sabednierod
ukanasknel xanebSi ukve gamoCnda mravali koordinatori romlebic zemoT naxseneb oTx ZiriTad pirobas srulad akmayofileben.
moxalisis miReba
xSirad gvawyobs rom moxalisis miRebaze isev moxalise iyos
pasuxismgebeli da ara srul ganakveTze momuSave TanamSromeli. kandidatebs SeiZleba egonoT rom TanamSromlebs TavianTi
davalebebis Tavidan mocileba surT moxalisisTvis maTi gadabarebis gziT magram es ase ar aris. saqme isaa rom damsaqmeblis
da moxalisis motivacia SeiZleba msgavsi iyos da Tuki es asea
maSin maT erTmaneTTan komunikacia gauadvildebaT.
sanam organizaciis mesveurebi moxalisis Zebnas daiwyeben, unda dafiqrdnen Tu ris SeTavazebas SeZleben misTvis. es
SeiZleba iyos sasiamovno atmosfero, prestiJi an profesiuli gamocdileba. rodesac organizaciisaTvis naTelia Tu ra
saWiroebebi aqvs, rogor adamians eZebs, ra treningi aqvs gaTvaliswinebuli da waxalisebis ra xerxs mimarTavs, ukve SeiZleba
daiwyos zrunva imaze, Tu rogor moZebnos Sesabamisi moxalise.
moxaliseebis moZebnisaTvis SeiZleba ramdenime xerxi gamoviyenoT:
• saubari megobrebTan;
• saubari nacnobebTan an nacnobebis nacnobebTan;
• moxaliseobisaken mowodeba mediaSi gakeTebuli gancxadebebis an sajaro gamosvlebis meSveobiT;
• plakatebis gakvra;
• SerCeul jgufebTan Sexvedrebis organizeba.
Sesabamisi moxalisis moZiebam organizacias SeiZleba bevri
dro waarTvas magram es dro dakarguli ar aris. gvaxsovdes
rom TiToeuli adamiani romelsac vesaubrebiT SeiZleba iyos
potenciuri moxalise. unda davarwmunoT igi rom moxaliseoba
mniSvnelovani sakiTxebis gadawyvetaSi CarTulobis Sanss warmoadgens.
33
efeqturi mimarTvis ZiriTad elements warmoadgens moxalisis saqmianobis saWiroebis gasagebad axsna. es elementi ar
SeiZleba gamotovebul iqnas. kandidats unda aRvuweroT saqme
romelic unda Seasrulos moxalisem, xazi gavusvaT mis mniSvnelobas sruli Sedegis prognoziT. magaliTad, ar unda veZeboT
ubralod umweo da moxuci adamianebisaTvis saWmlis momzadebis
msurvelebi aramed adamianebi romlebsac surT moxucebulTa
arasakmarisi kvebis da simartovis problemis gadaWra, an undaT
rom ganukurnebuli seniT daavadebulebs miscen cxovrebis
darCenili nawilis Rirseulad gatarebis saSualeba, an surT
rom sakuTari gamocdilebis gaziarebiT daexmaron axal pacientebs, romlebic msgavs situaciaSi aRmoCndnen.
mniSvnelovania rom kandidatSi gamoviwvioT SeSfoTeba arsebuli problemis gamo da gavaRviZoT masSi am problemis aqtiuri gziT gadaWris survili. unda gvaxsovdes agreTve isic rom
moxalisis moZebnis xerxi damokidebulia imaze Tu rogor adamians virCevT. magaliTad, SeiZleba gvesaWiroebodes moxaliseebi
specialuri davalebebisaTvis (moxalise-eqimis mier gamokvlevis Catareba), an moxalise garkveuli, mokle periodiT (specialur olimpiadebSi an saSobao aqciebSi monawileoba), aseve
xangrZlivi periodiT (ganukurnebuli seniT daavadebulebTan,
quCis bavSvebTan muSaoba an saqmianoba Cvens organizaciaSi moxaliseTa koordinatorad). nebismier aseT SemTxvevaSi rodesac
garkveuli kvalifikaciisa da piradi Tvisebebis mqone moxalises veZebT SeiZleba sxvadasxva, zogjer arastandartuli meTodebis gamoyeneba dagvWirdes. erT-erTi, sakmaod qmediTi meTodia CvenTvis saintereso Tvisebebis mqone pirebze informaciis
mopveba maTi TanamSromlebis an nacnobebis meSveobiT.
sainformacio Sexvedra
im kandidatebs vinc gvipasuxa Cvens mowodebaze, vTxovT mobrZandnen sainformacio Sexvedraze. warvudgenT Cvens programas, saqmianobis models, moxaliseTa mier Sesasrulebeli
samuSaos. Semdeg dainteresebul pirebs vurigebT anketebs
romlebSic vekiTxebiT moxaliseobiT dainteresebis motivis
Sesaxeb. agreTve vekiTxebiT Tu ra samuSaos Sesruleba surT,
ra molodini aqvT Cvens organizaciaSi muSaobasTan dakavSire34
biT, ra saxis moxaliseobrivi gamocdileba gaaCniaT, ra dro
SeiZleba dauTmon Cvens organizaciaSi muSaobas, SeZleben Tu
ara mosamzadebel treningSi monawileobis miRebas, ra SezRudvebi aqvT (mag. janmrTelobasTan an teritoriul daSorebulobasTan dakavSirebiT), ra damatebiTi gamocdileba gaaCniaT
romelic SeiZleba gamosadegi aRmoCndes moxaliseobrivi samuSaos SesrulebaSi da sxva. agreTve vTxovT miuTiTon asaki,
sqesi, ganaTleba, saqmianoba, telefonis nomeri da sacxovrebeli adgili.
Tu moxaliseTa jgufs moklevadiani davalebisaTvis vRebulobT, specialuri momzadebis saWiroebis gareSe (mag. amanaTebis SefuTva, markebis miwebeba, Sejibris dros identifikatorebis darigeba), TiToeul kandidatTan gasaubrebis
Catareba aucileblobas ar warmoadgens. msgavs situaciaSi
ukeTesi iqneba Sexvedris organizeba skautebTan, skolis moswavleebTan, pensionerTa klubis warmomadgenlebTan sadac
maT warvudgenT Cvens organizacias da Sesasrulebel samuSaos.
agreTve SeiZleba gamoviyenoT plakatebi, statiebi presaSi,
gancxadebebi radioSi, broSurebi, mosawvevebi, individualuri
saubrebi. amavdroulad mzad varT daxmarebiT dainteresebuli
moxaliseTa jgufis warmomadgenelTan Sesaxvedrad.
intervius (sakvalifikacio gasaubrebis) Catareba
rodesac koordinatori rTuli davalebebisTvis eZebs potenciur moxaliseebs, man aucileblad unda moiwvios isini individualur interviuze romlis drosac unda dazustdes Sesasrulebeli davalebebi da orive mxaris molodini erTmaneTis
mimarT.
interviusTvis unda SeirCes adgili sadac mosaubre
mxareebs aravin SeuSlis xels. koordinatorma unda Seqmnas sasiamovno da megobruli garemo. Sexvedris dasawyisSi
koordinatori siamayis grZnobiT waradgens informacias
organizaciis struqturis da moRvaweobis Sesaxeb. xSir SemTxvevaSi werilobiTi xelSekruleba ar ideba. amitomac, rac
ufro zustad davadgenT urTierTmolodinebs, miT ufro
SevamcirebT momavali imedgacruebis Sanss. aqedan gamomdinare, pirveli rigis sakiTxebis (moxalisis mier Sesrulebu35
li samuSaos xasiaTi da dro) dadgenis Semdeg aucilebelia
vauwyoT moxalises Tu ra normebi funqcionirebs Cvens organizaciaSi, agreTve movisminoT Tu ra molodini aqvs mas.
xSirad intervius dros Secdomas vuSvebT da Tavs varidebT
rTul an delikatur sakiTxebs, vfiqrobT rom axla amis dro
da adgili ar aris. amitomac, SemdgomSi rom uxerxuloba ar
Segveqmnas, sjobs adgilzeve gavarkvioT yvela, Tundac Zalze delikaturi sakiTxi. intervius erT-erT yvelaze mniSvnelovan elements warmoadgens urTierTvaldebulebebis
wardgena. organizacia Rebulobs gundis axal, sruluflebian wevrs misi movaleobebiT da uflebebiT, kandidati ki
asrulebs organizaciaSi miRebul yvela normas da wesebs.
zemoTqmulis gaTvaliswinebiT koordinatorma intervius
dros unda dasvas Semdegi kiTxvebi (ra Tqma unda es ar aris
sruli sia da kiTxvebi konkretul SemTxvevebSi bevrad meti
SeiZleba iyos):
• icnob Tu ara Cveni organizaciis specifikas, mis miznebs da
Rirebulebebs?
• ratom xar dainteresebuli am saxis samuSaoTi?
• ra molodini gaqvs Cvens organizaciaSi muSaobasTan dakavSirebiT?
• gimuSavia adre moxalised?
• ra dro SegiZlia dauTmo Cvens organizaciaSi muSaobas?
• gsurs Tu ara monawileoba miiRo mosamzadebel treningSi?
• gaqvs Tu ara raime SezRudva (mag. dakavSirebuli jamrTelobasTan an transportTan)?
• gaqvs Tu ara gansakuTrebuli interesebi, hobi?
• gaqvs Tu ara am samuSaos SesrulebasTan dakavSirebuli
saWiro damatebiTi gamocdileba?
• jgufSi giyvars muSaoba Tu damoukideblad?
Tavis mxriv moxalisec svams SekiTxvebs romlebic daaxloebiT ase SeiZleba gamoiyurebiodes:
• ra samuSao meqneba?
• ra dro unda davuTmo am samuSaos? mudmivi saaTebia Tu SeiZleba Seicvalos?
• iqneba vinme visTanac mudmivi kontaqti meqneba?
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• vin momamzadebs muSaobis SesrulebisaTvis?
• aris Tu ara CemTvis gaTvaliswinebuli treningi?
• arsebobs Tu ara moxaliseTa mxardamWeri jgufi?
• meqneba Tu ara pasuxismgeblobis gazrdis Sansi?
• ra moxdeba rame Tu ar gamomivida? SemiZlia mivmarTo vinmes
mxardaWerisaTvis?
• momcemT Tu ara saSualebas davanebo samuSaos Tavi, im SemTxvevaSi Tu gadaviRale?
arsebobs davalebebi romelTa Sesruleba xangrZliv dros
moiTxovs, mag. bavSvTa Terapia romlis periodSi momvlelis
gamocvla ar aris sasurveli. aseTi situacia Tavidanve unda
iqnas ganxiluli da dadgindes winaswari gafrTxilebis vada
moxaliseobis Sewyvetis SemTxvevaSi (mag. 1 TviT adre). es dro
SeiZleba dagvWirdes sanacvlo moxalisis moZebnisaTvis. zogadad, winaswari gafrTxilebis vadis dadgena ara marto grZelvadiani aramed moklevadiani kontraqtebis SemtevvaSic sasargebloa. xSirad xdeba xolme rom moxalisis muSaobis moulodneli
Sewyveta organizaciaSi problemebs iwvevs.
intervius dros vcdilobT moxalises mivawodoT konkretuli da amomwuravi informacia, agreTve gavigoT misgan Sinaarsobrivad mniSvnelovani pasuxebi. Sedegis miuxedavad intervium orive mxareze unda datovos sasiamovno STabeWdileba.
Tu kandidati ar Seesabameba Cvens saWiroebebs, pirdapir unda
vuTxraT rom sjobs sxva organizaciaSi moZebnos adgili, an
vuTxraT rom sxva dros SeiZleba gamogvadges misi kvalifikacia da moxaliseobis survili.
moxalisis amocanebis aRwera
im SemTxvevaSi Tu moxalise miviReT, unda davukonkretoT,
ra unda Seasrulos da rogor. aucileblad unda davuzustoT
samuSao saaTebi, rodis aris moxalisis daswreba aucilebeli da
rodis sasurveli. araferi ise ar aferxebs gundis muSaobas, rogorc gaurkvevloba Tu vin razea pasuxismgebeli da ra uflebebi gaaCnia. moxalisem aucileblad zustad unda icodes Tu ra
movaleobebi aqvT mas da gundis danarCen wevrebs. gaurkvevloba msgavs sakiTxebTan dakavSirebiT iwvevs qaoss, konfliqtebs
da samuSaos araefeqtur Sesrulebas.
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moxalisis momzadeba muSaobisaTvis
organizaciis misia
moxalisis mWidro kavSiri organizaciis misiasTan da mis
miznebTan mudmivi TanamSromlobis pirobas warmoadgens. moxalisis sruli mobilizaciisaTvis aucilebelia rom man gaiTavisos organizaciis miznebi da Rirebulebebi, agreTve gaiazros
im problemebis mniSvneloba romlis mogvarebasac cdilobs organizacia. Znelia warmovidginoT rom adamiani organizaciaSi
moxaliseobriv saqmianobas eweodes Tavisi moRvaweobis arsis
rwmenis gareSe. am rwmenas moxalises aZlevs im misiis gaazreba
romelsac emsaxureba organizacia.
rogor warmogvidgenia aseTi misia yoveldiur cxovrebaSi?
SemogTavazebT magaliTs: X organizaciis misias warmoadgens
mZimed daavadebulebis mxardaWera maT saxlebSi. organizacias
dasaqmebuli hyavs 30 eqTani da 20 moxalise. organizaciis
xelmZRvaneloba cdilobs axali moxaliseebis mozidvas da propagandas eweva aseTi lozungebiT: „Cveni avadmyofebi CvenTvis
udidesi Rirebulebaa romelsac TavdadebiT vemsaxurebiT“.
TumcaRa, sakuTari ganviTarebis mizniT firma cdilobs dazogos xarjebi da eqTnebi nakleb dros imyofebian avadmyofebTan, maSasadame momsaxurebis xarisxi klebulobs. moxaliseebi,
romlebic damxmare funqcias asruleben (mag. moralurad mxars
uWeren avadmyofebs, esaubrebian da amxneveben maT), aSkara sxvaobas amCneven organizaciis qmedebebsa da lozungebs Soris.
isini rwmundebian rom organizaciis namdvil mizans ar warmoadgens avadmyofis keTildReoba. aseT situaciaSi nebayoflobiT momuSave pirTa didi raodenoba uars iZaxis muSaobaze.
firmas ewyeba problemebi vinaidan aRar hyavs moxaliseebi romlebic manamde misTvis namdvil siamayes xolo avadmyofebisTvis mZlavr mxardaWeras warmoadgendnen.
es magaliTi gviCvenebs rom rTulia SevinarCunoT moxaliseebi Tu organizaciis Rirebulebebis yvela mis TanamSromels ar
swams. Tu organizaciis misia - romelzec misi xelmZRvaneloba
moxaliseebis mozidvis mizniT xmamaRla saubrobs - gansxvavdeba namdvili ganzraxvebisgan, rTulia moxaliseebis iq gaCereba. moxaliseebs surT igrZnon rom monawileobas Rebuloben
sazogadoebisaTvis mniSvnelovani problemebis gadawyvetaSi,
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rom danarCen TanamSromlebTan erTad warmoadgenen mTlianobas romelic saerTo miznebisken miiswrafvis. negatiuri magaliTi Zalian amcirebs moxaliseebis motivacias. zemoT moyvanili magaliTis msgavsi situaciebi xandaxan
xdeba mizezi imisa rom organizaciebs ar surT moxaliseebis
miReba radganac moxaliseebi warmoadgenen sazogadoebis sensorebs romlebic amowmeben organizaciis lozungebis realurobas. Tu organizaciis yvela TanamSromeli mTeli suliT da
guliT iqneba CarTuli misiis ganxorcielebaSi maSin didi albaTobiT mosalodnelia rom moxaliseebic msgavsad moiqcevian da
maTi motivacia ar Semcirdeba.
moxalisis muSaobis pirveli etapi da treningi
bunebrivia rom nebismieri CvenTagani axal samuSao adgilas
Tavs maincdamainc Tavdajerebulad ar grZnobs. amitom mniSvnelovania rom organizaciam izrunos axalmiRebuli moxalisis
mxardaWeraze. aseve mniSvnelovania rom vizrunoT organizaciaSi megobruli atmosferos Seqmnaze, gavacnoT axalmosuls
organizaciis saxe. es procesi SeiZleba zogadi informaciis
wardgeniT daviwyoT, avuxsnaT moxalises Tu ra miznebi aqvs
organizacias, Semdeg ki gadavideT konkretul detalebze - ra
roli akisria TiToeul ganyofilebas, an programas. moxalisis organizaciaSi mosvlis procesi unda gamoiyurebodes rogorc axali TanamSromlis pirveli dRe. is unda warvudginoT
danarCen TanamSromlebs rogorc axali TanamSromeli. am simbolur gacnobas didi datvirTva aqvs, is uCvenebs moxalises
rom mas aRiqvamen rogorc Cveni organizaciis sruluflebian
wevrs da Semosvlis dRidanve is aris erT-erTi CvenTagani. sasiamovno atmosferos Seqmna momavali sasiamovno TanamSromlobis safuZvelia. Secdoma iqneba Tu Cven moxalises mxolod
misi muSaobis specifikas avuxsniT, aseT SemTxvevaSi is Tavs
ise igrZnobs rogorc jgufis SemTxveviTi, arasruluflebiani
wevri romelic ar imsaxurebs megobrul miRebas da yuradRebas.
organizaciis gacnobis Semdeg unda gadavideT samuSaos daxasiaTebaze da axalmiRebuli TanamSromlis kvalifikaciis amaRlebis dagegmvaze. mosamzadebeli periodis xasiaTi damokidebulia Sesasrulebel davalebebze. Tu davalebebi martivia,
39
mosamzadebel dros SeiZleba naklebi dro davuTmoT magram arsebobs funqciebi romelTa asaTvisebladac didi droa saWiro.
es gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania dasawyisSi rodesac moxalise Tavs Tavdajerebulad ar grZnobs. am dros aucilebelia
koordinatoris mxardaWerac. koordinatorma unda izrunos
moxalisis samuSao adgilis momzadebaze, uCvenos yvela saWiro
mowyobiloba da ekontaqtos mas muSaobis procesSi. muSaobis
dros sakmarisi iqneba elementaruli yuradRebis gamoxatva
martivi kiTxvebiT: „yvelaferi wesrigSia?“, „yvelaferi gaqvs
rac saWiroa?“, „rogor midis muSaobis saqme?“
sacdeli periodi
orive mxarisTvis mniSvnelovania sacdeli an mosamzadebeli periodis winaswar SeTanxmeba romlis Semdeg TiToeul
mxares SeuZlia ganawyenebis gareSe Sewyvitos TanamSromloba.
sacdeli periodi mxareebs Sanss aZlevs rom erTmaneTi ukeT
gaicnon da TanamSromlobis gaugrZeleblobis SemTxvevaSi ukmayofilebisgan dazRveulebis iyvnen. erTi situaciis magaliTze SevecdebiT gaCvenoT Tu ra Sedegi SeiZleba mohyves msgavsi
periodis arqonas:
mZime avadmyofebTan momuSave moxaliseTa koordinators
axalgazrda gogonam mimarTa daxmarebis SeTavazebiT. aseT beneficiarebTan muSaoba Zalian rTulia, es procesi xangrZliv
momzadebas da Zlier mondomebas moiTxovs. koordinatorma
pirdapir moaxsena moxaliseobis kandidats Tu ramdenad rTulia aseT avadmyofebze zrunva. gogonam ar Tqva uari Tavis
gadawyvetilebaze da is miiRes sacdeli periodis gareSe. ramdenime samuSao dRis Semdeg moxalise gogonam gaufrTxileblad
Sewyvita samsaxurSi siaruli. koordinatori sastikad imedgacruebuli darCa radganac moxalisem yovelgvari gafrTxilebisa da damSvidobebis gareSe daaneba Tavi muSaobas. arc erT
mxares ar gauTvaliswinebia sacdeli periodi. koordinatoris
winaswari gafrTxileba samuSaos sirTulis Sesaxeb sakmarisi
ar aRmoCnda. mxolod davalebis Sesrulebis dros igrZno moxalise gogonam rom dakisrebuli samuSao mis Zalebs aRemateboda. radganac is Tavidan mondomebiT umtkicebda koordinators rom Zalian undoda muSaoba, SemdgomSi ukve euxerxula
40
mis winaSe aRiareba rom aseT mZime samuSaos ver umklavdeboda
da Tavis danebeba undoda. gogonam ar iTxova sacdeli periodi
romelic mas Tavidan aacilebda moulodnel wasvlas da koordinatorisTvis imedis gacruebas. koordinatorma
rogor
swrafadac miiRo, aseve swrafad dakarga moxalise.
moxalisis samuSaos xasiaTis da pasuxismgeblobis donis gaTvaliswinebiT koordinatorma winaswar unda moamzados kandidati. didi sxvaobaa konvertebis daxarisxebasa da profesionalur konsultaciebs Soris (did britaneTSi sakonsultacio
biuroebSi samuSaod moxalisis mosamzadebeli saSualo periodia - 4 Tve). amitom, mogiwodebT rom aucileblad gaxsovdeT
es mniSvnelovani elementi romelsac mosamzadebeli periodi
hqvia.
moxalisis muSaobis mxardaWera da kontroli
moxaliseebis mxridan dasmul SekiTxvebs Soris yvelaze
xSirad Semdegi kiTxvebi JRers: „vin SeZlebs Cems daxmarebas Tu
amis saWiroeba iqna? SemiZlia Tu ara mivmarTo vinmes TxovniT
CemTvis rTul momentSi, gansakuTrebiT maSin, Tu raime ar gamomiva?“ amaze SegviZlia vupasuxoT rom moxalisis damxmaris
rolSi upirveles yovlisa koordinatori gamodis. daxmarebis
kidev erT tips warmoadgens moxaliseebis sxvadasxva teqnikuri
saSualebebiT uzrunvelyofa. moxalises unda hqondes sakuTari samuSao adgili da sruli teqnikuri infrastruqtura romelic yovelTvis xelmisawvdomi iqneba misTvis (mag. qseroqsi,
kompiuteri da sxva).
