past simple vs - LOGIM.EDU.GORZOW.PL :: Strona Główna

Komentarze

Transkrypt

past simple vs - LOGIM.EDU.GORZOW.PL :: Strona Główna
PAST SIMPLE VS. PAST CONTINUOUS
Past simple jest czasem przeszłym dokonanym. Określa czynności, które wydarzyły się w
przeszłości.
W zdaniu twierdzącym do czasowników regularnych dodajemy końcówkę –ed. Natomiast formy
czasowników nieregularnych należy przyswoić z drugiej części tabelki czasowników
nieregularnych, np.:
1. She watched her favourite crime story again two days ago.
2. They left the house three hours ago.
W zdaniu pytającym operatorem jest did a czasownik ma formę bezokolicznika, np.:
WYRAZ
PYTAJĄCY
OPERATOR
DID
1. What did
Did
2. When did
Did
PODMIOT
CZASOWNIK W
BEZOKOLICZNIKU
she
she
they
they
watch
watch
leave
leave
DALSZA CZĘŚĆ ZDANIA
two days ago?
her favourite crime story two days ago?
the house?
the house three hours ago?
W zdaniu przeczącym “not” dodajemy zawsze do operatora: tu jest to did + not = didn't, a
czasownik ma formę bezokolicznika, np.:
1. She didn’t watch her favourite crime story again two days ago.
2. They didn’t leave the house three hours ago.
______________________________________________________________________________
Past continuous jest czasem przeszłym niedokonanym, co oznacza, że czynność przez niego
opisywana działa się w przeszłości lecz nie wiadomo czy się zakończyła czy nie.
W zdaniu twierdzącym, pytającym i przeczącym operatorem jest was/were, a do czasownika
dodajemy końcówkę –ing, pamiętając, że w przeczeniu do operatora dodajemy „not”
wasn’t/weren’t , a w pytaniu stosujemy szyk przestawny, np.:
My mum and I were walking in the park at his time yesterday.
Were we walking in the park at his time yesterday?
My mum and I weren’t walking in the park at his time yesterday.
Autor: Agnieszka Szefer
Konsultant: Wojciech Lisowski
EXERCISES
1. Circle the correct form.
(Zaznacz poprawną formę.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
She thanked/was thanking me for the present and opened/ was opening it immediately.
When I got back home my family slept/were sleeping so I tried to behave quietly.
Did you watch/Were you watching the talk show when I called you last night?
The lights went out/were going out when we watched/were watching a thriller on TV.
It was a lovely morning. The sun shone/was shining and it was really warm.
I did / was doing the shopping in the supermarket when someone stole/was stealing my
wallet.
7. He tripped over and fell / was falling on the pavement.
8. My mum left/ was leaving the house in the morning while I still slept/was still sleeping.
9. We played/were playing tennis when suddenly a huge dog ran/was running onto the court.
10. Angela didn’t have the keys and when I came/was coming back he sat/was sitting in front of
the house.
2. Put the verbs in brackets in correct forms of past simple or past continuous.
(Czasowniki w nawiasach wstaw w odpowiedniej formie czasów past simple lub past
continuous)
1. Our brother (not come) back home last night.
2. Yesterday when we (go) shopping we (notice) a strange looking woman in front of our
house.
3. Mother (cook) dinner an father (read) a newspaper while the children (play) in their room.
4. Three days ago while I (go) home I (realize) that I (not have) any presents for my family.
5. (you, be) aware of the consequences of your decision?
6. (Nell and her friends, manage) to pass all their exams last week?
7. Sam (not sleep) all night because her husband (snore) terribly.
8. She (wait) for him but he (not come) back for many hours last night.
9. We (hear) the terrible news few hours ago and we still (can not) understand why he (do) it.
10. Her parents (not be) very happy hearing what she (be) like for her younger sister.
Autor: Agnieszka Szefer
Konsultant: Wojciech Lisowski
3. Write questions to the underlined parts of the sentences above.
(Napisz pytania do podkreślonych części powyższych zdań.)
1. ……………………………
2. ……………………………
3. ……………………………
4. ……………………………
5. ……………………………
6. ……………………………
7. ……………………………
8. ……………………………
9. ……………………………
10. ……………………………
4. Complete the story filling it in with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets: Past
Simple or Past Continuous.
(Uzupełnij poniższe opowiadanie, wstawiając czasowniki podane w nawiasach w czasie
Past Simple lub Past Continuous.)
One day in the summer I …………………. (walk)(1) around in the park. It was a hot day and I
………….. (eat)(2) an ice-cream. Suddenly I …………………. (see)(3) my friends, Carol and
Jim. They …………………. (walk)(4) with their dog. We …………………… (stop)(5) for a little
chat. While we …………… (talk)(6), the dog suddenly …………………… (jump)(7) up to get
my ice-cream. I …………………… (pull)(8) my hand away and the ice-cream
…………………… (fall)(9) out of the cone. Unfortunately there ………… (be)(10) a bald man
behind me. The poor man …………………… (sit)(11) and ………………… (read)(12) a
newspaper. Well, when I ………………… (pull)(13) my hand away the ice-cream ………………
(go)(14) in the air and ……………… (land)(15) on the man’s head. I ……………… (feel)(16)
terrible but when I ……………… (look)(17) at my friends they ……………… (laugh)(18)
hysterically.
Autor: Agnieszka Szefer
Konsultant: Wojciech Lisowski