Rozdzia³ 4 Chapter 4

Komentarze

Transkrypt

Rozdzia³ 4 Chapter 4
Rozdzia³ 4
Chapter 4
Rodzaje obiektów
2879
2820
Obiekty u¿ytecznoœci publicznej
26 382
25 059
Obiekty mieszkalne
2482
2321
Obiekty produkcyjne
1258
1361
Obiekty magazynowe
7593
6995
Œrodki transportu
12 169
7006
Lasy
44 188
37 096
Uprawy rolnictwo
Inne obiekty
87 365
64 070
20
0
40
80
60
100
(w tys.)
2004 r.
2005 r.
Rys. 13. Po¿ary wed³ug rodzajów obiektów w 2005 r.
Rodzaje obiektów
18 640
17 333
Obiekty u¿ytecznoœci publicznej
58 263
56 930
Obiekty mieszkalne
Obiekty produkcyjne
2737
3122
Obiekty magazynowe
1160
1041
Œrodki transportu
46 211
44 166
Lasy
547
538
Uprawy rolnictwo
4220
5008
Inne obiekty
70 003
72 415
0
10
20
30
40
2005 r.
50
60
70
80
(w tys.)
2004 r.
Rys. 14. Miejscowe zagro¿enia wed³ug rodzajów obiektów w 2005 r.
52
Biuletyn Informacyjny Pañstwowej Stra¿y Po¿arnej za rok 2005
Biuletyn Informacyjny Pañstwowej Stra¿y Po¿arnej za rok 2005
Fa³szywe alarmy
Miejscowe zagro¿enia
Po¿ary
0
5000
10 000
15 000
20 000
25 000
30 000
35 000
40 000
45 000
50 000
6356
10 284
805
9003
10 180
884
1024
24 963
20 758
marzec
1482
10 647
48 016
kwiecieñ
1177
15 603
12 377
maj
1139
17 912
11 228
czerwiec
1530
29 007
15 640
lipiec
1344
26 876
13 601
sierpieñ
1418
19 874
16 862
wrzesieñ
Rys. 15. Po¿ary, miejscowe zagro¿enia i fa³szywe alarmy w poszczególnych miesi¹cach 2005 r.
luty
styczeñ
1145
13 175
12 879
paŸdziernik
941
10 012
10 552
listopad
996
13 248
7044
grudzieñ
Rozdzia³ 4
Chapter 4
53
Rozdzia³ 4
Chapter 4
SUMMARY
In 2005, fire protection units responded to 399,982 events, the number of which rose by
11.3% compared with 2004 (i.e. the number of dangerous events requiring response by fire
protection units was higher by 40,600). The proportions between the numbers of fires and local
threats were similar to those in 2004, as the number of fires was lower than that of local threats.
In 2005, fires represented 46.1% (184,316 events) of the total number of events, with
a distinct increase in their number compared with 2004 – by 25.6%. With the exception of
storage sites, the increase in the number of fires occurred for all the groups of sites. It was the
greatest for forest fires (with an increase of 74%) and the fires of sites classified as others
(mostly grass fires – with an increase of 36%). Since in the other categories of sites the number
of fires slightly grew compared with those in 2004, it can be concluded that the aforementioned
groups of fires were „responsible” for a general growth in the number of fires (as their number
in 2005 was higher by 37,600 than in 2004).
Compared with 2004, the number of local threats remained at the same level, with a slight
increase of 0.6% – from 200,553 to 201,781 events. This represented 50.4% of the total
number of responses by fire protection units in 2005. Local threats continued to represent
more than half the total number of responses by fire protection units. The distribution of the
particular types of local threats in 2005 was very irregular. The greatest drop in the number of
local threats in 2005 occurred in the category of threats caused by strong winds – by 33% and
the largest growth came in the category of higher water levels – with the number of threats of
this type growing by a factor of more than 6 (with the number of local inundations and floods
greater by almost 10,000 than in the previous year). Again, there was an increase in the number
of local threats in road transport, which was the largest category of events (considered in terms
of event types). In 2005, there were 47,100 transport events – with an increase of 6% compared
with 2004. It should also be emphasised that the number of local threats in air transport grew
by 32%.
Both in the case of fires and local threats, most firefighting and rescue operations were
carried out by State Fire Service rescuers who were supported by members of Voluntary Fire
Service units. In 2005, a total of 1,361,741 firemen of the State Fire Service took part in rescue
operations, i.e. their number grew by about 3.0% compared with 2004, primarily as a result of
a larger number of fires. In the period in question, the involvement of the members of Voluntary
Fire Service units in fire suppression substantially grew (by about 33%). This was also a result of
the aforementioned large increase in the number of forest and grass fires, i.e. fires with
a typically rural nature, which were most often extinguished by Voluntary Fire Service units or
with their substantial involvement. In parallel, it should be noted that the growing number of
local threats caused by higher water levels (mostly, rural events as well) led to the greater
involvement of Voluntary Fire Service units, especially other than those engaged in the National
Firefighting and Rescue System. Overall, 717,881 firemen from the Voluntary Fire Service units
engaged in the National Firefighting and Rescue System and 306,517 firemen from the
Voluntary Fire Service units not engaged in the National Firefighting and Rescue System
54
Biuletyn Informacyjny Pañstwowej Stra¿y Po¿arnej za rok 2005
Rozdzia³ 4
Chapter 4
participated in rescue operations. A total of 1,024,398 Voluntary Fire Service firemen took part
in firefighting and rescue operations.
In 2005, the number of false alarms was 13,885, growing by 14% compared with 2004.
False alarms represented 3.4% of the total number of responses, which was comparable to their
average number from several previous years.
2005 was a much safer year for firemen than 2004. In 2005, 2 rescuers died in rescue
operations (compared with 8 in 2004) and 557 were injured (against 567 in 2004).
Biuletyn Informacyjny Pañstwowej Stra¿y Po¿arnej za rok 2005
55

Podobne dokumenty