Zalze mniSvnelovania koordinatoris mxardaWera moxaliseebisadmi. is unda iyos moxaliseebis „keTili feria“. yovelTvis, rodesac amis saWiroeba iqneba, mxardaWera unda aRmouCinos moxaliseebs - gansakuTrebiT maSin, rodesac rame ar
gamouvaT. didi mniSvneloba aqvs koordinatoris individualur Sexvedrebs TiToeul moxalisesTan, kviraSi an or kviraSi
erTxel ki unda xdebodes Sexvedra moxaliseTa mTlian jgufTan. organizaciaSi unda SevqmnaT ndobis da gulaxdilobis
atmosfero. am SemTxvevaSi moxaliseebi kargad da usafrTxod
igrZnoben Tavs CvenTan. mudmivi da gulaxdili kontaqtebi Tavidan agvacilebs iseT situaciebs rodesac moxalise gaugebari
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mizeziT, moulodnelad uars iZaxis Tavis saqmianobaze. moxaliseebTan Sexvedrebis kidev erT daniSnulebas warmoadgens
urTierTmxardaWera. zogierT programebSi romlebic SezRuduli unarebis mqone bavSvebs exebaT (mag. autist bavSvebTan
individualuri muSaobis farglebSi, Terapiis Semdgomi etapis
dagegmisaTvis) aucilebelia erToblivi Sexvedrebi romlebSic
monawileobas Rebuloben bavSvebis mSoblebi da konkretul
bavSvebTan momuSave TanamSromlebi.
koordinatori zrunavs moxalisis muSaobis xarisxze, mas
ufleba aqvs moiTxovos is razedac SeTanxmdnen. koordinatoris
movaleobaa moxaliseTa muSaobis organizeba, man zustad unda
icodes rogorc sakuTari, aseve moxaliseebis kompetenciebi.
kordinatori zrunavs imaze, rom TiToeul moxalises hqondes
ganviTarebis Sansi. Tu moxalises daxmareba daWirda muSaobis Sesrulebis dros - koordinatori aucileblad daexmareba mas.
moxaliseebi da anazRaurebadi TanamSromlebi
atmosfero moxaliseTa irgvliv yovelTvis keTilganwyobili ar aris. koordinatorma unda izrunos imaze rom anazRaurebadma TanamSromlebma daafason moxalisis Sroma da gaigon
maTi muSaobis specifika. koordinatoris amocanaa rom xeli SeuSalos moxaliseebis ignorirebis SemTxvevebs. amisaTvis koordinators mudmivi kontaqti unda hqondes rogorc moxaliseebTan, aseve sxva TanamSromlebTan. garda amisa koordinatorma
saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi unda SeZlos daZabulobis moxsna, man
xeli unda Seuwyos moxaliseebis mier sxva TanamSromlebTan
partnioruli urTierTobebis damyarebas. organizaciis xelmZRvaneloba unda icnobdes moxalises, is monawileobas unda
Rebulobdes koleqtivis krebebSi. moxalise unda icnobdes
organizaciis politikas. aucileblad unda gvaxsovdes Tu ra
monacemebi da unarebi gaaCnia moxalises, aseve ra SezRudvebi
aqvs mas (fizikuri, teqnikuri da a. S.).
moxaliseebis dajildoeba
organizaciam unda moifiqros Tu rogor daajildovos moxaliseebi maTi muSaobisaTvis. xSirad gvaviwydeba Tu ramdenad
mniSvnelovania TanamSromlebis motivaciis gazrda. dajil42
doeba metyvelebs imaze rom organizacia cdilobs daafasos
TavianTi TanamSromlebi. SesaZloa jildo mcire iyos magram
is mainc Zalian mniSvnelovania. aseve aucilebelia rom xSirad
iTqvas madlobis sityvebi. garda amisa, moxalisisTvis saukeTeso jildos SeiZleba warmoadgendes aramaterialuri rameebic,
magaliTad - mis irgvliv sasiamovno atmosferos Seqmna, misTvis drois daTmoba, Tundac elementarulad misi saxelis codna
organizaciis xelmZRvanelobisa da TanamSromlebis mier.
weliwadSi erTxel mainc koordinatorma unda moawyos Semajamebeli Sexvedra dajildoebis elementebiT. krebas eswreba
yvela moxalise da organizaciis yvela TanamSromeli. TiToeuli moxalisis dafasebas motivaciis didi Zala aqvs. moxalise
sakuTar Tavs xedavs organizaciis mTlianobaSi da ara Tavisi
saqmianobis viwro kuTxiT. es gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania im
SemTxvevaSi Tu moxalise arc ise saintereso davalebas asrulebs (mag. sakancelario saqmeebi). sakuTari saqmis danaxva mTeli organizaciis warmatebis konteqstSi Zalze mniSvnelovania
moxalisis motivaciis asamaRleblad.
moxaliseTa dajildovebis sxva formebi SeiZleba iyos:
• moxalisis dRis aRniSvna;
• organizaciis logos da niSnis gadacema moxalisisTvis;
• organizaciis oqmSi moxalisis gvaris aRniSvna;
• gundis araformalur Sexvedrebze dapatiJeba;
• sadResaswaulo baraTebis gagzavna;
• zrunva moxalisis profesionalur ganviTarebaze da mis
mier axali unarebis SeZenaze;
Tu gvsurs, rom Cvens moRvaweobas kargi Sedegi hqondes, unda
gvaxsovdes Semdegi wesebi:
• xSirad gamovxatoT Cveni dafaseba moxalisisadmi;
• gamoviyenoT dafasebis sxvadasxva formebi;
• viyoT gulaxdilebi moxalisis mimarT;
• davafasoT moxalise da ara mxolod samuSao, romelic man
Seasrula;
• gvaxsovdes rom dafaseba moxalisis miRwevebis Tanabari
unda iyos;
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• davajildovoT Tanabari miRwevebis mqone sxvadasxva
moxaliseebi msgavsi meTodiT;
• wavaxalisoT moxaliseebi sajarod;
• mivaqcioT gansakuTrebuli yuradReba im miRwevebs,
romlebic Zalze mniSvnelovania da sasurvelia rom isini momavalSic iyos.
zemoT CamoTvlilis garda unda gamoviyenoT moxaliseTa
waxalisebis sxva formebic. ar unda dagvaviwydes maTi individualuri survilebi, saWiroebebi da SezRudvebi. yvela adamians
SeiZleba ar surdes rom Seaqon didi auditoriis winaSe, miiRos
diplomebi, misces interviuebi an gamovides televiziiT.
dajildoeba - garda motivaciis gazrdisa - dadebiTad moqmedebs samuSao atmosferoze da Sedegebze. moxaliseebi ar unda
dagvaviwydes maSin rodesac saqme exeba yvela TanamSromlisTvis gaTvaliswinebul momsaxurebas, magaliTad - kvebas samuSao
saaTebSi, damcav tansacmels, SeRavaTebis uflebas da sxva.
moxalisis samsaxuridan gaTavisufleba
koordinatoris kompetenciaSi Sedis moxalisis samsaxuridan gaTavisufleba. is valdebulia moagrovos sakmarisi argumentebi am gadawyvetilebis dasasabuTeblad da Caataros saboloo saubari moxalisesTan.
samsaxuridan gaTavisuflebasTan dakavSirebuli situacia rogorc wesi sasiamovno ar aris. yvelam kargad viciT rom
anazRaurebadi TanamSromlis SemTxvevaSi aseTi situaciebi
yovelTvis mtkivneuli da problemuria magram moxalisis
SemTxvevaSi kidev ufro meti uxerxuloba igrZnoba radganac
isini uangarod uTmoben Tavis drosa da energias garkveul
saqmianobas. ra Tqma unda Cven madloblebi varT moxaliseebis da umetes SemTxvevaSi gagviWirdeboda maTi gaTavisufleba samsaxuridan.
ar unda dagvaviwydes rom miuxedavad uangaro samsaxurisa moxalisesac gaaCnia Tavisi interesebi. gacema ar aris
calmxrivi, Tavisi saqmianobiT moxalisec ikmayofilebs sakuTar sulier Tu sxva moTxovnilebebs. amis gaazreba Zalian
mniSvnelovania radganac garkveulwilad cvlis Sexedulebas
moxalisesa da organizacias Soris arsebul urTierTobaze
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da ar iwvevs danaSaulis grZnobas moxaliseebTan momuSave
pirebSi. Tuki moxalises aqvs organizaciasTan damSvidobebis
ufleba, aseTive ufleba unda hqondes organizaciasac. es gvaZlevs partnioruli urTierTobis Camoyalibebis saSualebas
romelime mxaris privilegirebulobis gareSe. mniSvnelovania rom moxaliseebi da organizacia Tanabar pirobebSi iyvnen,
gansakuTrebiT iseT SemTxvevaSi rodesac moxalisesTan damSvidobeba gviwevs.
umniSvnelo uaryofiTi signalis SemTxvevaSic ki koordinatori valdebulia daukavSirdes moxalises. konfliqturi
situaciis Tavidan asarideblad aucilebelia mudmivi kontaqti moxaliseebTan.
koordinatori pasuxismgebelia moxaliseTa muSaobaze mTeli koleqtivis winaSe. moxalisesTan warmoSobili problemebis
SemTxvevaSi koordinatoris reaqcia SeiZleba iyos Semdegi:
1. pirveli saubari - moxalisis mier movaleobebis Seusruleblobis signalis SemTxvevaSi.
kiTxvebi, romelic aseTi saubris dros SeiZleba daisvas:
• Tavs arakomfortulad xom ar grZnob am rolis Sesrulebis
dros, rame xom ar ginda Secvalo?
• rogor xar momzadebuli am samuSaos Sesasruleblad,
Tavdajerebuli xar muSaobis dros?
• Zalze didi datvirTva xom ar gaqvs (mag. samuSao drois xangrZlivobis TvalsazrisiT)?
• iqneb raime piradi problemebi gaqvs rac samsaxurze
uaryofiTad aisaxeba?
saubris dros koordinatori cdilobs gaigos gulgrilobis
mizezebi da moxalisesTan erTad SeimuSavos samomavlo gegmebi.
2. Tu koordinatorsa da moxalises Soris miRweuli SeTanxmebebi ar sruldeba, koordinatori valdebulia acnobos moxalises Tu ra Sedegi SeiZleba mohyves aseT midgomas da uCvenebs
zRvars romlis gadakveTa ar SeiZleba. agreTve eubneba rom am
mdgomareobis gagrZelebis SemTxvevaSi iZulebuli iqneba igi
samsaxuridan gaaTavisuflos.
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3. Tu miuxedavad morigi gafrTxilebisa araferi Seicvala,
koordinatori valdebulia moxalise samsaxuridan gaaTavisuflos.
moxalisesTan konfliqtis gadaWris sametapiani procedura
praqtikulad SeuZlebels qmnis Secdomis daSvebas.
xSirad Znelia erTmniSvnelovnad Seafaso pirovneba da misi
problemebi. amis miuxedavad unda gvaxsovdes, rom piradi problemebi ar SeiZleba amarTlebdes samsaxurebrivi movaleobebis
mudmiv Seusruleblobas. problematuri moxalisis samsaxurSi
gaCereba mTeli organizaciis muSaobis dezorganizebas iwvevs.
organizaciis danarCeni wevrebi xedaven dadgenili wesebis
darRvevis faqtebs da es maTTvis Zalian cudi magaliTia. aseTi
situacia sxva TanamSromlebSi ukmayofilebas iwvevs radganac
maT SeiZleba CaTvalon rom TamaSis wesebi yvela TanamSromlisTvis erTnairi ar aris.
Tu eWvi aRar gvepareba rom moxalise samsaxuridan unda gavaTavisufloT, mainc rCeba erTi mniSvnelovani kiTxva - rogor
gavakeToT es?
moxalisis ganTavisufleba samsaxuridan konfliqtis gareSe,
organizaciis maRal doneze metyvelebs. yvelafris miuxedavad
moxalises unda vuTxraT: „didi madloba, Cveni TanamSromloba
warumatebeli iyo, magram iqneb sxvagan es ukeTesad gamogivideT“. Cven aucileblad unda gadavdgaT es nabiji, moxalisisTvis da agreTve sakuTari TavisTvis. ar unda dagvaviwydes rom
raRac periodis ganmavlobaSi Cven mainc TanamSromlebi viyaviT. moxalisis ganTavisuflebis mizezi da situacia yvelasTvis
unda iyos gasagebi. ar SeiZleba es ambavi gaugebrobas da Worebs
iwvevdes. mizezi Zalze martivia - Tu ase ar iqna, yvela moxalise am situacias Taviseburad gaigebs. maT daaxloebiT SeiZleba
aseTi azri CamouyalibdeT - „Tu ase gaagdes X pirovneba, zustad aseve SeiZleba momeqcnen mec“. amitomacaa mniSvnelovani
moxalisis samsaxuridan ganTavisuflebis forma.
rogorc zemoTqmulidan gamomdinareobs moxalisis ganTavisufleba samsaxuridan koordinatoris arasasiamovno valdebulebaa Tumca erT-erTi mniSvnelovani valdebulebaTagani.
malgoJata oxmani, pavel iordani
46
mokle informacia avtorebis Sesaxeb
malgoJata oxmani - sociologiis magistri, moxaliseobis
marTvis eqsperti. moxaliseobis ideis erT-erTi popularizatori aRmosavleT da centralur evropaSi. 1993 wlidan - moxaliseTa centris TviTdaxmarebis iniciativebis biuros koordinatori. 1997 wlidan - varSavaSi Camoyalibebuli asociaciis
„moxaliseTa centris“ xelmZRvaneli. amJamad sakuTari firmis direqtori da damoukidebeli konsultanti moxaliseobis
sakiTxebSi.
pavel iordani - sazogadoebriv mecnierebaTa da politologiis magistri. 1993 wlidan - moxaliseTa centris TviTdaxmarebis iniciativebis biuros direqtori. Tavisi saqmianobis farglebSi exmareba arasamTavrobo organizaciebs xuTi
ZiriTadi mimarTulebiT: treningebi, saorganizacio sakiTxebi, arasamTavrobo da saxelmwifo organizaciebis erToblivi
proeqtebis SemuSaveba, ucxour organizaciebTan erToblivi
RonisZiebebis momzadeba, moxaliseobis da misi struqturis
populariazacia.
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Tavi III
moxaliseTa centrebis qseli poloneTSi da misi
standartebi
poloneTis mravali organizacia da dawesebuleba sargeblobs moxaliseTa mxardaWeriT. rTulia daasaxelo moxaliseobis erTi lideri. aucileblad unda aRiniSnos rom profesionaluri moxaliseobis ideis popularizacias eweva moxaliseTa
centrebis qseli.
moxaliseTa pirveli centri daarsda varSavaSi 1993 wels.
mas dinamiurad cvlad polonur garemoSi muSaobis ocwliani
gamocdileba gaaCnia. droTa ganmavlobaSi, SemdgomSi Seqmnili centrebis warmomadgenlebi mixvdnen rom ukeTesad daxmarebisaTvis aucilebeli iyo federaciis Camoyalibeba da
moxaliseobasTan dakavSirebuli standartebis SemuSaveba.
amJamad qseli aerTianebs ramodenime aTeul regionalur
da adgilobriv moxaliseTa centrs. maTi warmomadgenlebi
sistematurad Rebuloben monawileobas SexvedrebSi, sadac
ganixileba organizaciebTan da dawesebulebebTan TanamSromlobis iuridiuli aspeqtebis, arasamTavrobo da sajaro
administraciis seqtorSi moxaliseTa centrebis moRvaweobis gafarToebis sakiTxebi.
centrebi moxaliseebsa da organizaciebs Soris Suamavlebis
rols asruleben, atareben treningebs moxaliseTa koordinatorebisTvis da TviT moxaliseebisaTvis.
proeqtis „moxaliseTa centrebis saqmianobis standartizeba - poloneTSi moxaliseobis ganviTarebis Sansi“ farglebSi,
moxaliseTa centrebisaTvis SemuSavebuli standartebi aregulireben muSaobis wesebs, qselSi gaerTianebul partniorTa Soris TanamSromlobis pirobebs.
standartebis avtorebi aRniSnaven, rom „Cven qveyanaSi moxaliseoba ganviTarda iseT dargebSi rogorcaa socialuri daxmareba, ekologia, ganaTleba, jandacva, aseve moxaliseTaTvis
manamde naklebad xelmisawvdom iseT dargebSi dargebSi rogorebicaa: kultura, administracia, informatika(…) moxaliseebis Tavdauzogavi daxmareba mimarTulia agreTve TavSesafrebis
mxardaWeris da ekologiuri aqciebis organizabisaken. esaa sx48
vadasxva aqciebi, magaliTad - „davasufTavod msoflio“, „daxmareba sakuTar saxlebSi Caketil, avadmyof da SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone pirebs“ da a. S.
standartebis da moxaliseTa centrebis TanamSromlobis pirobebis SemuSavebis mizania:
• moxaliseobis ideis ganviTareba poloneTSi;
•arasamTavrobo organizaciebs, individualuri pirebs, moxaliseebs da sajaro instituciebs Soris TanamSromlobis uzrunvelyofa;
• regionuli da lokaluri moxaliseTa centrebisTvis pozitiuri imijis Seqmna;
• moxaliseTa centrebis miznebis saTanadod ganxorcielebis
uzrunvelyofa;
• moxaliseTa centrebSi moqnili muSaobis uzrunvelyofa;
•poloneTis moxaliseobrivi qselis wevr moxliseTa centrebs Soris urTierTobis gansazRvra.
moxaliseTa centrebis qselis standartebi
I. standartis dasaxeleba:
treningebi (lokaluri moxaliseTa centri - LCW)
II. standartis Sinaarsi:
treningebis saSualebiT moxaliseebi emzadebian momavali
saqmianobisaTvis.
III. standartis mizani:
• moxaliseebisTvis dagegmili treningebis Catarebis wesebis, pirobebis da Temebis gansazRvra.
• saqmianobis dawyebamde moxaliseobis kandidatebis codnis
gafarToeba moxaliseobis Temaze.
IV. standartis mimRebi:
• LCW- s TanamSromlebi da trenerebi
• moxaliseobiT dainteresebuli pirebi
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V. standartis sfero:
1. treningebi moxaliseebisaTvis: „moxalisis pirveli nabijebi“
a) treningis reklama (popularizacia).
gancxadeba unda moicavdes Semdeg informacias: treningis aRwera, dasaxeleba, mizani, Tema, treningis xangrZlivoba,
samizne jgufis gansazRvra, adgili, TariRi da organizatoris
sakontaqto monacemebi.
informacia treningis Sesaxeb unda gamoqveyndes dawyebamde
minimum 2 kviriT adre.
b) miReba.
treningiT dainteresebuli pirebi treningebze Caricxvis Sesaxeb informacias miiReben minimum sami dRiT adre
treningebis dawyebamde.
g) treningis teqnikuri da saorganizacio pirobebi.
treningis teqnikuri aRWurviloba,
treningis xangrZlivoba,
monawileebis raodenoba,
monawileobis dadastureba,
- treningis xangrZlivoba - minimum 2 akademiuri saaTi,
- monawileebis raodenobas gansazRvravs organizatori.
rekomendebulia:
monawilis Txovnis SemTxvevaSi organizatori gascems cnobas treningSi monawileobis Sesaxeb.
rekomendebulia:
d) Sefaseba
treningis Sefaseba xdeba Sefasebis aqtiuri meTodebis meSveobiT
VI. standartis Sedegebi( wliuri)
• momavali moxaliseebisaTvis gankuTvnili treningebis organizebis xarisxis amaRleba.
• moxaliseebisaTvis Casatarebeli treningebis raodenobis
gazrda.
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• treningebis dasrulebis Semdeg moxaliseebis raodenobis
gazrda.
VII. monitoringi da Sefaseba
monitorings da Sefasebas eqvemdebareba VI punqtSi aRniSnuli Sedegebi. treningis dokumentaciasa da superviziaze dayrdnobili monitoringi da Sefaseba (VIII punqti) SeiZleba Caataros
moxaliseTa adgilobrivi centris koordinatorma.
moxaliseTa adgilobrivi centrebis xelmZRvanelebi pasuxismgeblebi arian trenerebis kvalifikaciaze da adastureben mas.
VIII. standartis dokumentacia
rekomendebulia:
treningSi monawileobis sertifikati moxaliseTaTvis.
IX. saWiro resursebi da pirobebi standartis uzrunvelyofisaTvis:
1. kursebisa da treningebis teqnikuri aRWurvilobis Sesaxeb
gadawyvetilebas Rebuloben trenerebi sakuTari gamocdilebisa da jgufis moTxovnebis gaTvaliswinebiT.
2. trenerebi
moxaliseTa yvela adgilobriv centrs hyavs moxaliseebisaTvis treningebis Casatareblad momzadebuli piri.
yuradReba!
moxaliseTa koordinatorebisaTvis „moxaliseobis marTvis
Temaze“ treningis Catarebis saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi moxaliseTa adgilobriv centrs SeuZlia am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT nebismier dros mimarTos moxaliseTa Sesabamis regionul centrs an
sruliad poloneTis mooxaliseTa centrebis qsels.
I. standartis dasaxeleba:
moxaliseTa Suamavloba (LCW)
II. standartis Sinaarsi:
moxaliseTa Suamavloba warmoadgens sruliad poloneTis
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moxaliseTa qselis wevr moxaliseTa adgilobrivi centrebis
mTavar amocanas.
saWiroebis mixedviT, moxaliseebis Sesabamis samsaxurebSi
moqnili da efeqturi ganawileba aucilebelia moxaliseebTan
da beneficiarebTan mWidro TanamSromlobis damyarebisaTvis.
moxaliseTa centris Suamavloba moxaliseobis sakiTxebSi warmoadgens iseT Rirebulebas, romelic gamoarCevs mas moxaliseobis ganviTarebis da popularizaciis sferoSi momuSave sxva
organizaciebisa da dawesebulebebisagan.
III. standartis mizani:
efeqturobis gazrda da moxaliseobrivi samsaxuris ganviTareba romlis mizanicaa Suamavlobis modelis miRweva romelic
akavSirebs moxaliseebs momxmarebelTan. maTi daxmareba da mxardaWera TanamSromlobis procesSi konsultaciebis da SeTavazebis gziT.
IV. standartis momxmareblebi:
• moxaliseobrivi samsaxuriT dainteresebuli pirebi
• subieqtebi, romlebsac aqvT ufleba isargeblon moxaliseebis mxardaWeriT
• kerZo pirebi romlebic moxaliseebisgan daxmarebas elian.
• ekonomikuri subieqtebi SromiTi moxaliseobis mxardaWeris dargSi.
V. standartis sfero:
moxaliseobis Suamavlobis procesi iyofa rig qmedebebad
romelTa mizanicaa dainteresebul organizaciebTan moxaliseebis TanamSromlobisaTvis xelSewyoba. moxaliseTa centrebis amocanaa sxvadasxva procesebis gamartiveba Semdegi
resursebis gamoyenebiT: nebayoflobiTi SeTavazebis dagroveba, maTi reklamireba, dokumentaciis SemuSaveba da gamoyeneba
TanamSromlobis procesis mowesrigebaSi. garda amisa, moxaliseebsa da dawesebulebebs Soris efeqturi TanamSromlobisaTvis aucilebeli rCevebis micema.
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1. moxaliseobis Suamavlis mier samuSao SemoTavazebebis
moZieba:
a) moxaliseobrivi daxmarebis momxmarebelTa bazis Seqmna da
administrireba;
b) momxmareblis warmomadgenelTan kontaqtis damyareba,
Sexvedris LCW-Si daniSvnis Taobaze;
g) momxmareblis da TanamSromlobiT dainteresebuli organizaciis informireba moxaliseTa kordinatoris arCevis
aucileblobis Sesaxeb,
d) moxaliseTa koordinatoris konsultireba/momzadeba;
e) organizaciasa da LCW-s Soris xelSekrulebis dadeba;
v) moxaliseobrivi SeTavazebis momzadeba momxmareblis
mier. erT momxmarebels SeuZlia Seitanos SeTavazebis nebismieri raodenoba;
z) sxvadasxva sferoebSi samuSaos SeTavazebaze zrunvamag.
(sporti, ekologia, kultura, socialuri daxmareba, ganaTleba);
T) dawesebulebis /organizaciis monacemTa bazis aqtualizacia
*aqciuri SemoTavazebis SemTxvevaSi.
rekomendebulia:
• 1-li v punqtis alternatiulad, LCW-s mier eleqtronulad daregistrireba da moxaliseobis mxareebs Soris Suamdgomloba - organizaciebis servisSi registrireba, samsaxuris
SeTavazebis Sesaxeb ganacxadis ganTavseba da TanamSromlobiT
dainteresebuli moxaliseebis moZieba.
• im SemTxvevaSi Tu moxalisis Ziebis Taobaze LCW-s mimarTavs fizikuri piri, mas vagzavniT subieqtebTan romlebsac am
sakiTxSi daxmareba SeuZliaT.
• sasurvelia SevinarCunoT kargi urTierToba iseT organizaciebTan rogoricaa socialuri daxmarebis centri, konkretuli daavadabebis winaaRmdeg mebrZoli organizaciebi da
movawyoT maTTan sistematuri Sexvedrebi.
• LCW-s SeuZlia gaagzavnos moxaliseebi kerZo pirebTan Sesabamisi xelSekrulebis dadebisa da usafrTxo pirobebis uzrunvelyofis Semdeg rogorc aRniSnulia kanonSi.
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2. sxvadasxva sazogadoebrivi jgufebis moxaliseebis aqtiuri da sistematuri registrireba:
a) vakansiebis monacemTa bazis Seqmna moxaliseebis registraciisaTvis,
b) potenciur moxaliseebTan kontaqti treningze mowvevis
mizniT romlis saxelwodebacaa „moxaliseoba, pirveli nabijebi“;
g) treningis Catareba da individualur Sexvedraze mowveva;
d) individualuri Sexvedra, romlis drosac moxalise
airCevs samuSao SemoTavazebas;
e) moxalisis centralur bazaSi daregistrireba - moxalisis
mier Sesabamisi anketis Sevseba („ moxalisis forma“, p. VIII);
rekomendebulia:
me-2 d punqtis alternatiulad: im SemTxvevaSi Tu LCW isargeblebs aRricxvis da Suamdgomlobis eleqtronuli internetsistemiT, SesaZloa moxaliseTa waxaliseba servisSi registraciis da samuSao SemoTavazebebis arCevisaTvis.
3. moxaliseobrivi Suamavlobis dokumentaciis marTva (p.VIII)
4. organizaciebis/dawesebulebebis da moxaliseebis monacemTa bazis marTva da ganaxleba (formebisa da TanamSromlobis
SemoTavazebebis registracia).
rekomendebulia:
monacemTa bazis eleqtronuli versiis Seqmna erT-erTi
xelmisawvdomi moxaliseTa servisis meSveobiT (moxaliseobis
internet-Suamdgomloba).
5. moxaliseobrivi momsaxurebis momxmareblebis mxardaWera
da rCevebis micema.
mxardaWeris xasiaTi gamomdinareobs momxmareblis realuri
moTxovnilebebisa da individualuri molodinebisgan.
6. SemoTavazebuli samuSao winadadebebisa da moxaliseobis
Suamavlobis promoaqcia.
a) LCW-s mier gamoyenebuli internet-servisi;
b) promoaqciis uSualo formebia - magaliTad sareklamo furclebi, bukletebi, sainformacio aqciebi moxaliseobis Sesaxeb;
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g) LCW-s veb-gverdi;
d) socialuri qselebi;
VI. standartis Sedegi:
(kalendaruli wlis periodi)
• moxaliseobrivi Suamavlobis mimarT interesis zrda;
• moxaliseebisaTvis axali samuSao SemoTavazebebis raodenobis zrda;
• moxaliseobis axali kandidatebis raodenobis zrda.
VII. monitoringi da Sefaseba:
monitoringi
monitoringi daadgens mocemuli periodis kvlevebis Sedegebs: jgufis cikluri Sexvedrebi, Sesrulebuli davalebebis
ganxilva da savaraudo sanacvlo gegmis ganxorcieleba.
monitoringis sagani:
• VI punqtSi aRniSnuli Sedegebi;
• ofisis teqnikuri pirobebi;
• dokumentacia;
• klientis momsaxureba.
Sefaseba
Sefaseba moxdeba moZiebuli da daregistrirebuli samuSao SemoTavazebebis, moxaliseebis, LCW-s mier moxaliseebTan
dadebuli xelSekrulebebis raodenobaze dayrdnobiT. momdevno wlis I kvartlis bolomde unda momzaddes Suamavlobis Sedegebis Sefaseba romelic gamoqveyndeba wliur angariSSi.
rekomendebulia:
• Suamavlobis xarisxis Sefaseba (mag. anketa, gamokiTxva);
• dadgena Tu ramdenad xelmisawvdomia moxaliseobrivi momsaxureba (maT Soris SezRuduli SesaZloblobis mqone pirTaTvis), samuSao saaTebis raodenoba, SeTavazebis mravalferovneba da a. S.
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VIII. standartis dokumentacia.
1.moxalisis anketa romlis eleqtronuli versia xelmisawvdomi iqneba internetSi. anketa ganTavsebul unda iqnas moqmedi
moxaliseebis monacemTa bazaSi. monacemTa bazaSi informaciis
Segrovebisa da Senaxvis meTodebi unda Seesabamebodes piradi
monacemebis dacvis kanonis moTxovnebs.
2. organizaciis/dawesebulebis anketa, eleqtronuli gziT
Sevsebis SesaZleblobiT. anketa ganTavsebul unda iqnas im organizaciebis/dawesebulebebis monacemTa bazaSi, romlebTanac
ukve dadebulia xelSekrulebebi.
3. TanamSromlobis xelSekruleba organizaciisTvis an dawesebulebisTvis gaweuli momsaxurebis Sesaxeb.
rekomendebulia:
• saaqcio SemoTavazebis forma;
• kiTxvari,romelic ikvlevs organizaciebTan da moxaliseebTan TanamSromlobis xarisxs da organizaciaSi dasaqmebuli
moxaliseebis aqtualur raodenobas;
• kiTxvari,romelic ikvlevs moxaliseobrivi Suamavlobis
momsaxurebis xarisxs da efeqturobas;
• moxalisis mier SerCeul organizaciaSi an dawesebulebaSi
gagzavnis forma;
• xelmisawvdomi internet-servisebis gamoyeneba moxaliseebisTvis an organizaciebisTis/dawesebulebebisTvis da TanamSromlobis SeTavazebis administrirebis dargSi.
IX. saWiro resursebi da standartis SesrulebisaTvis
aucilebeli pirobebi:
1. adgilobrivi pirobebi
LCW valdebulia uzrunvelyos pirobebi romlebic xels
Seuwyobs molaparakebebis dauyovnebliv Catarebas da LCW-swarmomadgenelisa da momxmarebels Soris kontaqtis damyarebas.
2. samuSao saaTebi - moxaliseobriv Suamavlobaze pasuxismgebeli TanamSromlis xelmisawvdomoba
moxaliseobrivi Suamavlobis saaTebis xangrZlivobaa minimum
10 saaTi kviraSi, maT Soris kviraSi erTxel mainc SuadRis Semdeg.
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rekomendebulia:
moxaliseobrivi Suamavlobis samuSao saaTebis gazrda, maT
Soris kviraSi 2-jer Sua dRis Semdeg.
moxaliseobrivi Suamavlobis samuSao drois gazrda unda
iyos damokidebuli lokalur saWiroebebze.
3. moxaliseobriv Suamavlobaze pasuxismgebeli pirebi
Suamavlobis process akontrolebs da marTavs TanamSromeli, romelic momzadebulia koordinatoris rolis SesrulebisaTvis.
rekomendebulia:
koordinators mxars uWers TanamSromeli (administratori),
romelic exmareba mas moxaliseobrivi samsaxuris movaleobebis
SesrulebaSi (SesaZlebelia Tanamdebobis sxva dasaxeleba).
I. standartis dasaxeleba:
moxaliseobis konsultacia (LCW)
II. standartis Sinaarsi:
standarti „moxaliseebis konsultacia“ exeba konsultantis
mier gaweul daxmarebas, mxardaWeras, moxaliseobiT dainteresebuli fizikuri da iuridiuli pirebisaTvis.
III. standartis mizani:
• fizikuri da iuridiuli pirebisTvis moxaliseobis dargSi
saWiro konsultaciebis xarisxis gazrda.
• sakonsultacio procesis sistematizacia da gaZliereba.
IV. standartis momxmareblebi:
• fizikuri pirebi - potenciuri moxaliseebi an momxmareblebi,
• arasamTavrobo organizaciebi,
• sajaro administraciis dawesebulebebi da maT daqvemdebarebaSi myofi subieqtebi,
•ekonomikuri subieqtebi,
•moxaliseobiT dainteresebuli sxva subieqtebi.
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V.standartis sfero:
1. konsultaciis sfero:
• formaluri mxare - moxaliseobis iuridiuli aspeqtebi,
• moxaliseobrivi aqciebis organizeba,
• daxmareba moxaliseobis Camoyalibebasa da ganviTarebasTan dakavSirebul organizaciul sakiTxebSi,
• fizikuri pirebis mxardaWera da daxmareba moxaliseobis
arCevaSi, maTi informireba an mxardaWera LCW -s specifikidan
gamomdinare.
rekomendebulia:
konsultacia axali moxaliseobrivi (mag. saskolo, axalgazrduli, socialuri daxmarebis centrebSi) klubebis Seqmnis
sakiTxebSi
2. sakonsultacio procesi:
a. konsultacia SeiZleba Catardes 3 sxvadasxva formiT: uSualo-Sexvedra, satelefono saubari, teleinformaciuli xerxi.
b. LCW-Si gamoyofilia sakonsultacio saaTebi da konsultantebi.
g. konsultaciis procesis dawyebamde xdeba klientis
saWiroebis dadgena, Semdeg ki kompetentur TanamSromelTan
Sexvedris SeTavazeba.
d. konsultanti uSualod aZlevs rCevebs momxmarebels an
saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi Tanxmdebian Sexvedraze/satelefono
konsultaciaze.
e. TanamSromeli winaswar emzadeba konsultaciis Casatareblad. winaswari mosamzadebeli saubris Semdeg amzadebs
sakonsultacio gegmas da uTanxmdeba moxmarebels Sexvedraze.
v. konssultants aqvs momxmareblisaTvis momzadebuli aqvs
saintereso masalebi, mag. xelSekrulebis nimuSi.
z. konsultanti valdebulia izrunos pirobebze da Seqmnas
informaciis uproblemod gacvlisaTvis saWiro atmosfero.
T. momxmareblis saWiroebidan gamomdinare is Rebulobs konsultacias an mxardaWeris sxva formas (mag. kursebi, konferencia).
58
rekomendebulia:
Tu konsultaciis sakiTxi moiTxovs eqspertis codnas (mag.
iuristis, buRaltris) LCW gascems informacias Tu sad SeiZleba momxmarebelma miiRos Sesabamisi mxardaWera.
Catarebuli konsultaciebi fiqsirdeba rCevebis reestrSi.
VI. standartis Sedegi:
• fizikuri da iuridiuli pirebisTvis moxaliseobis Sesaxeb
saWiro informaciis gadacemis da konsultaciebis xarisxis
gazrda (Catarebuli konsultaciebiT kmayofilebis gazrda);
• LCW-s konsultirebis procesis sistematizacia.
VII. monitoringi da Sefaseba:
rekomendebulia:
monitoringis da konsultaciis Sefasebis procesi tardeba:
• sakonsultacio jgufis Sexvedrebze sakonsultacio procesebis ganxilvis saxiT.
• im SemTxvevaSi Tu konsultacia utardeba LCW-s mudmiv
klients, rekomendebulia kontaqtis SenarCuneba da LCW-s sxva
SeTavazebis gacnoba.
• konsultaciebis xarisxis dadgenis mizniT konsultaciis
Catarebis Semdeg rekomendebulia Sefasebis formis Sevseba.
VIII. standartis dokumentacia:
aqtualuri wesdebebi da publikaciebi romlebic dakavSirebulia moxaliseobasTan.
IX.saWiro resursebi da pirobebi standartis SesrulebisaTvis:
1. konsultantebis kvalifikacia
konsultants gaaCnia saWiro aqtualuri codna da mrCevelis kompetenciebi. sasurveli kompetenciebi: kontaqtis advili damyarebis, mosmenis da analitikuri unarebi.
2. lokaluri pirobebi
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LCW uzrunvelyobs konsultaciisaTvis Sesabamis lokalur
da teqnikur pirobebs.
3. konsultaciebis xelmisawvdomoba
konsultaciebi tardeba LCW-s samuSao saTebSi.
LCW uzrunvelyofs mudmivad ganaxlebadi biblioTekis da
agreTve moxaliseobis informaciis sxva wyaroebis xelmisawvdomobas.
rekomendebulia:
konsultaciebi tardeba maqsimum kviraSi erTxel, minimum
TveSi erTxel.
I. standartis dasaxeleba:
teqnikur-organizaciuli (LCW)
II. standartis Sinaarsi:
moxaliseobis adgilobrivi centrebis muSaoba biuros teqnikur-organizaciul pirobebSi.
III. standartis mizani
• LCW-s momsaxurebis da samuSaoebis efeqturobis gaZliereba;
•LCW-s teqnikuri-organizaciuli bazis gaumjobeseba.
IV. standartis momxmareblebi:
• LCW-s saqmianobis momxmareblebi;
• garemo romelic LCW -sTan TanamSromlobs.
V. standartis sfero:
1. ofisis pirobebi:
saqmianobis organizebisaTvis aucilebeli ofisi da sapirfareSo.
rekomendebulia:
• satreningo darbazis (sakuTari an daqiravebuli) xelmisawvdomoba,
• SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone pirTaTvis adaptirebuli biuro,
• internetis xelmisawvdomoba,
• sanitaruli oTaxi.
2. biuros aRWurviloba:
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kompiuterebis Sesabamisi raodenoba TiToeuli TanamSromlis/moxalisisaTvis, telefoni ofisSi.
rekomendebulia:
qseroqsis, printeris da faqsis xelmisawvdomoba.
3. dokumentacia
a)qaRaldis dokumentacia inaxeba gasagebad aRweril saqaRaldeebSi da SemdgomSi gadis Sesabamis arqivizacias.
b) sabuTebi, romelic moicavs pirad (konfidencialur) monacemebs inaxeba Casaket karadebSi da xelmisawvdomia mxolod
uflebamosili pirebisaTvis.
g) vadagasuli sabuTebi srulad nadgurdeba.
d) LCW icavs piradi monacemebis Senaxvis wesebs.
rekomendebulia:
eleqtronuli formis dokumentebi inaxeba gamoyofil kompiuterSi da gare diskze (sarezervo asli), romelic xelmisawvdomia mxolod uflebamosili pirebisaTvis. monacemTa ganaxlebaze pasuxismgebelia arCeuli piri.
LCW atarebs Semosuli da gasuli korespondenciis aRricxvas.
LCW -s gaaCnia beWedi, romelzec aRniSnulia: organizaciis
sruli saxeli, sruli misamarTi, sagadasaxado saidentifikacio kodi, sasamarTloSi registraciis nomeri.
4. iuridiuli statusi
LCW aris arasamTavrobo organizacia an warmoadgens asociaciis, fondis an sajaro dawesebulebis programas.
5.ofisis xelmisawvdomoba
LCW aqvs moxaliseobrivi Suamavlobis standartebSi aRniSnuli mudmivi samuSao saaTebi.
LCW muSaobs minimum 10 saaTi kviraSi, maT Soris SuadRis Semdeg kviraSi erTxel.
rekomendebulia:
moxaliseobrivi Suamavlobis ofisebis ufro xangrZlivi
muSaoba, maT Soris SuadRis Semdeg kviraSi orjer.
VI. Sedegebi
moxaliseobis regionuli centrebis teqnikur-organizaci61
uli pirobebis uzrunvelyofa, V punqtSi aRniSnuli standartebis Sesabamisad.
VII. monitoringi da Sefaseba:
moxaliseTa regionuli centrebis teqnikur-organizaciuli pirobebis SenarCuneba, V punqtSi aRniSnuli standartebis Sesabamisad
VIII. standartis dokumentacia:
dokumentaciis gareSe.
IX. standartis SesrulebisaTvis saWiro resursebi da pirobebi:
LCW-s gamWvirvale saorganizacio struqturis uzrunvelyofa winamdebare sabuTis V punqtSi aRniSnuli resursebiT.
LCW-s xelmZRvaneloba uzrunvelyofs teqnikur-organizaciuli standartis SesrulebisaTvis aucilebel pirobebs.
I. standartis dasaxeleba:
moxaliseobis popularizacia (LCW)
II. standartis Sinaarsi:
moxaliseobis da moxaliseTa adgilobrivi centris saqmianobis popularizacia sxvadasxva xerxebis meSveobiT momxmareblebis farTo jgufSi. sruliad poloneTis moxaliseTa
centrTa qselis mier SemuSavebuli masalebis da adgilobrivi,
sakuTari resursebis gamoyeneba.
III. standartis mizani
• moxaliseobis lokaluri centris reputaciis gaZliereba
adgilobriv mosaxleobaSi;
• adgilobrvivi mosaxleobis codnisa da cnobierebis gazrda moxaliseobis Sesaxeb.
IV. standartis momxmareblebi
moxaliseobis lokaluri centris beneficiarebi da moxaliseobiT dainteresebuli sazogadoebis nawili:
• moxaliseebi;
• moxaliseobiT dainteresebuli pirebi;
•potenciuri moxaliseebi, romlebic manamde ar iyvnen dainteresebulni moxaliseobiT (moxaliseTa centrebis qselis
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strategiul dokumentebSi SeiZleba aRniSnul iqnas am kategoriis prioritetuli jgufebi);
• organizaciebi da dawesebulebebi romlebic TanamSromloben moxaliseebTan;
• subieqtebi romlebic dainteresebulni arian moxaliseobrivi saqmianobiT;
• partnioruli organizaciebi da dawesebulebebi, sponsorebi, masmedia, sajaro administracia.
V. standarti moicavs:
1. promo-aqciebs:
• moxaliseobasTan dakavSirebul RonisZiebebSi monawileoba (mag. konferenciebi, aqciebi, gamofenebi);
• sruliad poloneTis moxaliseTa centrebis qselis mier
organizebul promo-aqciebSi monawileoba (mag. moxaliseTa
Suamavlobis centrebis, LCW-s Riakaris dRe).
rekomendebulia:
1. garkveuli RonisZiebebis organizeba (mag. sazeimo Sexvedra moxaliseebTan, konferencia moxaliseobis saerTaSoriso
dRis aRsaniSnavad);
2. vizualuri identificireba.
• LCW iyenebs moxaliseTa centris logos,
• LCW -sSeuZlia agreTve gamoiyenos sakuTari logo,
• LCW -s aqvs sareklamo furceli, romelSic aRniSnulia informacia sruliad poloneTis moxaliseTa centrebis qselis
wevrobis Sesaxeb.
rekomendebulia:
• gvqondes e. w. roll-up-i, savizito baraTebi,
• moxaliseTa centris logos gamoqveyneba sareklamo masalebze, partnioruli proeqtebis realizaciis dros,
• LCW-s warmomadgenlebis eleqtronuli misamarTebi Semdegnairad gamoiyureba:
[email protected] ([email protected])
• LCW-dan gagzavnil eleqtronul werilebs Tan axlavs or63
ganizaciis saxeli, misamarTi, telefonis nomrebi, veb-gverdis
misamarTi da informacia qselis wevrobis Sesaxeb,
• ofisis gareT informaciis ganTavseba gancxadebebis dafaze, moxaliseobis centris logos, samuSao saaTebis da sruliad poloneTis moxaliseTa centrebis qselSi wevrobis Sesaxeb informaciis TanxlebiT.
3. veb-gverdi
* LCW-s aqvs eleqtronuli savizito baraTi www.wolontariat.
org.pl gverdze Semdegi informaciiT: misamarTi, koordinatoris
saxeli da gvari, telefonis nomeri, samuSao saaTebi.
rekomendebulia:
• LCW-s unda hqondes sistematurad ganaxlebadi veb-gverdi;
• informacia LCW-s TanamSromlebis Sesaxeb da wliuri angariSgeba;
• LCW-aqvs profili da regularuli Canawerebi moxaliseobis regionuli da lokaluri centrebisa da sruliad poloneTis moxaliseTa centrebis qselis Sesaxeb, aseve mediaSi gamoqveynebuli masalebi moxaliseobis Sesaxeb;
• saqmianobis Sesaxeb informaciis ganTavseba minimum erT
gare internet-servisSi;
• saWiro informacia: siaxleebi, informacia organizaciis
da mimdinare proeqtebis Sesaxeb, informacia qselSi wevrobis
Sesaxeb;
• LCW-s gverdze ganTavsebulia sruliad poloneTis moxaliseTa centrebis qselis veb-gverdis linki,
4. moxaliseobis popularizaciisadmi miZRvnili Sexvedrebi.
• LCW sxvadasxva organizaciebSi atarebs Sexvedrebs moxaliseobis popularizaciis mizniT (rogor da sad SeiZleba gavxdeT
moxalise, saintereso magaliTebi da moxaliseebis istoriebi).
rekomendebulia:
• Sexvedrebis dros multimediuri prezentaciebis gamoyeneba, aseve moxaliseebis mowveva, romlebic Sexvedris monawileebs mouTxroben TavianTi saqmianobis Sesaxeb.
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5. masmediasTan TanamSromloba:
• LCW TanamSromlobs lokalur mediasTan, zrunavs maTTan karg urTierTobaze da awvdis informacias;
• sxvadasxva RonisZiebebis organizebis dros LCW agzavnis informacias presaSi xolo didi RonisZebebis dros - cdilobs moipovos mediis patronaJi. mediis meSveobiT adgilobriv
sazogadoebaSi LCW qmnis sakuTari Tavis imijs.
rekomendebulia:
• TanamSromlebis arCeva romlebic JurnalistebTan kontaqtze iqnebian pasuxismgebelni.
6. wliuri angariSi:
• LCW amzadebs mokle (ramdenimegverdian) dokuments romelic sainteresod aRwers wina wlis mTavar RonisZiebebs da
miRwevebs;
• dokumenti unda ganTavsdes LCW-s veb-gverdze momdevno
wlis pirveli kvartlis bolomde.
VI. standartis Sedegebi:
• LCW-is da sruliad poloneTis moxaliseTa centrebis qselis cnobadobis gazrda;
• moxaliseobis msurvelTa ricxvis gazrda
• moxaliseebTan TanamSromlobiT dainteresebuli organizaciebis da subieqtebis raodenobis gazrda;
• LCW-s poziciis gaZliereba adgilobriv sazogadoebaSi.
VII. monitoringi da Sefaseba:
wliur angariSSi LCW aTavsebs informacias promoaqciebis
Sesaxeb.
VIII. standartis dokumentacia:
• sruliad poloneTis moxaliseTa centrebis qselis logos
nimuSi;
• wliuri angariSis sqemis nimuSi (moxaliseTa regionuli
centris wlis Sejameba);
• fotosuraTis gamoqveynebaze Tanxmobis nimuSi;
• mediisadmi patronaJis Taobaze Txovnis gancxadebis nimuSi.
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IX. saWiro resursebi da pirobebi standartis SesrulebisaTvis:
• erTiani vizualuri identificireba;
• sruliad poloneTis internet-servisi wolontariat.org.
pl;
• sareklamo furceli;
• multimediuri prezentaciebi, filmebi da publikaciebi;
• promo-resursebi xelmisawvdomia (da mudmivad izrdeba)
internetSi da konkretula www.wolоntariat.org.pl-is servisze.
IV. standartis dasaxeleba: gare subieqtebTan TanamSromloba (LCW)
V. standarti moicavs:
adgilobrivi moxaliseTa centrebis gare dawesebulebebTan da organizaciebTan TanamSromlobas da partniorebTan da
dainteresebul subieqtebTan urTierTobis damyarebas.
VI. standartis mizani:
LCW-s partniorebTan da dainteresebul subieqtebTan
TanamSromlobis xarisxis gazrda.
IV. standartis momxmareblebi:
LCW-s momsaxurebis momxmareblebi da partniorebi, dainteresebuli subieqtebi, romlebTanac centri TanamSromlobs
moxaliseobis dargSi.
V. standarti moicavs:
• proeqtebis, programebis wamowyeba moxaliseobiT dainteresebul subieqtebTan da partniorebTan TanamSromlobiT;
• moxaliseobis sferoSi moRvawe subieqtebTan urTierTobis damyareba sabWos sxdomebSi monawileobis, sajaro administraciasTan urTierTobis meSveobiT;
• partniorebTan da dainteresebul pirebTan kontaqtebze
pasuxismgebeli TanamSromlis/TanamSromlebis arCeva;
• LCW-sTan TanamSromlobaSi myofi subieqtebis sakontaqto
bazis Seqmna da ganaxleba;
• sruliad poloneTis moxaliseTa centrebis qselis wevri
organizaciebis sakontaqto bazis ganaxleba.
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rekomendebulia:
• yvela subieqtTan TanamSromloba dadebuli xelSekrulebis safuZvelze;
• moxaliseTaTvis da damegobrebuli moxaliseobrivi organizaciebisaTvis lokaluri konkursis Catareba;
• moxaliseobiT dakavebuli partniorebis lokaluri qselis
Seqmna,
• LCW-Tan TanamSromlobaSi myofi subieqtebisaTvis loialurobis programis Catareba(mag. treningebi, Sexvedrebi).
VI. standartis Sedegi:
• moxaliseobis dargSi LCW-Tan TanamSromlobaSi myofi
subieqtebis ricxvis gazrda;
• aRniSnul subieqtebTan TanamSromlobis xarisxis gazrda partniorobis Camoyalibeba.
VI. monitoringi da Sefaseba:
Sefasebasa da monitorings eqvemdebareba partniorebisa da
dainteresebuli subieqtebis raodenoba da profilebi.
rekomendebulia:
gare subieqtebTan TanamSromlobis xarisxis Sefaseba weliwadSi erTxel. kiTxvebi unda moicavdes Semdeg sakiTxebs: partniorebs Soris komunikacia, TanamSromlobisa da realizebuli
davalebebis efeqturoba da a. S.
VIII.standartis dokumentacia:
moxaliseobis ganviTarebasa da popularizaciasTan dakavSirebuli davalebebis farglebSi dadebuli TanamSromlobis
xelSekrulebis nimuSi.
X. saWiro resursebi da pirobebi standartis SesrulebisaTvis:
LCW-s partniorebTan da dainteresebul pirebTan urTierTobaze pasuxismgebeli piri/pirebi;
sainformacio-sareklamo masalebi moxaliseobis Temaze.
I. standartis dasaxeleba:
Tematuri programebi moxaliseobis Sesaxeb
rekomendebuli standarti
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II. standarti moicavs:
moxaliseobis Tematuri programa warmoadgens sazogadoebrivi problemis daZlevis models moxaliseobis meSveobiT
romelic mimarTulia beneficiarTa viwro wrisadmi da tardeba
sistematurad, moxaliseobis centrebis misiis Tanaxmad.
standartSi gaerTianebulia Tematuri programis SemuSavebisa da marTvisaTvis aucilebeli wesebi. sruliad poloneTis centrTa qselis mier gaxorcielebuli programebia
- mag. saskolo moxaliseoba, socialuri daxmarebis centrebis,
ltolvilebisa da usaxlkaroebis mxardaWera.
III. standartis mizania:
• Tematuri programis farglebSi moxaliseobrivi daxmarebis wesebis da sferoebis dadgena;
• poloneTSi momxmarebelTa sxvadasxva jgufebSi moxaliseobis gavlenis gazrda;
• momxmarebelTa sxvadasxva jgufebSi funqcionirebis
xarisxis gaumjobeseba;
• moxaliseobis Sedegad momxmarebelTa kompetenciebis gazrda.
IV. standartis momxmareblebi:
• LCW-s TanamSromlebi da partniorebi;
• Tematuri programebis benefinciarebi;
• Tematuri programebis moxaliseebi;
• Tematur programebSi CarTuli adgilobrivi sazogadoeba, partniorebi, sajaro administracia, arasamTavrobo organizaciebi, firmebi (SromiTi moxaliseoba).
V. standarti moicavs:
standarti moicavs Tematuri programis momzadebis da realizaciis elementebs.
1. Tematuri programis beneficiarTa problemebis mizezebis
da Sedegebis analizi xelmisawvdom statistikur monacemebze,
analizze da kvlevebze dayrdnobiT;
2. beneficiarebis jgufis, standartis momxmareblebis
jgufebis analizi;
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3. Tematuri programis mizani;
4. Tematuri programis ganxorcieleba;
5. programis Sedegebi;
6. programis realizaciisaTvis saWiro resursebi (maT Soris
adamianuri resursi, finansuri da teqnikuri resursebi) moxaliseTa jgufis miRebis, swavlebis da marTvis TvalsazrisiT;
7. programis gegma;
8. programis biujeti;
9. programis monitoringi da Sefaseba;
10. programis dasabuTeba;
11. programis popularizacia LCW komunikaciis strategiis
Tanaxmad.
VI. standartis Sedegi:
• ganxorcielebuli da aRwerili moxaliseobis Tematuri
programebis ricxvis gazrda romlebic SeiZleba STagonebis
wyaros warmoadgendnen sruliad poloneTis moxaliseTa centrebis qselis wevrTaTvis;
• TiToeuli Tematuri programis beneficiarebis ricxvis
gazrda, rac programebis swor ganxorcielebaze metyvelebs;
• programebis ganxorcielebaSi monawile moxaliseebis
ricxvis gazrda;
• aRweris momzadeba - moxaliseobis Tematuri programis
modeli;
• arCeul programebSi monawileobiT dainteresebuli mediasaSualebebisa da partniorebis raodenobis gazrda;
VII. monitoringi da Sefaseba:
koordinatori atarebs Tematuri programis mudmiv monitorings, agreTve programis periodiul da saboloo Sefasebas
Semdegi kriteriumebis safuZvelze:
• programis benefeciarebis saWiroebebis dakmayofilebis
Sefaseba;
• gegmis da biujetis realizaciis Sefaseba;
• benefeciarebTan, moxaliseebTan da partniorebTan TanamSromlobis Sefaseba.
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rekomendebulia:
dagegmili Sedegebis Sefaseba xarisxis da raodenobis TvalsazrisiT.
Sefasebis sasurveli iaraRi: fokusuri kvleva, programis
ganxorcielebaze pasuxismgebeli gundis sistematuri Sexvedrebi, gare eqspertebis zedamxedveloba, beneficiarebis anketireba, gamokiTxva, dakvirveba.
mizanSewonilia Sefaseba Caataron mocemuli dargis specialistebma.
VIII. standartis dokumentacia:
programis dokumentacia exeba programis ganmaxorcieleblebs, moxaliseebs, programis beneficiarebs da partniorebs.
programis dokumentebi:
• Tematuri programis modelis aRwera;
• xelSekruleba moxaliseobrivi momsaxurebis Sesaxeb;
rekomendebulia:
• fotomasalebi programis Sesaxeb an sagazeTo publikacia;
• partniorebs Soris dadebuli xelSekrulebebi;
• Sefasebis dokumentacia;
• dokumentacia moxaliseebis Sesaxeb (moxaliseTa daswrebis
furceli Sexvedrebze, programis RonisZiebebze, samuSao saaTebis baraTi);
• programis specifikidan gamomdinare dokumentacia - ganacxadi (mag. nasamarTleobis Sesaxeb), wesdeba, miRebis formebi.
IX. standartis SesrulebisaTvis saWiro resursebi da pirobebi:
1. lokaluri da teqnikuri pirobebi
programaSi gamoiyeneba LCW-s teqnikuri da adgilobrivi
resursebi.
2. adamianuri resursi
Tematur programas xelmZRvanelobs koordinatori.
Tematur programaSi sxvadasxva doneze CarTulni arian moxaliseebi.
rekomendebulia:
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Tematuri programis realizaciis dros koordinatorTan
SeiZleba iTanamSromlon: specialistebma, trenerebma, mrCevelTa gundebma (mag. programuli sabWo).
koordinatoris kompetenciebi:
- programis Temis kargi codna;
- menejeruli kompetenciebi;
- misiasTan, LCW-s miznebTan sakuTari Tavis identificireba, kvalifikaciis amaRlebis survili;
- mzadyofna cvlilebebisaTvis.
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Tavi IV
treningis masalebi
treningi
„moxaliseobis marTva”
(masalebi momzadebulia poloneTis moxaliseTa centrebis
qselis mier)
definiciebi
moxalise - nebismieri fizikuri piri romelic sakuTari
nebiT, anazRaurebis gareSe asrulebs samuSaos organizaciisaTvis/ dawesebulebisaTvis an konkretuli adamianebisaTvis
romlebic masTan naTesaur an megobrul kavSirSi ar imyofebian.
moxaliseoba - nebayoflobiTi, uangaro, gaazrebuli muSaoba sxvis sakeTildReod, naTesauri an megobruli kavSirebis
farglebs miRma.
moxaliseobis formebi: uvado, moklevadiani, erTjeradi,
perioduli, individualuri, jgufuri da sxva.
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moxaliseobis tipebi
1. moxaliseebs SeuZliaT imuSaon:
- individualurad an jgufurad
- samSobloSi an sazRvargareT
2. moxalisis muSaobas Semdegi xasiaTi SeiZleba hqondes:
(xangrZlivobis mixedviT)
xangrZlivi
xanmokle
erTjeradi
perioduli
(mag. sabavSvo banakebi, specialuri olimpiadebi)
gansakuTrebuli SemTxveva
(wyaldidoba, miwisZvra da a. S.)
gansakuTrebuli pirovneba
(mag. sakuTari saxelis „Txoveba“ cnobili pirovnebis mier)
specialuri davaleba
(mag. arqiteqturuli proeqti, eqspertiza)
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urTierTgacvla
Tavidan individualurad, Semdeg ki jgufurad CamowereT 5
ram rasac Tqven „RebulobT“ Tqveni samsaxurisgan da 5 ram rasac Cven „vaZlevT“ Cvens samsaxurs.
vRebulobvaZlev
adamianis moTxovnilebebi
sazogadoebrivi saqmianoba adamianis moRvaweobis erT-erT
mimarTulebas warmoadgens. sazogadoebrivi moRvaweobiT adamiani kavdeba sakuTari Rirebulebebis, rwmenis, interesebis da
garkveuli saWiroebebis safuZvelze romlebis dakmayofilebac Cveulebriv yvela adamians surs.
moTxovnilebebis ierarqia maslous Tanaxmad
TviTrealizebis moTxovnileba - sakuTari SesaZleblobebis realizebis da pirovnuli ganviTarebis moTxovnileba;
dadebiTi TviTSefasebis moTxovnileba, egos moTxovnileba - sakuTari Tavis pativiscema, statusi, avtoriteti;
sazogadoebrivi moTxovnileba - megobroba, aRiareba, jgufisadmi kuTvnileba.
usafrTxoebis moTxovnileba - safrTxis, tkivilis da
Seuracxyofisgan daculoba.
fiziologiuri moTxovnileba - kveba, sakuTari Weri, siTbo
da a. S
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TviTrealizebis
moTxovnileba
TviTSefasebis
moTxovnileba
sazogadoebrivi
moTxovnileba
usafrTxoebis moTxovnileba
fiziologiuri, yofiTi moTxovnileba
moTxovnilebebis ierarqia maslous Tanaxmad
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moxaliseTa motivacia
moxaliseebis ayvanis dros unda gesmodeT maTi motivacia da
Sesabamisad moeqceT maT.
moxalises SeiZleba surdes:
1. sakuTari Zalebis Semowmeba, TviTrealizacia,
2. gamocdilebis gaziareba,
3. axali unarebis SeZena,
4. xalxis gacnoba,
5. daxmarebis gaweva
6. martoobisgan gaqceva,
7. Tavisufali drois Sevseba,
8. sakuTari profesiuli gamocdilebis gaRrmaveba,
9. axali profesiuli SesaZleblobebis Semowmeba,
10. siamovnebsi miReba Sesrulebuli samuSaosgan,
11. sazogadoebrivi valis moxda,
12. profesiuli aqtiuroba,
13. politikur-sazogadoebrivi aqtiuroba,
14. sulieri da religiuri mrwamsis realizeba.
kiTxvaze Tu ratom surT moxaliseoba, moxaliseebma upasuxes:
1. vTvli rom mniSvnelovania sxvisTvis daxmarebis gaweva;
2. TanavugrZnob xalxs romelsac daxmareba sWirdeba;
3. vTvli rom es saqme Zalian mniSvnelovania da me SemiZlia
miviRo monawileoba am saqmeSi;
4. amas vakeTeb sakuTari siamovnebisaTvis;
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5. vgrZnob rom viRacas vWirdebi,
6. moxaliseobas afaseben is pirebi romlebic CemTvis mniSvnelovanni arian;
7. religiuri TvalsazrisiT;
8. Cemi moxaliseoba dadebiTad aisaxeba Cems Svilebze, ojaxis
sxva wevrebze an megobrebze;
9. moxaliseoba maZlevs saSualebas sxvagvarad Sevxedo situacias;
10. Tu me sxvas davexmarebi, sxvebi me damexmarebian.
risTvis vasaqmebT moxaliseebs?
- SeuZliaT Seasrulon samuSao romelzec ar aris gamoyofili saStato erTeuli;
- yvela samuSao ver iqneba anazRaurebadi;
- moxaliseebi Cvens organizacias axal masStabs aZleven;
- aqvT axali mosazrebebi, ar arian SezRudulni saorganizacio struqturiT;
- qmnian damatebiT jgufs romelic CarTulia Cveni organizaciis misiaSi;
- ufro sandos xdian Cvens moRvaweobas;
- sazogadoebaSi avrceleben Cveni organizaciis misias;
- axdenen saxsrebis moZiebas;
- maTi moRvaweoba mimarTulia sazogadoebis gaaqtiurebisken;
- es aris sazogadoebrivi kontrolis erT-erTi forma romelic adgilobriv sazogadoebas ndobas uRvivebs Cveni moRvaweobis mimarT.
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ZiriTadi problemebi romlebic dakavSirebulia moxaliseebis muSaobasTan
dasaxelebuli problemebi/Sefasebebi romlebic
dakavSirebulia
moxaliseebis muSaobasTan
am Sefasebis ZiriTadi mizezebi
moxalise damoukidebeTu organizaciaSi marTvis sistelia da SeuZlia ar Seasru- ma avtoritarulia moxaliseebi namlos organizaciaSi miRe- dvilad ar movlen, isini damoukidebuli wesebi.
blebi arian.
moxalise ar aris pasuxsakmarisad ar endobi xalxs, ar
ismgebeli - ar asrulebs gjera, rom kargad asruleben Tavis
Tavis movaleobebs.
movaleobebs. es problema agreTve
Cndeba moxalises movaleobebis
gaurkvevlobis SemTxvevaSic.
moxalises SeuZlia rame
gaafuWos, moiparos da mas
verafers vuzamT. (anazRaurebadi TanamSromelis
SemTxvevaSi SegviZliaT moviTxovoT pasuxi)
igive exeba anazRaurebad TanamSromels. zomebis miReba anazRaurebadi TanamSromlis mimarT
mxolod samsaxuridan ganTavisuflebaa, danarCen SemTxvevaSi darRvevas aregulirebs samoqalaqo
kodeqsi.
moxalises ver vaZlevT
kontraqti
ormxrivia,
moxSeniSvnas, ver davsjiT alises SeiZleba hqondes Tavisi
radgan ar vuxdiT xelfass. moTxovnebi magram rasakvirvelia
organizaciamac SeiZleba moTxovos pirobebis Sesruleba radganac
TanamSromlobis proceSi orive mxare Rebulobs sargeblobas.
moxalise specialisti
xSirad moxaliseSi ver xedaven
ar aris, is moyvarulia, ro- eqims, maswavlebels, niWier moswavmelic mxolod xels gviS- les magram moxaliseebs aqvT mniSlis.
vnelovani sazogadoebrivi roli.
mniSvnelovania is faqtic rom yovelTvis ar aris saWiro specialisti.
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organizaciis momzadeba moxaliseebTan muSaobisaTvis
sanam erTmoxalises mainc daasaqmeb, unda darwmunde - xar Tu
ara mzad moxaliseTa programis gansaxorcieleblad.
aris Tu ara momzadebuli programis marTvis wesebi - mag.
aqvs Tu ara moxalises samuSao adgili? aris Tu ara moxalisis
Sesrulebuli samuSaodan gamomdinare xarjebis dafarvis saSualeba? uzrunvelyof Tu ara moxalisis dazRvevas?
1. warmoadgens Tu ara moxaliseTa programa Seni organizaciis ganuyofel nawils?
2. gyavs Tu ara moxaliseTa koordinatori?
3. arsebobs Tu ara moxaliseebis movaleobebis werilobiTi
aRwera?
4. gaTvaliswinebulia Tu ara moxaliseebis treningi?
5. gaTvaliswinebulia moxaliseebisaTvis organizaciis
prezentacia?
6. aris Tu ara momzadebuli organizaciis personali moxalisis misaRebad?
7. gaTvaliswinebulia Tu ara Statiani TanamSromlebisaTvis
treningis Catareba moxaliseebTan TanamSromlobis Temaze?
8. aris Tu ara organizaciaSi moxalisis misaRebad Sesabamisi
atmosfero?
9. ra molodini gaqvT moxalisesTan dakavSirebiT?
10. dadgenilia Tu ara moxalisis qcevis normebi? (mag. punqtualuroba, Cacmulobis stili, TavSekaveba da a. S.)
11. dadgenilia Tu ara moxalisis muSaobis dokumentirebis
sistema? (saaTebi, xarjebi, dReebi da a. S.)
12. SemuSavebulia Tu ara moxaliseebisadmi mopyrobis sistema? (madlobis Tqma, Sexvedrebi, dabadebis dRis milocva da a. S.)
moxaliseebisadmi megobrulad ganwyobili organizacia
Zalian mokled mogaxsenebT Tu ras niSnavs CvenTvis „moxaliseebisadmi megobrulad ganwyobili organizacia“. moxaliseebTan TanamSromlobis arss warmoadgens moxaliseebis moRvawe79
obis dakavSireba Cveni organizaciis misiasTan da miznebTan.
arsebobs uamravi problema romelTa gadawyvetasac cdilobs
Cveni organizacia da raSic moxaliseebs Cveni daxmareba SeuZliaT. yvela organizaciaSi unda iyos koordinatori romelic
zrunavs moxaliseebze. man unda gaacnos moxalises organizacia
da uzrunvelyos igi zogadi an specialuri treningiT Tu es
aucilebelia misi saqmianobisaTvis. yvela moxalises unda esmodes Tavisi movaleobebi da zustad unda icodes ra unda akeTos. imisTvis rom moxalises gauCndes organizaciaSi dawesebulebaSi didi xniT darCenis survili - unda Seiqmnas sasiamovno
atmosfero romelSic sufevs ndoba, partnioroba da keTilganwyoba. am elementebs didi gavlena eqneba imaze Tu ramdeni xniT
SevZlebT moxalisis gaCerebas Cven organizaciaSi. zustad ase
gamoiyureba situacia im organizaciebSi romlebSic moxaliseebi kargad grZnoben Tavs. aseTi organizaciebi imsaxureben
moxaliseebisadmi megobrulad ganwyobili organizaciis sertifikats.
ZiriTadi kriteriumebi:
1. moxaliseTa programa warmoadgens organizaciis moRvaweobis ganuyofel nawils da mimarTulia organizaciis wesdebaSi
aRniSnuli miznebis miRwevisaken;
2. moxaliseebma ician - ra aris organizaciis misia, miznebi da
moRvaweobis arsi;
3. moxaliseTa sakiTxebze muSaobs momzadebuli koordinatori;
4. moxaliseebs aqvT garkveuli, konkretuli movaleobebi;
5. moxaliseebi momzadebulni arian am movaleobebis Sesasruleblad;
6. saStato personali momzadebulia moxaliseebTan TanamSromlobisaTvis;
7. organizaciaSi, moxaliseebTan mimarTebaSi sufevs megobruli da partnioruli atmosfero;
8. moxaliseebs aqvT ganviTarebis, TviTrealizebis, daxmarebis gawevis sakiTxebSi gadawyvetilebebis miRebis saSualeba;
9. organizaciaSi miRebulia wesebi: moxaliseebis part80
nioroba organizaciis TanamSromlebTan, kontraqtebi koordinatorTan, moxaliseebis Sexvedrebi mxardaWeris jgufis
farglebSi;
10. arsebobs moxaliseTa dafasebis SemuSavebuli sistema;
11. arsebobs moxaliseobis individualuri programa;
gTxovT daasaxeloT Tqveni organizaciis erTi saWiroeba
da misi dakmayofilebis xerxi erTi moxalisis meSveobiT.
amisTvis gTxovT aRweroT:
1. erTi saWiroeba romelic dakmayofilebul unda iqnas;
2. samuSaos tipi romelsac Seasrulebda erTi moxalise
(drois, adgilis, realizebis formis zusti aRniSvniT);
3. ra monacemebi unda gaaCndes moxalises (asaki, sqesi, ganaTleba, unar-Cvevebi);
4. gaTvaliswinebulia Tu ara moxalisis momzadeba samuSaos
SesrulebisaTvis? Tuki gaTvaliswinebulia - ra formiT?
5. ra mxardaWera aris gaTvaliswinebuli moxalisisadmi organizaciis mxridan?
6. ra motivacia aqvs moxalises am samuSaos SesrulebisaTvis?
7. moxalisis waxalisebis an misdami madlierebis gamoxatvis
ra formebi aris gaTvaliswinebuli organizaciis mier?
8. sad da rogor moviZioT moxaliseebi?
moxalisis dasaqmebis meTodebi
moxalisis dasaqmebis forma da informaciis gavrcelebis xerxi
damokidebulia miznobriv jgufze (vis vTavazobT daxmarebas).
1.ormxrivi komunikacia:
- individualuri saubari („erTi erTze”);
- Sexvedrebi mcire jgufebSi - diskusiebi, aRmzrdelobiT
gakveTilebSi monawileoba;
- sajaro gamosvlebi - konferencia, prezentacia;
- satelefono saubari nacnob an ucnob pirebTan - satelefono cnobaridan amorCeul nomerze darekva (zogjer undoblobas iwvevs), radiogadacema msmenelebis monawileobiT, interneti (diskusiebi);
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- pres-konferencia JurnalistebisaTvis (mxolod axali
RonisZiebebis SemTxvevaSi);
2. calmxrivi komunikacia:
-
werilebis dagzavna fostiT - SeiZleba gamoyeneba axali
programebis Sesaxeb informaciis gavrcelebis mizniT, SesaZloa Zviri iyos (safosto markebi), SesaZloa sxva korespondencias daurToT;
- fostiT gagzavnili broSurebi;
- statiebi specializirebul presaSi, organizaciis gazeTSi,
arasamTavrobo organizaciebis an saeklesio organizaciebis
biuletenebSi (Cveulebriv iSviaTad gamoicema);
- informacia yoveldRiur presaSi – mosaxleobis 30% kiTxulobs presas;
- radioinformacia - mravaljer SeiZleba iqnas gameorebuli,
magram radios yvela ar usmens;
- televizia (regionuli, sakabelo) - movlenebis gaSuqeba, informacia konkursebis Sesaxeb, interviu, reportaJi, Toq-Sou;
- plakatebi, sareklamo furclebi - SeiZleba gavrceldes
safosto ganyofilebebSi, sadgurebze, biblioTekebSi, skolebSi, supermarketebSi, jandacvis dawesebulebebSi an sxva sazogadoebriv adgilebSi (yovelTvis saWiroa miviRoT adgilis mepatronis Tanxmoba);
- veb-gverdi (gvaxsovdes ganaxlebis Sesaxeb).
TiToeul punqts aqvs Tavisi dadebiTi da uaryofiTi mxare.
moxaliseebis moZebnis mizniT informaciis gavrceleba araformaluri gzebiT (nacnobebis, mezoblebis, megobrebis daxmarebiT) aris erT-erTi saukeTeso da Sedegiani gza miznis misaRwevad.
uSualo kontaqtis formebi romlebic ormxriv komunikacias eyrdnoba bevrad ufro efeqturia vidre erTmxrivi komunikacia. Tu aris amis saSualeba - unda gamoviyenoT piradi
gavlenebic. Cveulebriv, amas kargi Sedegebi moaqvs xolme potenciuri moxaliseebis Ziebisas. agreTve karg Sedegs iZleva
ramodenime meTodis Serwymac.
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gamovarCevT moxaliseebis moZiebis sam ZiriTad strategias:
1. pasiuri – moxaliseebma TviTon mimarTes organizacias
(gaiges amis Sesaxeb nacnobebisagan, waikiTxes gancxadeba da
sxva);
2. seleqciuri – veZebT moxaliseebs specialuri davalebebisaTvis. kargad momzadebuli movaleobebis da moxalisis Tvisebebis aRwera „moxaliseobis individualur programaSi“ moqvcems saSualebas amovirCioT specializirebuli davalebebis
SesrulebisaTvis Sesaferisi pirebi;
3. zogadi – informaciis masobrivad gavrceleba, gancxadebebi radioSi, statiebi gazeTSi, sabiuleteno informacia.
moxaliseTa rekrutireba
sad SeiZleba potenciuri moxaliseebis moZieba:
- nacnobebi da megobrebi,
-mezoblebi,
-
skolebi da saswavleblebi,
-
studenturi saerTo sacxovreblebi,
-
organizaciebi da dawesebulebebi,
-
pensionerTa klubebi,
-eklesiebi,
-
raionuli klubebi,
-
axalgazrduli, kulturuli, ekologiuri da sxva organizaciebi,
-
bavSvTa saxlebi,
-sxva.
molodinebis kontraqti moxalise
ra kiTxvebi SeiZleba dasvas moxalisem samuSaos dawyebamde?
1)
riT viqnebi dakavebuli?
2)
ra dros davuTmob samuSaos?
3)
ra unda vqna rame Tu ar gamomivida?
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4)
aris Tu ara gaTvaliswinebuli treningi?
5) damexmarebiT Tu ara muSaobisas axali saqmis da problemis daZlevaSi?
6) rogor gaaZlierebT Cems TviTSefasebas, saidan gavigeb
rom kargad vasruleb davalebas?
7)
damexmarebiT Cemi unarebis SefasebaSi?
8)
aris vinme, vinc moxaliseebs uWers mxars?
9) ra SezRudvebia mosalodneli da ra momentebSi SemiZlia
mogmarToT daxmarebisaTvis?
10) ramdenad agebT pasuxs Cems muSaobaze - gaTvaliswinebulia Tu ara pasuxismgeblobis gaZliereba? momcemT axal davalebebs?
11) damiWerT Tu ara mxars im SemTxvevaSi Tuki damemata
davalebebi da maSasadame gaizarda Cemi pasuxismgeblobac?
12) rodesac daviRlebi, momcemT Tu ara saSualebas rom mSvidad davSordeT erTmaneTs?
molodinebis kontraqti koordinatori
ra kiTxvebi SeiZleba dasvas koordinatorma moxalisis
samuSaod ayvanis dros?
1. ici organizaciis specifika?
2. ratom xar dainteresebuli Cvens organizaciaSi muSaobiT?
3. ra molodini gaqvs Cvens organizaciaSi muSaobasTan dakavSirebiT?
4. yofilxar adre moxalise?
5. ra dro SegiZlia dauTmo organizaciaSi muSaobas?
6. gsurs miiRo monawileoba moxaliseebis mosamzadebel
treningSi?
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7. ra SezRudvebi gaqvs? (mag. janmrTelobasTan, transportTan dakavSirebuli)
8. gaqvs raime gansakuTrebuli interesi, hobi?
9. gaqvs Tu ara gamocdileba, romelic dagexmareba Cvens organizaciaSi muSaobis dros?
10.........................................................................................................
molodinebis dauwereli kontraqti
formalur, werilobiT kontraqtebTan erTad arsebobs
„dauwereli kontraqtebi“ romelTa safuZvelzec Cven meore
mxares vTavazobT „raRacas raRacis“ sanacvlod. es aris gacemuli da miRebuli energiis balansi. Cndeba araformaluri,
bolomde gauazrebeli kavSiri romelsac SegviZlia vuwodoT
fsiqologiuri xelSekruleba an molodinebis dauwereli kontraqti.
sazogadoebriv cxovrebaSi arsebobs damokidebulebis sami
tipi:
1. iZulebuli xar iyo iq sadac xar imitom rom unda iyo iq
(cixe, saavadmyofo, jari da a. S.);
2. gaTvla (kalkulaciuri midgoma) - xar iq imitom rom ginazRaureben iq yofnas. aseT SemTxvevaSi akeTeb mxolod imas rasac
unda akeTebde da arafer zedmets;
3. kooperacia - xar iq imitom rom eTanxmebi organizaciis
miznebs, xalxs romelic iq muSaobs. am SemTxvevaSi verafers gibrZaneben, SeuZliaT mxolod TxovniT mogmarTon. Tu ar eTanxmebi SegiZlia uari Tqva.
arasamTavrobo organizaciebs da TviTdaxmarebis jgufebs
sakuTari specifika aqvT. xalxi romelic iq midis, iziarebs
im Rirebulebebs romelic organizacias an jgufs gaaCnia.
bunebrivia, xSir SemTxvevaSi Cndeba fsiqologiuri urTierTTanamSromlobis kontraqti. unda gvaxsovdes rom es kontraqti adamians saSualebas aZlevs garkveul momentSi uari Tqvas
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TanamSromlobaze. aqedan gamomdinare, organizaciebis xelmZRvaneloba xSirad Tvlis bevrad advilia muSaoba anazRaurebad
TanamSromlebTan, gaTvliTi (kalkulaciuri) kontraqtis
safuZvelze. winaaRmdegobis saSualeba am SemTxvevaSi SezRudulia. TumcaRa anazRaurebad TanamSromlebsac surT sjerodeT rom isini aRiqmebian rogorc partniorebi.
rodesac rames sakuTari surviliT vakeTebT, gvsurs darwmunebulebi viyoT rom karg saqmes CavdivarT romelic dadebiTad fasdeba garSemomyofTa mier. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi
Cndeba disonansi Cvens moqmedebasa da sulier ganwyobas Soris
Soris.
amitomac, mniSvnelovania gvesmodes Tu ratom unda adamians
organizaciaSi muSaoba, ra gvexmareba samuSao urTierTobebSi
da ra arRvevs TanamSromlobis balanss.
yuradReba unda mivaqcioT sam aspeqts:
1. adamians uyvars imis keTeba rasac garkveuli Sedegi
moaqvs;
2. adamians surs rom kargad grZnobdes Tavs im saqmianobaSi
romelsac asrulebs;
3. TiToeuli adamiani gansxvavebulia da gansxvavebuli
survilebi aqvs sxvadasxva dros da sxvadasxva situaciebSi.
motivaciis 10 faqtori
SemogTavazebT motivaciis 10 faqtors. gTxovT TiToeuli
maTgani SeafasoT 1-10 qulamde skaliT.
qulis simaRle damokidebulia imaze Tu ramdenad mniSvnelovania es faqtori Tqvens organizaciaSi. bolos SeajameT
qulebi da gamoiTvaleT saSualo Sedegi.
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1.
saerTo xedva wamowyebul saqmeze;
2.
monawileoba gadawyvetilebebis miRebaSi;
3.
pasuxismgebloba jgufis moRvaweobaze;
4.
codnis da unarebis gamoyenebis saSualeba;
5.
axali codnis miRebis saSualeba;
6.
jildos miRebis SesaZlebloba;
7. mxardaWera jgufis sxva wevrebis mxridan, sasiamovno
atmosferos Seqmna;
8.
gasagebad gadanawilebuli rolebi;
9.
gasagebi da zusti davalebebi;
10. imis gaTviTcnobiereba rom jgufis muSaobaSi aucilebelia erTianoba.
qulebis jami ......................
moxaliseebis da TanamSromlebis muSaobis dafasebis wesebi
xelmZRvaneli iseT pirobebs unda qmnides organizaciaSi rom
yvela TanamSromeli da moxalise grZnobdes sakuTar saWiroebas da misi Sromis dafasebas. xelmZRvanelma unda icodes vin
arian masTan momuSave moxaliseebi da ra pirovnuli TvisebebiT
gamoirCevian isini. aseTi midgoma uzrunvelyofs moxaliseebis
moRvaweobis xangrZlivobas, ganapirobebs meti kmayofilebis
miRebas Sesrulebuli samuSaosgan, moxaliseebi rwmundebian
rom swori gza amoirCies.
moxaliseebis da TanamSromlebis Sromis dafaseba SemTxveviTi movlena ki ar unda iyos aramed organizaciis samuSao reJimis Cveulebriv nawils unda warmoadgendes.
dafasebis gamoxatvis zogierTi magaliTi:
1. dafaseba xSirad unda gamovxatoT;
2. dafasebis forma mravalferovani unda iyos;
3. gulaxdilebi unda viyoT;
4. unda daafaso moxalise an TanamSromeli da ara mxolod mis
mier Sesrulebuli samuSao;
5. dafaseba miRwevebis „proporciuli“ unda iyos;
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6. sxvadasxva moxalisis/TanamSromlis msgavsi miRwevebi msgavsad unda iqnas dafasebuli;
7. dafaseba individualuri unda iyos;
8. dafaseba Sesabamis dros unda iqnas gamoxatuli;
9. gansakuTrebuli yuradReba unda mivaqcioT miRwevas romelic mniSvnelovania da romelsac momavalSi kvlav moveliT;
10. Tuki adamians ar davafasebT, maSin...
moxaliseebis motivireba
moxalisis maRal motivacias da organizaciaSi mis xangrliv
moRvaweobas xels uwyobs garkveuli wesebis dacva:
- moxalisis da organizaciis misiis urTierTkavSiri;
- anazRaurebad TanamSromlebTan kargi urTierToba - xazis
gasma rom moxalise aris koleqtivis srulfasovani wevri da mas
SeuZlia gavlena moaxdinos gadawyvetilebis miRebaze, rom vendobiT mas;
- davalebebis micema SesaZleblobebis Sesabamisad, moxalisis molodinebis gaTvaliswineba, naTeli davalebebi;
- moxalisis ganviTarebis da TviTrealizebis SesaZlebloba;
- dafaseba;
- mxardaWeris gamoxatva moxalisis mimarT, dadebiTi atmosferos Seqmna mis garSemo (gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania muSaobis pirvel xanebSi);
- religiuri, eTikuri da sxva elementebis Semotana motivaciis gazrdis mizniT.
ukuinformaciis gadacemis unari
ukuinformacia rogorc urTierTobis gamaZlierebeli
elementi.
Cven mniSvnelovan informacias viRebT sxva adamianebisgan
romelic ukuinformacias warmoadgens Cveni qcevis Sesaxeb.
msgavsi informacia gvaZlevs saSualebas sxvisi reagireba
88
gamoviyenoT rogorc sarke Cvens qcevaze dasakvirveblad. aseTi ukuinformacia saSualebas gvaZlevs ukeTesad gavigoT, ras
vakeTebT da rogor vakeTebT. is agreTve gvaZlevs saSualebas
SevcvaloT Cveni qceva ise rom sxvebTan kontaqtebi ufro efeqturi gavxadoT.
mokled rom vTqvaT, „ukuinformacia“ aris pasuxi imaze Tu
ra gavlenas axdens sxvebze Cveni konkretuli qceva. ukuinformacia gvexmareba SevinarCunoT aRebuli gezi.
ukuinformaciis miwodebis ramdenime wesi:
*unda aRvweroT da ara SeafasoT.
Cveni reagirebis aRwera saSualebas aZlevs msmenels iseTi
pasuxi gasces romelic ufro obieqturi iqneba. SefasebisaTvis
Tavis arideba Seamcirebs damcavi reaqciis saWiroebas.
*ukuinformacia unda iyos konkretuli da ara zogadi.
naklebad Sedegiani iqneboda rom gveTqva - „avtoritaruli
xar“, ukeTesia vTqvaT - „maSin, rodesac ganvixilavdiT am problemas, Sen sxvebs yurs ar ugdebdi. iZulebuli viyavi mimeRo
Seni argumentebi an mzad vyofiliyavi Seni TavdasxmisaTvis“.
*ukuinformacia unda iTvaliswinebdes orive mxaris
moTxovnilebebs.
ukuinformacia SeiZleba destruqciuli iyos Tu is akmayofilebs Cvens sakuTar moTxovnilebebs da ar iTvaliswinebs im
adamianis moTxovnilebebs romelic Rebulobs am informacias.
*unda exebodes qcevebs romlebzec Tanamosaubres SeiZleba gavlena hqondes.
rodesac adamians miuTiTeb iseT Tvisebebze romlebzec mas
kontrolis saSualeba ar aqvs, aman SeiZleba wyena da imedgacrueba gamoiwvios masSi.
* unda moicavdes arakategoriul formulirebebs rac
xels uwyobs konstruqciul saubars.
aseTi mimarTva dialogis wamowyebis Sanss iZleva. garda amisa, saubari imaze Tu rogor grnoben Tavs mocemul situaciaSi
89
ukuinformaciis gadamcemi da mimRebi pirebi - maT Soris dialogis Camoyalibebas uwyobs xels.
*ukuinformacia saTanado dros unda iqnas gadacemuli.
ukuinformacia bevrad ufro Sedegiani iqneba Tu misi gadacema uSualod konkretuli saqcielis Cadenidan cota xanSi
moxdeba (ra Tqma unda es damokidebulia imazec Tu ramdenad
mzad aris pirovneba ukuinformaciis misaRebad, ramdenad
grZnobs garSemo myofTagan mxardaWeras da a. S.)
*ukuinformacia sajarod unda iqnas gadacemuli Tuki is
dadebiTia. uaryofiTi ukuinformaciis SemTxvevaSi sjobs es
individualurad gakeTdes.
aseTi modeli saSualebas aZlevs orive mxares (ukuinformaciis gadamcems da mimRebs) rom koleqtivis winaSe Seamowmon am
informaciis sandooba da gaigon - es erTi adamianis mosazrebaa
Tu sxva TanamSromlebic ase fiqroben.
90
Tavi V
polonuri moxaliseobis kargi gamocdileba
qvemoT warmogidgenT specialurad SerCeul ramdenime moxaliseobriv programas im mravalTagan romlebic lublinis
moxaliseTa centris mier iqna ganxorcielebuli. organizacia
1999 wlidan moRvaweobs gaWirvebulTa dasaxmareblad. eseni
arian sxvadasxva asakis adamianebi: bavSvebi, axalgazrdebi da
mozrdilebi. maT Soris arian rogorc polonelebi agreTve
ucxoelebi. organizacia Tavis rigebSi aerTianebs studentebs,
pensionerebs da saSualo asakis dasaqmebul adamianebs. organizaciis CarCoebSi moRvaweobs agreTve saerTaSoriso moxaliseobis jgufi „Omnes Gentes“. es aris damatebiTi SesaZlebloba
lublinSi mcxovrebi ucxoelebisaTvis romlebic moxaliseobriv saqmianobaSi CarTvis gziT ukeT moaxerxeben integracias.
yvela aqcia romelic aq aris warmodgenili, konkretuli adamianuri saWiroebis safuZvelze warmoiSva, situaciaSi rodesac
adamianebis Rirseba safrTxis qveS imyofeboda. diagnostikis
Catarebisa da realuri mdgomareobis aRweris Semdeg organizacia svamda sakiTxs Tu rogor unda gaeca pasuxi arsebul
moTxovnilebebze. meTodebisa da formebis SemuSavebas moxaliseebi axdendnen. sakuTari miznebis realizaciisas organizacia
TanamSromlobs adgilobriv xelisuflebasa da sxvadasxva
dawesebulebebTan magram is Zala romlis gareSec dasaxuli
miznebis miRweva SeuZebeli iqneboda pirvel rigSi ra Tqma unda
moxaliseebi arian.
warmodgenili namuSevrebis avtorebi arian pirebi romlebic
uSualod iyvnen CarTulebi maT mier aRweril iniciativebSi. isini
calkeuli moxaliseobrivi programebis koordinatorebi iyvnen.
cxeli patruli
cxeli patruli - esaa programa romlis mizanic usaxlkaroebis daxmarebaa, maT Soris im usaxlkaroebis daxmareba romleb91
sac am situaciidan Tavis daRweva da normalur cxovrebaSi dabruneba undaT. programis beneficiarebi ZiriTadad 40-50 wlis
asakis mamakacebi arian. maT umetesobas saSualo an saSualo teqnikuri ganaTleba gaaCnia Tumca umaRlesi ganaTlebis mqonenic
gvxvdebian. sul ufro meti axalgazrda gvxvdeba bolo wlebSi
romelTa asakic 20-30 welia, isini ZiriTadad gamosasworebeli
dawesebulebebis yofili aRsazrdelebi an yofili patimrebi
arian.
usaxlkarobas bevri mizezi aqvs
rodesac sazogadoeba Raribdeba advilia rom bevri adamiani
gariyuli aRmoCndes. biznesis dakargva, axlobeli adamianebis mxardaWeris dakargva, susti fsiqika, alkohilizmisadmi midrekileba, es yvelaferi quCaSi aRmoCenis mizezi SeiZleba gaxdes.
Cveni beneficiarebis umetesoba disfunqciuri ojaxebis
warmomadgenlebi arian romlebSic ar arsebobda kargi urTierToba. didi nawili dangreuli ojaxis Svilebi arian an iseTi
ojaxebis sadac alkoholizmi da kriminali Cveulebrivi ambavi
iyo. TavianTi mSoblebisagan mxolod cud magaliTs iRebdnen,
xdebodnen alkoholikebi, damnaSaveebi, xvdebodnen cixeSi,
amasobaSi ki maTi ojaxuri kavSirebi sabolood qreboda. usaxlkaroebis did nawils zurgsukan zustad aseTi gamocdileba
aqvs. xSirad maTi ojaxebi alkoholizmis gamo ingreoda. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT usaxlkaroTa Soris Zalze bevria yofili
bavSvTa saxlis an sxva gamosasworebeli dawesebulebis aRsazrdeli. usaxlkarobis mizezi ra Tqma unda poloneTSi uaxloes
warsulSi ganviTarebuli socialur-ekonomikuri movlenebic
gaxda. zogi usaxlkaro adre Tavisi samsaxuridan gamomdinare
qarxnebisa da fabrikebis saerTo sacxovreblebSi an samxedro
garnizonebSi cxovrobda, maT arasodes hqoniaT sakuTari bina.
wyobis Secvlis Semdeg maTi nawili quCaSi aRmoCnda. aris SemTxvevbi rodesac adamianebma TavianTi qoneba TandaTanobiT
gayides an dakarges da ojaxic daengraT. raRac periodi isini
92
axloblebTan cxovrobdnen magram es usasrulod ver gagrZeldeboda da sabolood aseTi adamianebis umetesoba quCaSi moxvda. usaxlkarobis xSiri mizezia fsiqikuri daavadebebic. usaxlkaroebs misamarTi ar aqvT - isini mudmivad mogzauroben.
magaliTad usaxlkaro jdeba matarebelSi, Camodis lublinSi
da is ukve „Cveni usaxlkaro“ xdeba.
lublinSi 350-mde usaxlkaroa. isini ZiriTadad specialuri
dawesebulebebis meurveobis qveS imyofebian. moxaliseebi aseTi tipis usaxlkaroebTan sporadulad muSaoben vinaidan maT
TavSesafrebSi garkveuli, minimaluri mainc pirobebi aqvT Seqmnili. moxaliseebis ZiriTadi interesis sagani am SemTxvevaSi
is usaxlkaroebi arian romlebsac ar moswonT TavSesafris „reJimuli“ cxovreba da amitom ZiriTadad moxetiale cxovrebas
ewevian. wliurad moxaliseebi 100-mde usaxlkaros uweven daxmarebas. xdeba xolme wlis ganmavlobaSi daxmareba ramdenjerme
erTsa da imave usaxlkaros eweva Tumca aseTebi cotani arian
radganac maTi kontingenti mudmivad icvleba - usaxlkaroebis
didi nawili poloneTis sxva adgilebSi gadaadgilebas agrZelebs, zogi cixeSi xvdeba, zogi kvdeba xolo zogi sabednierod
normalur cxovrebas ubrundeba.
TiToeul usaxlkaros sakuTari adamianuri istoria da
sakuTari xasiaTi aqvs.
Cemi sakuTari gamocdilebidan vici rom usaxlkaroebi da
loTebi xSir SemTxvevaSi sasiamovno xalxia zog maTgans ki
pirdapir oqros guli aqvs. isini sakmaod gulisxmieri adamianebi arian da xalisiT hyvebian Tavis ambavs. ra Tqma unda gvxvdebian rTuli xasiaTis mqone pirebic Tumca Cven rogorc
moxaliseebs fsiqopaTebi ar Segvxvedria da arc saSiS situaciebSi movxvedrilvarT. zogjer xdeba xolme rom usaxlkaro
impulsurad reagirebs da „mware“ sityvebiT gamoxatavs Tavis
saTqmels magram rogorc wesi moxaliseebis TandaswrebiT aseTi ram iSviaTad xdeba xolme.
93
wels mkacri zamTari iyo
cxeli patruli 2002 wlis Semodgomaze Seiqmna. am jgufis
Seqmnis upirvelesi mizezi iyo tragikuli statistika - im wels
Semodgoma sakmaod civi gamodga da mediaSi gamoCnda informaciebi gayinuli usaxlkaroebis Sesaxeb. amis pasuxad „morwmune
axalgazrdobis centrSi“ gawevrianebuli axalgazrdebi, moZRvrebis xelmZRvanelobiT saqmes Seudgnen. Tavdapirvelad
gaCnda idea rom gaekeTebinaT buterbrodebi, Cai da daerigebinaT gaWirvebulTaTvis. aseTi adamianebis naxva mravlad SeiZleba rkinigzis sadgurebze da qalaqis miyruebul ubnebSi.
rodesac moxaliseebma am adamianebamde miaRwies, daiwyes maTi
gamokiTxva problemebisa da saWiroebebis Sesaxeb - moxaliseebi
xom specialistebi ar iyvnen da wesierad isic ki ar icodnen Tu
lublinSi rogor moqmedebs usaxlkaroTa daxmarebis sistema.
droTa ganmavlobaSi moxaliseebma es sistema kargad gaicnes da
isic daadgines Tu sad iyo am sistemis defeqtebi, magaliTad is
rom alkoholiki usaxlkaroebis umetesobas SesaZlebloba ar
hqonda Tavi sadme Seefarebina.
pirveli wlis ganmavlobaSi moxaliseebi vagzlis xelmZRvanelobasTan TanamSromlobdnen: isini vagzlis SenobaSi
arigebdnen buterbrodebs, Cais da saxvevebs. Semdegi wlebis
ganmavlobaSi situacia Seicvala, sadguris Senoba remontis
reJimze gadavida da usaxlkaroebis da moxaliseebis iq yofna
SeuZlebeli gaxda. am periodSi moxaliseTa centri sxva dainteresebul mxareebTan erTad qalaqis xelmZRvanelobasTan da
sadguris ufrosTan molaparakebebs awarmoebda ris Sedegadac
SesaZlebeli gaxda usaxlkaroebisTvis gasaTbobi oTaxis mowyoba.
programa cxeli patrulis daarsebis kidev erTi mizezi CemTvis piradad aris mniSvnelovani. 2002 wels vmonawileobdi pap
ioane pavle meoris ukanasknel mogzaurobaSi poloneTSi. mTeli misi mogzauroba adamianTa mimarT gulmowyalebas eZRvneboda. erT-erTi locvis dros wminda mamam dauviwyari sityvebi
94
warmoTqva: rodesac is saubrobda im sferoebze romlebSic
qristianma, polonelma adamianma unda iRvawos sxva adamianTa
sasikeTod, man gansakuTrebiT aRniSna usaxlkaro adamianTa
xvedri. maTze zrunva man moixsenia erT-erT mniSvnelovan qristianul movaleobad.
papis am sityvebma, realurma saWiroebam da agreTve mRvdel
meCislav puzeviCis (romelic moxaliseTa meurvea) gansakuTrebulma damokidebulebam am sakiTxis mimarT ganapiroba
am programis Seqmna. mama meCislavma daainteresa axalgazrdebi
usaxlkaroebis sakiTxiT da aqtiurad CarTo isini maTi daxmarebis saqmeSi.
adamianis Sexvedra adamianTan
cxeli patrulis ZiriTadi azria adamianis adamianTan Sexvedra, mis gverdiT yofna, gaWirvebis gaziareba, mis problemebze
da krizisul situaciebze reagireba, daxmareba usaxlkarobidan Tavis daRwevis saqmeSi.
gawvdil xels yovelTvis sixaruliT ar xvdebian - zogierTi
adamiani eCveva usaxlkarobas, ukve aRar SeuZlia adaptacia sxva
realobasTan da usaxlkarobaSi amTavrebs Tavis sicocxles.
TumcaRa, zogierTis gadarCena SeiZleba - gansakuTrebiT axalgazrdebis romlebic didi xani araa rac usaxlkarobaSi moxvdnen. moxaliseebi cdiloben rom aseTi adamianebisTvis erTgvari
maSveli rgolis roli Seasrulon. maT raime gansakuTrebuli
instrumentebi ar aqvT, ubralod maT gverdiT arian.
am wlebis ganmavlobaSi moxaliseebs xSirad dauCivliaT rom
maT Sromas Sedegi ar moaqvs xolo ambiciuri mizani - adamianebis usaxlkarobidan gamoyvana - isev da isev miuRweveli rCeba. aqedan gamomdinare unda davuSvaT rom programis mTavari
mizani aris im adamianebis gverdiT yofna romlebic cxovrebis
ferxulis ganapiras aRmoCndnen, maTTvis SesaZleblobis micema
95
rom ekontaqton keTilad ganwyobili adamianebis jgufs, mimarTon maT saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi daxmarebisaTvis.
patruli mudmivad viTardeba
rogorc ukve vTqviT yvelaferi buterbrodebidan da Caidan
daiwyo, cota xanSi ki rkinigzis sadgurze ukve moZravi afTiaqic
gamoCnda romelic usaxlkaroebs emsaxureboda. amasTanave, ufro
gaRrmavda kontaqti usaxlkaroebTan, daiwyo maT ojaxebTan kontaqtebis damyarebis mcdelobebi. moxaliseebi sxvadasxva formebs
mimarTavdnen. es iyo sakvirao Tematuri Sexvedrebi eklesiebTan
arsebul specialur darbazebSi, locvebi usaxlkaroebisaTvis usaxlkaroebTan erTad, maTi CarTva sxvadasxva aqtivobebSi. tradiciad iqca agreTve megobruli koconebi romlebmac urTierTobebSi Tvisobrivad axali xarisxi Semoitanes. agreTve tradiciad
iqca sxvadasxva dResaswaulebTan da RirsSesaniSnav TariRebTan dakavSirebuli Sexvedrebi romelTa drosac usaxlkaroebs
saCuqrebic gadaecemodaT xolme.
programaSi monawile moxaliseTa nawilma TanamSromloba
daiwyo usaxlkaroTa mxardaWeris „dRis centrTan“. axalgazrdebi daniSnul dros midiodnen centrSi, saubrobdnen
usaxlkaroebTan, igebdnen maT problemebs da Semdeg SesaZleblobis farglebSi exmarebodnen am adamianebs maTi problemebis gadawyvetaSi. moxaliseebi exmarebodnen usaxlkaroebs
sxvadasxva formaluri sakiTxebis mogvarebaSi - magaliTad,
Sromis birJaze registraciaSi an piradobis damadasturebeli
dokumentebis aRebaSi. zogjer moxaliseebi ubralod SaSis saTamaSod da Cais dasalevadac ki midiodnen usaxlkaroebTan da
aseTi megobruli vizitebiT aferadebdnen maT nacrisfer yofas. iyo samwuxaro SemTxvevebic. rodesac romelime usaxlkaro
kvdeboda, moxaliseebi organizebas ukeTebdnen dakrZalvas
Semdeg ki permanentulad uvlidnen maT saflavebs.
mTeli am wlebis ganmavlobaSi programis meurveebi mokavSireebs eZebdnen. magaliTad, sakvebis SegrovebaSi moxali96
seebs lublinis erT-erTi skola exmarebodaT. moxaliseebi
produqtebisTvis midiodnen agreTve hipermarketebSi, eklesiebSi, dafinansebis mopovebisaTvis akiTxavdnen adgilobrivi xelisuflebis organoebs da sxva dawesebulebebs.
cxeli partulis moxaliseebi agreTve awarmoeben saofise morigeobasa da sakonsultacio saqmianobas, exmarebian
moxaliseebs oficialuri werilebis daweraSi sxvadasxva
organos saxelze, mihyvebian maT eqimTan an sxvadasxva uwyebebSi vizitebisas. xSirad momxdara rom moxalises saswrafo
daxmareba gamouZaxia romelime usaxlkarosTvis, saavadmyofoSic gahyolia, Semdegi dReebis ganmavlobaSi ki araerTxel
mounaxulebia saavadmyofoSi myofi usaxlkaro. moxaliseebi
cdiloben usaxlkaroebis dainteresebas rom maT isargeblon
institucionaluri daxmarebiT - magaliTad, TavSesafrebiTa
da sxva Ramis gasaTevi adgilebiT zamTris periodSi - rac
usaxlkaroebisgan garkveul disciplinasa da TavSekavebas
moiTxovs. yvela usaxlkaros ar SeuZlia uari Tqvas alkoholis moxmarebaze. am mizniT moxaliseebi cdiloben rom
maTi meurveobis qveS myofni antialkoholur mkurnalobaze
daiyolion.
daxmarebis programis farglebSi moxaliseebi axorcieleben qalaq lublinis im adgilebis kvlevas sadac potenciurad
SeiZleba usaxlkaroebi cxovrobdnen. aseT adgilebad SeiZleba
CaiTavlos: saagarake nakveTebi, mitovebuli saxlebi, parkebi
da sxvadasxva „bunagebi“ romlebsac xandaxan SeiZleba sruliad moulodnel adgilebSi gadavawydeT xolme. cxeli patruli
saganmanaTleblo saqmianobasac eweoda - es iyo treningebi
skolebsa da internatebSi romlebic usaxlkaroebisadmi Camoyalibebuli stereotipebis msxvrevas eZRvneboda. TavianTi
saqmianobis dawyebis win moxaliseebi gadian treningebisa da
Sexvedrebis mosamzadebel cikls. isini xvdebian sxvadasxva specialistebs, maT Soris alkoholuri da sxva tipis damokidebulebebis mkurnal Terapevtebs.
renata dobJinska
97
xidi
„rodesac sityvas iZaxi, keTil sityvas, arc ki ici rom xids
ageb. Sen sityva warmoTqvi, am sityvam ki xidi aago romelmac Sen
sxva adamianTan dagakavSira”. ucnobi avtoris es sityvebi kargad gamoxataven moxaliseobrivi programis arss romlis dasaxelebacaa „xidi“ da romelic tardeba „lublinis moxaliseTa
centris“ mier. programis ZiriTadi mizania egreT wodebuli
gansakuTrebuli riskis qveS myofi bavSvebisa da mozardebis mxardaWera. programis monawileebi moRvaweoben yvela im adgilas
sadac arsebobs sazogadoebidan gariyulobisa da disfunqciis
riski. lublinSi aseT adgilad moiazreba erT-erTi yvelaze
ufro xelmiSvebuli ubani - bronovice stare.
am adgilas moxalisebis yofnis saWiroeba eWvgareSea.
uzarmazari umuSevroba, siRatake, alkoholuri, narko- da
sxva tipis damokidebulebebi, cxovrebiseuli usasooba - ai
ramdenime ZiriTadi im problemaTagan romlebTanac uxdebaT yoveldRiuri Sexeba am ubnis macxovreblebs. Zalze cudi
sacxovrebeli pirobebi da disfunqciuri ojaxebi ra Tqma unda
xels aranairad ar uwyoben bavSvebis swor ganviTarebas. axalgazrdebi romlebic mSoblebis yuradRebisa da interesebis
sferos miRma arian darCenilebi quCuri aRzrdisa da socializaciis erTgvar skolas gadian. aq bavSvebi swrafad iTviseben
normaluri sazogadoebisaTvis miuRebel mraval Cvevas, xdebian araformaluri axalgazrduli dajgufebebis wevrebi da am
yvelafris Sedegad Zalze swrafad Sedian konfliqtSi kanonTan. maT rogorc wesi „ZneladaRsazrdel“ an „paTologiur“
axalgazrdebs uwodeben da isini daRdasmulebi da gariyulebi
arian normaluri sazogadoebis mier.
TamaSis faseuloba
moxaliseTa moqmedebebis pirveli da umTavresi mizani
aris ubnis quCebsa da ezoebSi sxvadasxva aqciebis organizeba
98
romlebSic CarTulebi iqnebian adgilobrivi axalgazrdebi.
sxvadasxva moZraobiTi da SemoqmedebiTi TamaSebis wyalobiT axalgazrdebs SeuZliaT Tavisufali dro azrianad da
Rirebulad gaataron. maT aqvT saSualeba rom gamoamJRavnon
TavianTi niWi, daeuflon axal unarebs, gaecnon Tavisufali
drois gatarebis da TanatolebTan integrirebis axal, saintereso formebs. TavianTi muSaobis meTodebis saSualebiT
moxaliseebi bavSvebsa da mozardebs gadascemen pozitiur
Rirebulebebsa da magaliTebs romlebsac isini ar icnoben da
risi miRebis saSualebac maT sakuTari garemos pirobebSi ar
aqvT. TamaSebi da konkursebi bavSvebs aCveven gundur muSaobas, komunikabelurobas, interpersonalur unarebs da Tundac sxvadasxva cxovrebiseul situaciaSi moqcevis principebs. Cveulebrivi TamaSi mantiis qveS sinamdvileSi imaleba
uzarmazari cxovrebiseuli gakveTili axalgazrda adamianebisaTvis.
Cven pasuxismgeblebi varT imaze rasac aviTvisebT
moxalise romelic „quCur“ muSaobas gadawyvets, unda acnobierebdes rom es martivi amocana ar aris. sxva adamianTan
urTierToba arasdros ar eyrdnoba raRac erTjeradad Seswavlil moqcevis sqemas, Sesabamisad ar arsebobs mza recepti
imisa Tu rogor avagoT urTierToba bavSvTan an mis ojaxTan.
aq Zalze mniSvnelovan rols TamaSobs intuicia da agreTve
sxva adamianisadmi gaxsniloba. adamiani unda miviRoT iseTi
rogoric aris, Tavisi naklovanebebiTa da defeqtebiT. rodesac bavSvTan an mozardTan urTierTobas vamyarebT, unda
gvaxsovdes rom am urTierTobis SenarCunebaze Cven varT
pasuxismgeblebi rogorc ufrosi adamianebi. imisaTvis rom
bavSvis ndoba movipovoT da amiT kidev ufro ukeT vimoqmedoT masze aRmzrdelobiTad, Zalze didi mniSvneloba aqvs
sistematurobas. es saSualebas gvaZlevs rom axalgazrda admamianebSi gavaRviZoT usafrTxoebisa da stabilurobis SegrZneba romelic maT ase Zlier akliaT ojaxebSi. amitomac,
99
moxaliseebi minimum kviraSi erTxel xvdebian TavianTi meurveobis qveS myofebs, yovelTvis erTsa da imave dRes, erTsa da
imave saaTze.
uZlureba sxva adamianis arCevanis mimarT
sirTuleebi romlebsac quCaSi momuSave moxalise anu egreT
wodebuli „sTriTvorqeri“ awydeba mxolod kontaqtis damyarebasa da ndobis mopovebaSi ar mdgomareobs. bavSvebi rogorc wesi
Zalze gaxsnilebi arian TanamSromlobisaTvis xolo mSoblebs ki
uxariaT rom maT moexsnaT problemebis garkveuli nawili radgan
viRac sxvam aiRo Tavis Tavze maTi Svilebis saqmeebis mogvareba.
ase rom, urTierTgacnobisa da pirveli barierebis gadalaxvis
procesi sakmaod swrafi da iolia. moxalisisa da misi beneficiaris
urTierTobis gaRrmavebis kvaldakval SeiZleba gaCndes garkveuli uZlurebis grZnoba. TviT maSinac ki rodesac vcdilobT rom
garkveuli distancia SevinarCunoT Cveni samuSaosa da im problemebis mimarT romlebsac yoveldRe vxedavT, rTulia moiSoro
akviatebuli azri rom am adamianebs „raRac ise ver aqvT rogorc
saWiroa“. rogor SeiZleba isini ver xvdebodnen rom maTi cxovrebisa da aRzrdis wesi „cudia“? rogor SeiZleba ver xvdebodnen rom
isini imeoreben TavianTi mSoblebis disfunqciuri qcevis models da Semdgom am models ukve TavianT Svilebs gadascemen? Tu
aseT fiqrebs Rrmad CavyvebiT SeiZleba garkveuli uZlurebis
grZnobam Segvipyros, SeiZleba Cveni samuSao uazro mogveCvenos
da motivaciam iklos. am problemas SeiZleba gavumklavdeT Tuki
gvemaxsovreba rom Cven am adamianebs mxolod da mxolod SesaZlo
gadawyvetilebebs vkarnaxobT, vaCvenebT garkveul gzebs rTuli
situaciidan gamosasvlelad xolo miiRebs Tu ara Cvens rCevas - es
ukve im adamianis gadasawyvetia. unda gaviTvaliswinoT am adamianebis mdgomareobac, isini xom Zalze mWidrod arian dakavSirebulebi im garemosTan sadac isini daibadnen da gaizardnen. Rirebulebebi romlebsac disfunqciuri adamianebi TavianT Svilebs
gadascemen is erTaderTi Rirebulebebia rac maT TavianTi mSoblebisagan darCaT. gamomdinare iqidan rom maT aranairi sxva alternativa ar aqvT isini TavianTi normebiT xelmZRvaneloben.
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aRmzrdeli, avtoriteti magram ara amxanagi
problema romelsac „sTriTvorqerebi“ xSirad awydebian
aris urTierTobis donis gansazRvra bavSvTan/mozardTan. ramdenadac bavSvebTan mimarTebaSi aRmzrdelis an meurvis poziciis dakaveba SedarebiT advilia (sxva mizezebTan erTad didi
asakobrivi sxvaobis wyalobiTac), imdenad Znelia amis gakeTeba
mozardebTan da axalgazrdebTan, amitomac maTTan es sakiTxi
intuiciurad unda gadavwyvitoT. is rac bevr „quCis muSaks“
saqmes ufuWebs aris zedmeti familaroba da sazRvrebis waSla
maTsa da maTi meurveobis qveS myofebs Soris, aseT SemTxvevebSi yalibdeba amxanaguri da ara aRmzrdelisa da aRsazrdelis
urTierToba. ase imitom xdeba rom aRmzrdelebs undaT Tavi
moawonon TavianT aRsazrdelebs, moipovon maTi ndoba. TumcaRa, rodesac aRmzrdeli zedmetad amxanagur urTierTobaze
gadadis kargavs aRmzrdelobiTi gavlenis Zalas. aRmzrdeli
avtoriteti aRar aris, is ukve amxanagia. aseT mdgomareobaSi
ufro xSirad susti xasiaTis adamianebi aRmoCndebian xolme
romlebsac ar ZaluZT rom Tavidanve mkveTri sazRvari gaavlon
TavianT Tavsa da aRsazrdelebs Soris.
dro daTesvisa da dro mosavlis aRebisa
moxaliseebis mier dReS sami saaTis ganmavlobaSi Catarebuli mecadineobebi ver Secvlian ojaxis mniSvnelobas, ver
daamuxruWeben sazogadoebrivi degradaciis process da ver
Secvlian ubnis mcxovrebTa cxovrebis wess. TumcaRa moxalisis
saqmianobas moklevadian perspeqtivaSi SeiZleba Zalze dadebiTi Sedegebi hqondes, gansakuTrebiT bavSvebis SemTxvevaSi.
mecadineobebSi monawileobis survili, CarTuloba da sistematuroba ukve garkveul warmatebas niSnavs. zogjer efeqtebi Zalze mcirea magram maTi SemCneva da aRniSvna mainc aucilebelia.
sityvebi „madloba“, „geTayva“, „bodiSi“, kulturuli moqceva
transportiT mgzavrobisas an kiTxva - „movlen dRes moxaliseebi?“ - gogonas bageebidan romelic ukve ori Tvea protestis
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niSnad ar laparakobs, ra Tqma unda Zalze bevrs niSnavs.
Cveni saqmianobis aucileblobaSi gvarwmunebs is faqti rom
bronovices ubnis bavSvebis mSoblebi Cven gvendobian, ar eridebaT CvenTvis daxmarebis, mxardaWerisa da rCevis Txovna. am mcire Jestebs Zalze didi mniSvneloba aqvT moxalisis motivaciis
SenarCunebisaTvis.
imis gacnobiereba rom arsebobs dro Tesvisa da arsebobs
dro nayofis miRebisa didwilad gansazRvravs quCis moxaliseebis muSaobas bronovice stares ubanSi. gavriskav da vityvi rom
am ubanSi Cveni rva wlis muSaobis Semdegac ki jer kidev Tesvis
etapze var. gacnobierebuli gvaqvs rom SeiZleba verc verasdros vnaxoT Cveni Sromis Sedegebi TumcaRa vimedovnebT rom
erTi adamianis mier meorisaTvis miZRvnili dro adre Tu gvian
nayofs gamoiRebs.
„xidi warmoadgens konstruqcias (...) romelic mdinaris or
napirs erTmaneTTan aerTebs (...) da saSualebas aZlevs adamianebs erTi napiridan meore napirze gadavidnen...“ (informacia polonuri enis ganmartebiTi leqsikonidan). analogiuri SeiZleba
vTqvaT moxaliseTa programa „xidis“ Sesaxeb. adamianebi romlebic am programas axorcieleben or samyaros akavSireben erTmaneTTan. orive samyaros macxovreblebi erTi SexedviT mkveTrad
gansxvavdebian erTmaneTisgan magram Tuki kargad davakvirdebiT davinaxavT rom isini Zalze gvanan erTmaneTs da orive am
jgufs bevri Rirebuli ram gaaCnia.
kataJina mazuri
daxmarebis programa dominuvSi
sofel dominuvSi mdebare arasrulwlovanTa TavSesafris
binadarTa daxmarebis programa romlis saxelwodebacaa „mosaxvevSi” – „lublinis moxaliseTa centris“ erT-erTi sain102
tereso programaa. dominuvi lublinis axlos mdebare sofelia.
arasrulwlovanTa TavSesafris daxmarebis programa Seiqmna
sofel podglembokeSi arsebul saskolo-aRmzrdelobiT centrSi miRebuli gamocdilebis safuZvelze. programam starti
2010 wlis TebervalSi aiRo.
Sexvedrebi da diskusiebi stumrebTan, kulinariuli kursebi
da sportuli Sejibrebebi - dominuvis TavSesafarSi momuSave
moxaliseebi sxvadasxva meTodebiT cdiloben TavianT aRsazrdelebSi niWisa da interesebis aRmoCena-ganviTarebas.
aq angelozebi ar xvdebian
dominuvis arasrulwlovanTa TavSesafari daxuruli tipis
sareabilitacio dawesebulebaa. igi 13-18 wlis asakis biWebisTvisaa gankuTvnili romlebic eWvmitanilebi arian sisxlis
samarTlis danaSaulis CadenaSi da romlebis saqmeebzec Sesabamisi muxlebiT mimdinareobs gamoZieba. am TavSesafris Rsazrdelebs sxvadasxva tipis danaSaulobebi aqvT Cadenili magram
ra Tqma unda arc erTi maTgani ar moxvedrila aq daumsaxureblad an ubralod e. w. „Satalos“ gakeTebisaTvis. ganawesis
mixedviT aq biWebi sami Tvis ganmavlobaSi imyofebian, saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi ki maTi aq yofna kidev sami TviT SeiZleba rom
gagrZeldes, ase ramdenjerme SeiZleba ganmeordes. aqedan
gamomdinare aRsazrdelebis rotacia Zalze didia. biWebi 10-kacian jgufebad arian dayofilebi maTi demoralizaciis donis
mixedviT.
aRsazrdelebTan Sexvedrebi da mecadineobebi kviraSi erTxel tardeba, isini daaxloebiT 2 saaTi grZeldeba. SexvedrebSi
10-dan 35-mde adamiani monawileobs. Sexvedrebs dawesebulebis
direqtori da aRmzrdelebic eswrebian. moxaliseebi cdiloben am biWebs daanaxvon moxaliseobrivi saqmianobis idea, gaacnobierebinon maT rom SeiZleba sxvebisTvis raRac uangarod
akeTo da aqedan siamovneba miiRo. moxaliseebis misia warmate103
bulad CaiTvleba Tuki aRsazrdelebi Seicvlian TavianT azrovnebas da momavalSi TviTon gaakeTeben sxva adamianebisTvis
sikeTes, Tanac ise rom amas gulubryvilo saqcielad ar CaTvlian.
gavafarTooT horizonti
saqmianobam romelsac moxaliseebi ewevian TavSesafarSi,
maTi aRsazrdelebis azrovnerbis horizonti unda gaafarToos. moxaliseebs undaT rom am biWebs gaacnon iseTi movlenebi da realoba rac maT adre arasodes unaxavT da Seileba verc
verasdros naxon. isini cdiloben gaaumjobeson aRsazrdelebis
interpersonaluri unarebi, ufro mgrZnobiareni gaxadon isini sxva adamianebis mimarT, daamsxvrion stereotipebi maT azrovnebaSi da msoflmxedvelobaSi, daanaxvon maT ufro meti saSualeba da idea imisa Tu rogor SeiZleba icxovros adamianma.
TavSesafarSi mimdinare reabilitaciis procesi sakmaod rTulia, moxaliseebi TavianTi iq yofniTa da saqmianobiT cdiloben
Seumsubuqon biWebs es sirTule da cota xniT mainc daaviwyon
rom isini izolaciaSi imyofebian da maTi saqmeebi ZiebaSia. moxaliseebi cdiloben am biWebSi sakuTari saqcielisa da situaciis Secvlis survili gaaRviZon.
moxaliseebi SeZlebisdagvarad cdiloben upasuxon TavianTi aRsazrdelebis moTxovnebsa da interesebs. isini cdiloben aRsazrdelebs Seaswavlon diskusiis xelovneba da sakuTari
azrebis formulireba rac sakmaod rTuli amocanaa radganac
biWebi xSir SemTxvevaSi Zalze dakompleqsebulebi arian da eSiniaT rom azris gamoTqmisas raime ar SeeSaloT da sasacilo an
uxerxul mdgomareobaSi ar aRmoCndnen. unda gaviTvaliswinoT
rom aq daxuruli jgufis meqanizmebic muSaoben: yvela elodeba
Tu ras ityvis lideri, maSinac ki rodesac isini mecadineobis
dros jgufebad arian dayofilebi da garkveuli rolebi aqvT
mikuTvnebuli.
moxaliseTa moqmedebebis ZiriTadi mizania rac SeiZleba
104
farTod gaacnon TavianT aRsazrdelebs adamianuri moRvaweobisa da kulturis sxvadasxva formebi. moxaliseebi iwveven sxvadasxva stumrebs romlebic biWebisaTvis sainteresoni SeiZleba aRmoCndnen da maTi yuradReba miipyron. es SeiZleba iyos
mogzauri qali romelmac CineTi moinaxula, kubeli emigranti
romelic ukeTesi bedis ZiebaSi poloneTSi moxvda, mocekvaveTa
folkloruli ansamblis wevrebi da sxva.
moxaliseebi agreTve awyoben Tematur Sexvedrebs da interpersonaluri unarebisadmi miZRvnil mecadineobebs (mag. asertiulobis treningi, araverbaluri komunikacia da sxva). arc
praqtikuli mecadineobebis nakleboba igrZnoba: moxaliseebi
aRsazrdelebs aswavlian saWmlis momzadebas, origamis figurebis awyobas, Jonglirebas.
urTierTobis safuZvelia drois erTad gatareba da Tan mravalferovani saqmianobiT dakaveba. yofila SemTxvevebi roca
yovelkvireuli Sexvedrebis Tema yofila hip-hopis teqstebis
interpetireba an simarjvis gamomuSavebis svarjiSoebi banqos
saSualebiT. biWebi agreTve xalisiT monawileoben saxviTi xelovnebis mecadineobebSi.
am programis moxaliseebi SeiZleba iyvnen srulwlovani
pirebi romlebsac TavianT aRsazrdelebTan ar aqvT naTesauri
an megobruli kavSiri. Cven veZebT qarizmatul, gamowvevebis
moyvarul da momTmen adamianebs vinaidan xSir SemTxvevaSi,
Cveni Sromis Sedegi rom davinaxoT amas cota mocda Wirdeba.
Cven mxarSi gvidgas centris direqcia romelic keTilganwyobT
ekideba Cvens iq yofnasa da saqmianobas.
ana zbiCiaki
105
ltolvilebis daxmarebis programa
ltolvilTa daxmarebis programam 2001 wels aiRo starti da
im droidan moyolebuli sxvadasxva formebiT exmareba ucxoelebs integraciaSi. amJamad programa xorcieldeba lublinSi,
horbuv-koloniaSi da biala podliaskaSi.
yvela CvenTaganma met-naklebad icis Tu ras niSnavs sityva
ltolvili. TumcaRa, umetes SemTxvevaSi am sityvis gagonebisas
omi warmogvidgeba xolme Tvalwin romelic sadRac Sors mimdinareobs. ver vacnobierebT rom es omi ltolvilebis saxiT ukve
Cvens gverdiTaa. adamianebi romlebic TavianTi sicocxlis an
janmrTelobis gadasarCenad samSoblodan garbian, sxva qveynebs
miaSureben xolme, am qveynebs Sorisaa poloneTic. ltolvilebi Cvens gverdiT cxovroben, Cven maT vxvdebiT maRaziebSi, maTTan erTad vmgzavrobT avtobusiT, Cveni bavSvebi erTsa da imave
skolaSi dadian.
maSinve saWirod igrZnob Tavs
rogor CaverTe me moxaliseobaSi? programis Sesaxeb SemTxveviT gavige - megobari moxalisisgan. vinaidan ltolvilebis
Sesaxeb bevri araferi vicodi ver vxvdebodi Tu risi molodini SeiZleba mqonoda. iqneb zustad imitomac rom winaswar
bevri araferi vicodi da didi molodinebic ar mqonda, ufro
advilad movaxerxe CemTvis ucnob, axal garemoSi adaptireba.
rodesac TeTr da lurj ferebad SeRebili Senobis zRurbls
gadavabije romelsac „sastumro“ ewera Tavdajerebulobas
namdvilad ar vgrZnobdi. Senobis karamde ramdenime wyvilma
Tvalma mimacila romlebic iqve ezoSi mosaubre aratipiuri
garegnobis mamakacebs ekuTvnodaT. maTi mxridan garkveuli
undobloba virgZeni Tumca am undoblobas daintersebac axlda Tan. rodesac SenobaSi aRmovCndi, iq gamefebuli siCume
da masTan erTad Cemi uxerxulobac uceb gafanta saidanRac
gamoCenilma, moJriamule bavSvebis gundma. Tavi ise vigrZeni
106
TiTqos es bavSvebi mTeli dRe mxolod me melodebodnen da
axla gars mertymodnen gaxarebulebi imiT rom rogorc iqna
gamovCndi da maTTan erTad ramdenime saaTs gavatarebdi.
aseTma uSualobam Tavidan cota ar iyos da SemboWa magram
cota xanSi saocari simxneve vigrZeni da mivxvdi rom am adamianebisTvis saWiro viyavi. jer kidev kargad ver vxvdebodi
Tu raSi mdgomareobda moxaliseebis samuSao magram ukve vicodi rom es Zalian saWiro saqme iyo. mas Semdeg rac Senobis
komendants Cemi mowmoba warvudine, patarebis jogi centris
klubisaken gamiZRva da mec daufaravi sixaruliT gavyevi maT.
ase daiwyo Cemi Tavgadasavali moxaliseobis samyaroSi.
moxalisebis vizitebi centrSi bavSvebisaTvis yovelTvis
didi movlenaa. moxaliseebi klubSi regularul mecadineobebs
atareben, maT aq yovelTvis Zveli megobrebiviT xvdebian. centri specifikuri adgilia sadac bavSvebis aRzrdaze xSir SemTxvevaSi Senobis koridorebi da ezo axdens did gavlenas. bavSvebi
uCivian mowyenilobas da Tavisufal dros gasarTobi saSualebebis arqonas, amitomac moxaliseebi maTTvis garkveulwilad
gamrTobebic arian da axal samyaroSi gaWrili fanjarac. im
dros rodesac dedebi saxlis saqmeebiT arian dakavebulebi,
ufrosi bavSvebi TavianT umcros da-Zmebs patronoben.
TamaSi da swavla
Tavidan moxaliseebis saqmianoba centrSi ganxorcielebuli
araregularuli vizitebiT da bavSvebisaTvis sadResaswaulo
wveulebebis organizebiT Semoifargleboda. Tumca, droTa
ganmavlobaSi, pirvel rigSi centris direqtoris - qalbatoni
violeta kenjerskas keTili nebis wyalobiT movaxerxeT Cveni
Sromis sistematizeba. Zveli, didi sasadilo sam nawilad daiyo da erTi nawili moxaliseebs gadmogveca sargeblobaSi. 2006
wlis 5 aprils, stumrebis TandaswrebiT Sedga klubis sazeimo
gaxsna. amJamad moxaliseebis gankargulebaSi damatebiT kidev
saleqcio darbazicaa sadac moxaliseebi ltolvilebs polon107
uri enis gakveTilebs da warmodgenebis repeticiebs utareben.
dainteresebuli ltolvilebisaTvis gakeTda biblioTeka sadac xelmisawvdomia polonurenovani da rusulenovani wignebi.
klubi kviraSi xuT dRes muSaobs, orSabaTidan paraskevis
CaTvliT, naSuadRevidan saRamomde. mecadineobebSi mxolod is
bavSvebi monawileoben romelTa mSoblebmac amaze werilobiTi
Tanxmoba ganacxades. aRsazrdelebi asakobriv jgufebad arian
dayofilebi. TiToeul jgufs Tavisi moxaliseTa Stabi aqvs,
Stabebze zedamxedvelobas koordinatori axorcielebs romelic mocemul dRezea pasuxismgebeli. moxaliseebi cdiloben
rom yvela jgufis mecadineobebi Tematurad erTiani iyos Tumca amave dros maTi done TiToeuli jgufis bavSvebis asakTan da
enobriv SesaZleblobebTan unda iqnas misadagebuli. ubralod
rom vTqvaT: moxaliseebi bavSvebs TamaSiT aswavlian. isini cdiloben saintereso da gasarTobi gziT warudginon bavSvebs polonuri kultura, aCvenon maT adgilobrivi wes-Cveulebebi da
tradiciebi, aswavlian maT adgilobriv normebsa da moqcevis
wesebs, am yvelafris paralelurad ki polonuri enis Seswavlac
xdeba.
klubSi mecadineobebis garda moxaliseebi bavSvebs repetitorobasac uweven. isini bavSvebs exmarebian saSinao davalebebis momzadebaSi, gavlili masalis gameorebaSi an darCenili
sagnebis CabarebisTvis mozadebaSi. samuSao rogorc wesi bevria.
xdeba xolme rom dawyebiTi skolis mesameklasel bavSvs xelaxla unda Seaswavlon anbani da gamravlebis tabula. amis aucilbloba Zalian mwvaved dgas radganac poloneTSi ltolvilad
Camosuli nebismieri bavSvi maSinve saskolo programis aTvisebis aucileblobis winaSe dgeba. amgvarad patara bavSvebi
uceb aRmoCndebian xolme situaciaSi rodesac poloneli Tanatolebis Tanabrad unda aiTvison saskolo masala rac ra Tqma
und aadvili amocana ar aris. ar arsebobs polonuri enis Sesaswavli saadaptacio periodi ris gamoc bavSvebi xSirad rCebian
xolme imave klasSi, es ki rasakvirvelia swavlis motivacias
ukargavs maT.
108
ufrosebsac ar davtovebT mxardaWeris gareSe
ufrosi asakis ltolvilebis aqtivizacia sxvadasxvagvarad
xdeba. kviraSi samjer, saRamos saaTebSi moxaliseebi maT polonuri enis gakveTilebs utareben. xSirad, is ucxoelebi
romlebic poloneTs rogorc satranzito qveyanas ise uyureben, did dainteresebas ar gamoxataven polonuri enisa da
kulturis mimarT, ra Tqma unda maT arc adgilobriv sazogadoebaSi integracia ainteresebT. rodesac ucxoeli poloneTSi Camodis da misTvis ucxo, uCveulo garemosa da kulturas ejaxeba, mas garkveuli gaucxoebis grZnoba eufleba,
is iZulebulia Seeguos am rTul situacias. samwuxarod zogierTebisTvis es kulturuli Soki da Seuguebloba wlebis
ganmavlobaSi grZeldeba. damatebiTi problema romelsac
ucxoeli ltolvilebi ejaxebian aris biurokratia romelic
enobriv barierTan erTad uzarmazar problemas warmoadgens. garda imisa rom maT travmuli warsulis mZime tvirTi
awevT mxrebze, isini iZulebulni arian rom axla ltolvilis statusis misaRebad gulisgamawvrilebel procedurebs
gaumklavdnen.
miuxedavad siZneleebisa, patara nabijebis meTodebis
wyalobiT moxalisebi mainc aRweven TavianT saqmianobaSi
warmatebebs. is ucxoelebi romlebic TavianT momavals poloneTSi xedaven swrafad integrirdebian, mWidro kontaqts
amyareben moxliseebTan da gaxsnilebi arian TanamSromlobisaTvis. aseT pirebs perspeqtivaSi samuSaos Sovnis meti
Sansi aqvT, es ki dResdReobiT TviT polonelebisaTvisac
ar aris advili. im periodis ganmavlobaSi roca ucxoelebi
ltolvilis statusis Sesaxeb gadawyvetilebas elodebian
Sesabamisi samsaxuridan maT legalurad muSaobis ufleba ar
aqvT. aqedan gamomdinare isini xSirad mzad arian rom droebiTi da dabalanazRaurebadi samsaxuriTac dakavdnen romelic
ra Tqma unda aralegaluria.
polonuri enis gakveTilebis garda moxaliseebi ltolvi109
lebs bevr sxva ramesac aCveneben rac polonur kulturasTan da
yoveldRiurobasTan aris dakavSirebuli. garkveuli periodulobiT ewyoba koleqtiuri gasvlebi muzeumebSi, TeatrebSi,
skansenebSi, kinoSi. garda amisa, moxaliseebi minimum weliwadSi
erTxel awyoben ramdenimedRian saintegracio-saganmanaTleblo eqskursiebs qalaqgareT, im ojaxebisaTvis romlebic integraciis survils gamoxataven. es ltolvilebs aZlevs damatebiT Sanss rom ukeT gaicnon axali qveyana, misi macxovreblebi
da dauaxlovdnen adgilobriv sazogadoebas.
moxaliseebi cdiloben rom is ojaxebic ar daiviwyon romlebmac ukve miiRes ltolvilis statusi, datoves droebiTi
sacxovrebeli centri da amJamad ukve integraciis programiT
(MOPMOPR) arian moculebi. moxaliseebi exmarebian ltolvilebs
sxvadasxva uwyebebSi saqmeebis mogvarebaSi, asruleben Tarjimnis rols eqimTan vizitis dros, isev amecadineben bavSvebs, exmarebian ltolvilebs binis moZebnaSi da a. S. droebiT centrSi TiToeul ojaxs calke oTaxi aqvs gamoyofili.
Tuki ojaxi mravalSviliania (rac sxvaTa Soris iSviaTobas ar
warmoadgens) maSin mas meti farTi gamoeyofa. samzareuloebi da abazanebi oTxsarTuliani Senobis yoveli sarTulis
koridorebSia ganlagebuli da saerTo sargeblobisaa. ra
Tqma unda aseTi pirobebi ojaxuri simyudrovisa da simSvidis atmosferos Camoyalibebas maincdamainc ar uwyobs xels.
meore mxriv, calke binis daqiraveba qalaqSi advili saqme
araa. binebis gamqiraveblebi did enTuziazms ar gamoxataven
ucxoelebisadmi binebis miqiravebis sakiTxisadmi. es albaT
gansxvavebuli kulturis adamianebisadmi arsebuli garkveuli stereotipebis bralia. samwuxarod, sxva kulturisa da
sxva religiis adamianebi zog SemTxvevaSi diskriminacias
ejaxebian Tumca moxaliseebis daxmarebiT da maT mier Catarebuli aqciebis meSveobiT romlebic gaxsnilobas eZRvneba,
ltolvilebis sabinao mdgomareoba nel-nela ukeTesobisaken
icvleba.
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„CeCneTis varskvlavebi”
kidev erTi iniciativa romelic integraciis gaRrmavebisken
aris mimarTuli, gaxlavT 2008 wels Seqmnili CeCnuri cekvisa da
simReris ansambli „CeCneTis varskvlavebi“. ansambli bavSvebis,
mSoblebisa da moxaliseebis aqtiuri urTierTTanamSromlobiT
Seiqmna. es ansambli Tavisi arsebobis dasawyisidanve aqtiurad
CaerTo lublinis kulturuli mravalferovnebis warmodgenis
saqmeSi, igi mniSvnelovnad exmareba polonelebs ucxoelebis
kulturuli gansxvavebulobis aRqmaSi. am ansablis wyalobiT
bevrma adamianma gaigo Tu vin arian ltolvilebi da saidan modian isini. adamianebi aRar uyureben movlnebs stereotipulad
da iwyeben maTTvis aqamde ucnobi kulturis silamazis aRqmas.
es ra Tqma unda mniSvnelovnad aTbobs urTierTobas ucxoelebsa da maT mimReb sazogadoebas Soris.
ltolvilTa daxmarebis programaSi CarTuli moxaliseebis saqmianobaSi garkveul siaxles warmoadgens cota xnis win
gadaRebuli filmi romlis fabulac „oqros ixvis legendas“
eyrdnoba, agreTve polonur-CeCnur simReraze gadaRebuli
videoklipi romlis dasaxelebacaa „gzaze“. zRapari multimediuri paketis ZiriTad nawils warmoadgens romelic gankuTvnilia polonuri enis Semswavleli ucxoelebisaTvis.
am CanawerebSi polonelma da CeCenma bavSvebma miiRes monawileoba romlebic kastingis safuZvelze SeirCnen. aseTi tipis aqciebi erTmaneTTan aaxloeben bavSvebs da gvarwmuneben
imaSi rom kulturuli da enobrivi gansxvavebebis miuxedavad SesaniSnavad SeuZliaT monaxon saerTo ena. videoklipi
sikeTisa da urTierTgagebisaken mouwodebs adamianebs. simReraSi laparakia kulturaTaSorisi dialogis agebaze, poloneTSi mcxovreb ucxoelebze, sxvadasxva kulturebis Tanaarsebobaze. ukve wlebia moxaliseebi lublinis regionis
sxvadasxva skolebSi atareben saganmanaTleblo Sexvedrebs
romlebic mowodebulia sazogadoebis Segnebis amaRlebisken
da kulturaTaSorisi dialogisaken.
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mravalwlianma gamocdilebam dagvarwmuna rom Tu keTilmezobluri urTierTobebis Seneba gvinda, aucilebelia adgilobrivi Temis ucxoelebTan integracia. negatiuri damokidebuleba „ucxoebis“ mimarT xSirad maTi kulturis Sesaxeb
codnis deficitiT da maTdami stereotipuli SexedulebebiT
aris gamowveuli. ltolvilebis tradiciebis, maTi istoriis,
cekvebis CvenebiT moxaliseebi aqtiur monawileobas Rebuloben lublinis mravalferovani kulturuli saxis CamoyalibebaSi, qalaqisa romelic gaxsnili da megobrulia yvelasaTvis,
miuxedavad maTi warmoSobisa.
magdalena fSitula
moxaliseTa saskolo klubebi
moxaliseTa saskolo klubebi - esaa bavSvebisa mozardebis
gaerTianebebi romlebic meurveebis zedamxedvelobis qveS, nebayoflobiT, gacnobierebulad da uangarod uweven daxmarebasgaWirvebulebs. es klubebi skolebSi arseboben da pedagogiuri
sabWoebis gadawyvetilebis safuZvelze iqmneba. pirveli aseTi
klubebi romlebmac „lublinis regionul moxaliseTa centrTan“ 2001 wels Seiqmna zamoSCSi, lubartuvSi da vlodavaSi.
amJamad aseTi klubebi praqtikulad yvela tipis skolebSi funqcionireben. isini ewevian iseTi tipis saqmianobas romelic Seesabameba klubebis wevri patara moxaliseebis asaksa da SesaZleblobebs. moxaliseTa saskolo klubebi monawileoben skolisa
da adgilobrivi Temis saWiroebebidan gamomdinare problemebis gadawyvetaSi8.
moxaliseoba pataraobidan
moxaliseTa sakolo klubebis ZiriTad miznebs ganekuT8
amJamad, lublinis regionis sxvadasxva tipis 100-mde skolaSi moqmedebs
moxaliseTa sakolo klubebi. maTi nawili moxaliseTa saskolo klubebis qselSia gaerTianebuli, nawili ki damoukideblad muSaobs.
112
vneba: axalgazrdebSi sxvaTa gaWirvebis mimarT sensitiurobisa da gaxsnilobis gaRviZeba, axalgazrdebisaTvis moxaliseobis ideis gacnoba, maTi momzadeba moxaliseobrivi samuSaos
SesrulebisaTvis, maTTvis saSualebis micema rom SezRuduli
unarebis mqone adamianebs, avadmyofebs da martoxelebs daexmarnon, moxaliseebis mxardamWeri jgufebis Seqmna, saintereso iniciativebis mxardaWera, Tanamedrove samyaros suraTis
Cveneba mis Tanmxleb problemebTan erTad (rogoricaa omi, SimSili, sasmeli wylis deficiti, monoba, adamianebiT vaWroba,
bavSvTa Sroma), daxmareba interesebis ganviTarebaSi.
moxaliseTa sakolo klubebs saqmianobis erTi, gansazRvruli profili ar gaaCniaT. isini sxvadasxvagvar moRvaweobas ewevian. yvelaze umcrosi moxaliseebi romlebic dawyebiT
klasebSi swavloben, yovelTvis jgufurad muSaoben, meurvemaswavleblis zedamxedvelobis qveS. isini ufro xSirad periodul aqciebSi iReben monawileobas: agroveben Semowirulobebsa da saCuqrebs, atareben latareebs, dResaswaulebis
dros moinaxuleben xolme sxvadasxva damxmare organizaciebSi mcxovreb gaWirvebulebs. ufrosi asakis moxalise bavSvebi
sistematurad muSaoben. isini dadian gaWirvebuli adamianebis
saxlebSi, damxmare organizaciaTa ofisebSi da a. S. exmarebian
umcrosebsa da TavianT tolebs gakveTilebis momzadebaSi,
darCenili sagnebis CabarebaSi, organizebas ukeTeben maT Tavisufal dros, agreTve exmarebian xanSiSesul da SezRuduli unarebis mqone adamianebs.
lublinis savoevodoSi, moxaliseTa saskolo klubebSi Catarebuli kvlevebi cxadyofen rom skolis moxaliseebis udidesi procenti (54,2%) sxvadasxva formiT CarTulia bavSvebTan
muSaobaSi. es aris rogorc erTjeradi aqciebi, aseve sistematuri saqmianoba saganmanaTleblo-aRmzrdelobiT klubebSi,
sabavSvo baRebSi da ubralod TanatolebisaTvis gaweuli megobruli daxmareba gakveTilebis momzadebaSi. raodenobis TvalsazrisiT meore adgils ikavebs moxaliseebis jgufi (22,1%)
romelic CarTulia perioduli sadResaswaulo RonisZiebebis
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mozadebasa da Semowirulobebis akrefvaSi. mniSvnelovnad naklebia im moxaliseTa ricxvi romlebic exmarebian xandazmul
adamianebs (7,7%), ltolvilebs (6,5%), usaxlkaroebs (5,3%) da
SezRuduli unarebis mqoneebs (4,2%). yuradReba unda mivaqcioT im faqts rom patara moxaliseebis mier Sesrulebuli
samuSaos tipi yovelTvis maTi individualuri arCevanidan ar
gamomdinareobs. xSirad, moxalisis mier samuSao adgilis arCevaSi gadamwyvet faqtors warmoadgens ama Tu im organizaciis an
dawesebulebis survili da gaxsniloba mozard moxaliseebTan
TanamSromlobisadmi.
gavcemT da viRebT
rogorc adre ukve aRvniSneT, moxaliseTa saskolo klubebis
amocana ara marto gaWirvebulebis daxmarebaa aramed aRmzrdelobiTi gavlenis moxdena TviTon moxaliseebze, altruistuli midgomebis Camoyalibeba maTSi. is moxaliseebi romlebsac
ekiTxebian Secvala Tu ara maTSi rame moxaliseobrivma saqmianobam pasuxoben rom es cvlilebebi TvalnaTlivia. isini amboben rom: gaxdnen ufro metad uangaroebi (64,9%), ufro kargad
arTmeven Tavs cxovrebiseul rTul situaciebs (63,7%), ukeT
axerxeben TavianTi drois organizebas (48,2%). aqedan gamomdinare SeiZleba iTqvas rom moxaliseebSi momxdari cvlilebebi
ori saxisaa - cvlilebebis erTi nawili Seexeba maTi urTierTobis gaumjobesebas sxva adamianebTan, meore nawili ki maTi piradi Tvisebebis gaumjobesebas.
imisaTvis rom moxaliseTa saskolo klubebma dasaxul
miznebs miaRwion, aucilebelia maTi muSaobis sworad organizeba rac pirvel rigSi klubis meurvis amocanaa. muSaobis organizebaSi ramdenime Zalze mniSvnelovani elementi arsebobs:
moxalisis sworad momzadeba samuSaosaTvis, davalebebis SerCeva moxalisis codnisa da unarebis mixedviT, moxaliseTa mxardaWera rTul da krizisul situaciebSi.
114
moxaliseTa regionuli centris ZiriTadi amocanebis ricxvSi Sedis: moxaliseTa saskolo klubebis meurveebis arsebiTi mxardaWera axalgazrduli moxaliseobis organizebis iuridiul
aspeqtebSi, axalgazrdebis CarTva daxmarebis farTospeqtrian
aqciebSi da agreTve moxaliseTa saskolo klubebis meurveebisaTvis Sexvedrebis organizeba sadac isini erTmaneTisTvis gamocdilebisa da ideebis gaziarebas SeZleben.
moxaliseTa sakolo klubebze SeiZleba iTqvas rom isini TavianT TavSi moRvaweobis or mimarTulebas aerTianeben. pirveli
- esaa daxmarebiTi mimarTuleba romelic gaTvlilia gaWirveul
adamianebze xolo meore - aRmzrdelobiTi mimarTuleba romelic bavSvebisa da mozardebisaTvis garkveul cxovrebiseul
skolas warmoadgens sadac isini swavloben sxvebis gaWirvebisadmi gulisxmierebas, sistematurobas da pasuxismgeblobas.
doqtori kataJina brauni
moxaliseoba aqciebis formiT
„kargi ardadegebi karg koleqtivSi” - es im bavSvebis mier mofiqrebuli ideaa romlebic ardadegebs TavianT sacxovrebel
adgilebze atareben - lublinis gareubnebSi mdebare mravalsarTulian korpusebSi. es iniciativa pirvel rigSi qalaqis
Rarib ubnebSi mcxovrebi bavSvebisTvisaa gamiznuli Tumca masSi monawileobis miReba sxvadasxva dainteresebul pirebsa da
subieqtebsac SeuZliaT (klubebi, kulturis saxlebi da sxva).
aqcia xorcieldeba „lublinis moxaliseTa centris“ da adgilobrivi radiosadguris - „radio eR“-is mier. aqciis ZiriTadi mizania ardadegebis periodSi, qalaqis sxvadasxva ubnebSi
yoveldRiuri sadResaswaulo mini-RonisZiebebis Catareba
yvelaze patarebisaTvis.
115
ardadegebze yvela bavSvi ar miemgzavreba dasasveneblad
idea 2011 wels daibada. mas Semdeg rac moxaliseebi bavSvebis dasaxmarebel programebSi CaerTnen maT aRmoaCines
rom qalaqSi macxovrebeli umcrosi asakis bavSvebis didi
nawili finansuri an ojaxuri pirobebis gamo zafxulobiT
organizebuli sazafxulo dasvenebis aranairi formebiT ar
sargeblobs (banakebi, sanatoriumebi, kurortebi). es faqti
SemdgomSi daadastura kvlevebma romlebic sazogadoebrivi azris kvlevis institutma „Homo Homini“-m Caatara organizacia „maswavleblis xmis“ dakveTiT. kerZod, kvlevebma
aCvena rom organizebuli, minimum erTkviriani dasveneba
mainc, xelmisawvdomi ar aris yovel meore polonur ojaxSi
mcxovrebi bavSvebisaTvis. lublinis savoevodoSi da TviT
lublinSi monacemebi didad ar gansxvavdeba zemoTnaxsenebi
kvlevis Sedegebisagan.
bavSvebi romlebic ardadegebis dros qalaqSi rCebian,
xSir SemTxvevaSi mSoblebis yuradRebis deficits ganicdian
am periodSi. daketilia saskolo klubebi romlebSic isini
dadian xolme swavlis periodSi, ar tardeba damatebiTi mecadineobebic. mSoblebs ar SeuZliaT rom bavSvebs sakmarisi
dro dauTmon, sxvadasxva (xSirad maTgan damoukidebeli)
mizezebis gamo. am yvelafridan gamomdinare bavSvebi TavianTi ardadegebis umetes nawils lublinis mravalsarTuliani
masivebis quCebsa da skverebSi atareben, quCa ki rogorc mogexsenebaT bavSvis aRzrdisaTvis saukeTeso adgili ar aris.
umcrosi asakis bavSvebs quCaSi mravali safrTxe emuqrebaT.
isini swrafad iTviseben quCisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli, Zaladobaze damyarebuli urTierTobis principebs, swavloben
ucenzuro leqsikas da rac yvelaze samwuxaroa iwyeben eqsperimentirebas sxvadasxva saxis msubuqi narkotikebiT (rac
droTa ganmavlobaSi mZime narkotikebis gamoyenebaSi gadaizrdeba xolme). saubedurod, es problema sul ufro da ufro
mcire asakis bavSvebs exebaT da es TvalnaTliv Cans lublinis
ubnebis umravlesobaSi. am mdgomareobis mizezi xSir SemTx116
vevaSi mowyeniloba da uamravi Tavisufali drois Sinaarsianad gatarebis SeuZleblobaa. bavSvebs ar SeuZliaT rom TavianTi Tavisufali dro damoukideblad dagegmon, amisaTvis
maT ufrosebis daxmareba WirdebaT. amitomac, am situaciaSi
Zalze arsebiTi roli SeiZleba Seasrulon quCis/ezos moxalise-animatorebma romlebsac SeuZliaT bavSvebis Tavisufali
drois dagegmva da maTTvis sxvadasxva TamaSebisa Tu sportuli Sejibrebebis organizeba.
pirvel rigSi: sainteresod da usafrTxod
realurad, „kargi ardadegebi karg koleqtivSi” - sakmaod
martivi da amave dros inovaciuri da saintereso RonisZiebaa.
misi arsi mdgomareobs yoveldRiur, samsaaTian SexvedrebSi
romlebsac moxaliseebi atareben bavSvebTan, qalaqis sxvadasxva
adgilebSi - saTamaSo modenebze, skverebSi, moednebze, parkebSi da a. S. moxaliseTa daaxloebiT xuTkaciani jgufebi midian
Sexvedris adgilas da miaqvT saTamaSoebi da saanimacio aRWurviloba (e. w. saanimacio karavi, saTamaSo kuburebi, sivrciTi
pazlebi, burTebi, saxtunaoebi da sxva). moxaliseebi awyoben
jgufur TamaSebs, sportul Sejibrebebsa da varjiSebs, kulturuli xasiaTis RonisZiebebs. erT aseT aqciaSi 30-mde bavSvebi monawileobs. yoveli Sexvedra erToblivi sadiliT mTavrdeba, romlis drosac Sexvedris monawileebi buterbrodebsa da
funTuSebs miirTmeven. sadili Sexvedris mniSvnelovani elementia radgan im bavSvebs Soris romelTac moxaliseebi xvdebian bevri ganicdis sakvebis naklebobas, xandaxan ki SimSilsac.
informacias aseTi Sexvedrebis Sesaxeb, bavSvebi maT ubanSi
winaswar gakruli plakatebis saSualebiT igeben. informacia
piradi kavSirebiTac vrceldeba. yvela bavSvi daniSnul dros
ar modis, zogi maTgani RonisZiebas mxolod mas mere uerTdeba
rac garkveuli periodis ganmavlobaSi Soridan akvirdeba. moxaliseebi ra Tqma unda maqsimalurad cdiloben baSvebis dainteresebas. am iniciativis Sesaxeb informaciis gavrcelebaSi
did rols TamaSobs Cvens mier ukve naxsenebi „radio eR“-ic, igi
117
yoveldRiurad, pirdapiri translaciiT gadmoscems xolme Sexvedrebis mimdinareobas.
bavSvebTan Catarebul yovel Sexvedras aRmzrdelobiTi da
saganmanaTleblo mniSvnelobac aqvs. moxaliseebi cdiloben
rom TamaSebisa da konkursebis saSualebiT bavSvebs gadascen
codna, bunebismcodneobis, ekologiis, istoriis, geografiisa
da maTematikis sferoebidan. maTi mizania agreTve aRsazrdelebSi qcevis swori normebis Camoyalibeba. TamaSis mimdinareobisas bavSvebi swavloben TanatolTa jgufSi moqcevis wesebs,
ayalibeben TavianT urTierTobas TanatolebTan da ufrosebTan, iTviseben „fair play“-s (patiosani TamaSis) principebs.
gaerTe CvenTan erTad!
aqciaSi CarTuli moxaliseebi ZiriTadad axalgazrda adamianebi arian romlebic sxvadasxva wreebs warmoadgenen, eseni
arian: lublinis savoevodos skolebis moswavleebi, studentebi, maswavleblebi, moxaliseebi romlebic saswavlo wlis
ganmavlobaSi sxva programebis farglebSi muSaoben bavSvebTan. Tumca, moxaliseebs Soris arian ufrosi asakis adamianebic, maT Soris pensionrebi. mTlianobaSi, moxaliseTa
jgufi 50-ze met wevrs iTvlis. TiToeuli Sexvedris win moxaliseebi dawvrilebiT ganixilaven da aTanxmeben yvela detals. isini agreTve winaswar inawileben funqciebs, ise rom
TiToeulma moxalisem icodes misi roli da is Tu ra unda
akeTos RonisZiebis dasawyisidan dasasrulamde. rolebis
ganawilebas didi mniSvneloba aqvs. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT,
moxaliseebi ZiriTadad axalgazrda, arasrulwlovani adamianebi arian da maT jer kidev ar gaaCniaT bavSvebTan muSaobis sakmarisi gamocdileba. amitomac, funqciebis swori
ganawileba maT saSualebas aZlevs ukeT moemzadnon aqciis
Casatareblad da Tavi damajereblad igrZnon aRmzrdelebis
rolSi. moxalise Tavis saqmianobaSi Zalze elastiuric unda
iyos radganac dagegmili RonisZieba yovelTvis scenaris
118
Sesabamisad ar warimarTeba. Sexvedrebi Ria cis qveS mimdinareobs da zogjer amindis cvlilebidan gamomdinare saWiroa
rom dagegmili TamaSebi sxva ramiT CavanacvloT. zogjer
dagegmili RonisZiebis sworad Catarebas bavSvebis didma raodenobamac SeiZleba SeuSalos xeli. moxalises unda SeeZlos
situaciisda mixedviT, uceb moifiqros axali TamaSebi raTa
axalmosuli bavSvebic CarTos saerTo garTobaSi. aseT unarebs moxaliseebi treningebze iZenen an maSin rodesac sxva,
ufro gamocdili moxaliseebis muSaobas akvirdebian. moxaliseebis amocana advili sulac ar aris radganac RonisZiebebSi rogorc wesi sxvadasxva asakis bavSvebi monawileoben, sul
patarebiT dawyebuli da skolis ufrosi klasebis moswavleebiT damTavrebuli. erTni TviTon modian RonisZiebebze, sxvebi mSoblebs mohyavT. zogjer mSoblebic siamovnebiT erTvebian xolme TamaSebsa da garTobaSi.
radioSi Tqveso...
mTels am iniciativaSi didi roli iTamaSa „radio eR-ma“ romelic am aqciebis pirdapir translacias axdenda. radios eTerSi SeiZleboda aqciebis monawileTa, mSoblebis, moxaliseebis,
ubnebis macxovreblebisa da RonisZiebebTan dakavSirebuli
sxva adamianebis mosmena. radiosadguri agreTve eweoda sponsorebis moZiebas romelTa gareSec Zneli iqneboda bavSvebis
sadiliTa da saCuqrebiT uzrunvelyofa.
radiogadacemebis meSveobiT, ardadegebze qalaqSi darCenili bavSvebis problemiT bevri organizacia da subieqti
dainteresda. aqciebSi CaerTo sruliad gansxvavebuli organizaciebis mTeli wyeba, magaliTad: qalaq lublinis meria, qalaqis policiis sammarTvelo, regionuli sagzao samsaxuri, regionSi ganlagebuli sacxobebi, sadResaswaulo RonisZiebebis
momwyobi firmebi, „lublinis miwis raindTa saZmo“ da erT-erTi
cxenebis fermac ki. am yvelafris wyalobiT SesaZlebeli gaxda
erTgvari koaliciis Camoyalibeba romelic lublinis Rarib
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ubnebSi mcxovrebi bavSvebis problemebis gadasawyvetad gaerTianda.
miuxedavad imisa rom es aqciebi sakmaod didi maStabebiT
tardeba, am saqmis logistikuri mxare sakmaod advilad mosagvarebeli aRmoCnda. aqedan gamomdinare SeiZleba darwmunebiT
iTqvas rom msgavsi aqciebis organizeba arc ise rTulia Tuki
konkretuli adamianebi da organizaciebi TavianT adgilobriv
TemSi aseT iniciativas gamoiCenen. es iniciativa ki namdvilad
aucilebelia yvela im adgilas sadac bavSvebi quCis anabarad
rCebian, mSoblebisa da meurveebis yuradRebis gareSe.
aneta bedJicka
120

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